mardi 22 septembre 2020

La Peste à la Renaissance

La Peste à la Renaissance L’imaginaire d’un fléau dans la littérature au xvie siècle

Brenton Hobart
 

Préfacier: Frank Lestringant

Classiques Garnier
Collection: Géographies du monde, n° 27
Nombre de pages: 1015
Parution: 02/09/2020
ISBN: 978-2-406-08996-4

Résumé: Les auteurs français de la Renaissance, tels Clément Marot, François Rabelais, Montaigne, perpétuent et font évoluer un corpus de représentations de la peste en mêlant imitation et invention et en se mettant souvent en scène comme des survivants des épidémies. Le récit de peste devient un genre littéraire codifié.




Journées communes de la SMHM et de la SFHM

Journées communes de la Société Montpelliéraine d’Histoire de la Médecine (SMHM) et de la Société Française d’Histoire de la Médecine (SFHM)
 

Montpellier 23-24 octobre 2020


Vendredi 23 octobre 2020
˗ 9 h 30 : Visite de l’ancienne Faculté de Médecine et du Jardin botanique
˗ Déjeuner libre
˗ Conférences dans l’amphithéâtre d’anatomie
 

14 h 00 Accueil des participants


14 h 15 Allocutions d’ouverture

14 h 30
Thierry LAVABRE-BERTRAND
La fondation de l’Université de médecine de Montpellier (17 août 1220)

15 h 00
Pierre THILLAUD
Présence montpelliéraine à la SFHM, de 1902 à nos jours

15 h 30
François BONNEL L’âge d'or de l'anatomie à Montpellier

16 h 00
Philippe BONNICHON Laurent Joubert (1529-1583), chirurgien de Montpellier et traducteur de Gui de Chauliac

16 h 30
Jean-Pierre DEDET
Les médecins naturalistes de Montpellier à la Renaissance
 

˗ 20 heures : soirée au restaurant Le Petit Jardin, rue J.J. Rousseau (compris dans l’inscription)
 

Samedi 24 octobre 2020
˗ 9 h 30 : Promenade commentée dans les rues de Montpellier à la découverte des traces du passé médical ; visite du Musée Fabre


˗ Déjeuner libre


˗ Conférences dans l’amphithéâtre d’anatomie
 

14 h 00
Philippe ALBOU
Jean Astruc etl’Histoire naturelle de la Province de Languedoc


14 h 30
François BONNEL La segmentation hépatique par corrosion : Rapp 1953 (Montpellier), Couinaud 1954 (Paris)


15 h 00
François RENAUD
La peste : Yersinia pestis dans tous ses états


15 h 30
Teunis VAN HEININGEN
Charles de l'Écluse (1523-1609), Guillaume Rondelet et la fondation du Hortus medicus de l'Université de Leyde


16 h 00
Gérald CHANQUES
Sens historique du timbre-poste des « 800 ans de la plus ancienne Faculté de médecine au Monde-Université de Montpellier »

16 h 30
Conclusion des journées

 INSCRIPTIONS
Les inscriptions sont obligatoires (avant le 15 octobre 2020) afin de prévoir au mieux l’organisation des journées et les mesures de précaution adaptées.

lundi 21 septembre 2020

Les corps fertiles et reproducteurs


Humain et végétal : dire et penser les corps fertiles et reproducteurs de l’Antiquité à nos jours



Appel à communications
 
La journée d'étude « Humain et végétal : dire et penser les corps fertiles et reproducteurs de l’Antiquité à nos jours » a pour objectif d'étudier les discours et les représentations croisées sur la fertilité et la reproduction humaines et végétales, les métaphores, comparaisons et analogies développées depuis l'Antiquité sur ces phénomènes.


Argumentaire
Le végétal est un objet central dans l’environnement humain. Les sociétés humaines ont sans cesse cherché à comprendre, maîtriser, rationaliser et conceptualiser les végétaux qui les entourent et qui constituent une ressource capable de répondre à leurs usages quotidiens et vitaux. Humains et végétaux sont des organismes vivants organisés et possédant des caractéristiques morphologiques et physiologiques qui leur sont propres. Ainsi, l’un comme l’autre se développent, respirent, se nourrissent. C’est pourquoi scientifiques et penseur.euse.s ont spécialement investi la comparaison pour les nommer et les comprendre à travers leurs similitudes et leurs différences. En outre, l’approche comparative des corps humains et végétaux a fortement contribué à alimenter et à développer les discours, représentations, et imaginaires.

La fertilité en tant que faculté à se reproduire et, au-delà, la reproduction en tant qu’action par laquelle le vivant produit d’autres êtres vivants qui lui sont semblables sont des phénomènes traversés aussi bien par les humains que par le végétal. Dans cette perspective, les comparaisons entre le caractère sexué et les reproductions humaines et végétales font l’objet d’un grand nombre de discours et de représentations depuis l’Antiquité qui s’appuient à la fois sur des observations individuelles et des croyances collectives. A partir du XVIIIe siècle, quand la sexualité des plantes est découverte, on assiste à un accroissement et une diversification de la production scientifique sur ces thèmes. L’approche comparative irrigue alors les écrits, les images et les imaginaires et produit nombre d’analogies et de métaphores. Ce processus est à l’origine d’autant de sources et de documents que les chercheur.e.s en sciences humaines et sociales sont à même d’étudier.

Cette journée d’étude est l’occasion de mettre en évidence les liens entre la fertilité et la reproduction des corps humains et du végétal en tant que construction sociale mouvante et circulante. Ainsi, les communications examineront tout d’abord les relations entre fertilité et stérilité en tant que phénomènes opposés notamment sous l’angle de l’anormalité, de la marge ou encore de l’exclusion, tout autant de concepts susceptibles d’alimenter l’analyse de la norme de la fertilité. En outre, les questionnements en sciences humaines et sociales autour des notions de naturel et d’artificiel peuvent donner lieu à des présentations sur des applications liées à la maîtrise voire l’empêchement de la fertilité et de la stérilité dans le cas humain et dans le cas végétal.

Dans un second temps la journée d’étude prendra en compte les relations entre, d’une part, les temporalités et les âges de la vie et d’autre part la fertilité aussi bien chez les humains que chez les végétaux. De la naissance à la vieillesse en passant par l’enfance, l’adolescence et l’âge adulte, il s’agira de réfléchir à des applications et à des lectures croisées. Cet axe regroupera par exemple des échanges à propos de la saisonnalité, des cycles de la vie, de la pérennité voire de l’immortalité chez les humains comme chez les végétaux en problématisant toujours la place des éléments que sont la fertilité et la reproduction dans ces questions.

Enfin, la journée d’étude « Humain et végétal : dire et penser la fertilité et la reproduction de l’Antiquité à nos jours » portera sur la reproduction en tant que finalité de la fertilité. Le processus reproductif sera étudié à travers des interventions et des débats sur les générations en tant qu’ensemble de ceux qui descendent d’une même origine et/ou sur l’hybridité :comment les modes de reproduction du végétal ont-ils alimenté l’imaginaire humain ? A l’inverse, comment les discours et les pratiques du cas humain sur ces questions ont-ils pu être appliqués au végétal ?
Modalités pratiques

Cette journée d’étude est ouverte aux jeunes chercheur.e.s en histoire (doctorant.e.s, post-doctorant.e.s et jeunes docteur.e.s, travaillant sur toutes les périodes, de l’Antiquité à l’époque contemporaine). Cette perspective peut être élargie aux jeunes chercheur.e.s en littérature, histoire de l’art, sociologie et anthropologie en conservant une approche historique.

Les communications, d’une durée de 20 minutes maximum, pourront être au format classique ou axées sur une source particulière permettant l’analyse d’un des points mentionnés ci-dessus.

La journée d’étude met un point d’honneur à valoriser le travail scientifique de ses participant.e.s. Pour cette raison, il sera proposé aux intervenant.e.s qui le souhaitent de rédiger un court billet résumant leur présentation, lequel sera publié à la suite de l’événement scientifique sur le blog du laboratoire TEMOS. 

Les propositions de communication d’une page maximum doivent être envoyées avant le 30 octobre 2020.

Elles devront mentionner les noms, prénoms, universités et laboratoires de rattachement des candidat.e.s, et complétées par une courte biographie.

La journée d'étude aura lieu le 10 février 2021. Elle est organisée à l'Université d'Angers, dans le cadre du laboratoire TEMOS (Temps, Mondes, Sociétés - UMR 9016 CNRS)
 
Comité d'organisation
Louise Couëffe, doctorante en histoire contemporaine.
Anaïs Got, doctorante en histoire contemporaine.
Marion Roman, doctorante en histoire médiévale.
Philippine Valois, doctorante en histoire moderne.

Contact : je.humain.vegetal2021@gmail.com
 
 
Comité scientifique
Carole Avignon, maîtresse de conférences en histoire médiévale à l’Université d’Angers.
Yves Dénèchère, professeur d’histoire contemporaine à l’Université d’Angers.
Nahema Hanafi, maîtresse de conférences en histoire moderne à l’Université d’Angers.
Véronique Mehl, maîtresse de conférences en histoire ancienne à l’Université Bretagne Sud.
Cristiana Oghină-Pavie, maîtresse de conférences en histoire contemporaine à l’Université d’Angers.
Émilie-Anne Pépy, maîtresse de conférences en histoire moderne à l’Université Savoie Mont-Blanc.
Florent Quellier, professeur d’histoire moderne à l’Université d’Angers.

Histoires de toxicité

Histories of toxicity, pollution, and the environment in the Global South

Call for papers

We invite papers that focus on the environment, in the context of toxicity and pollution across the global south for the European Society for Environmental History, to be held in Bristol in 2021. Agrarian, urban, industrial, and other landscapes across the global south are experiencing increasing levels of pollution. Urban environments for instance, have witnessed the polluting of water bodies and toxic air. Industrial effluents and pesticides are well known contaminants of vast swathes of land across southern contexts. This panel argues for an environmental history of pollution and toxicity that intersects with questions of infrastructure, non-human agency, Anthropogenic and geological change and identity.

· Infrastructural systems, such as canals, power plants and ports have all been the source and conduits of toxicity. Yet, these systems produce a field of politics and are ensconced within the lands, waters and other elements that they occupy.

· Pollutants rarely affect only humans, but have far wider ramifications on animals, flora and fauna. They interact with the non-human world in complex ways, having unknown effects and create new phenomena.

· Long term studies of pollutants and toxins can reveal that their effects are not merely localized, but have planetary implications. This could be in terms of the long durée’, globalization of a pollutant or the replication of a phenomenon.

· Toxicity and pollution are shaped through class, gender, race and caste. Both are categories used as forms of stigma, to create inequity.

· Toxicants and pollutants can cause damage to environments and bodies in incremental, gradual ways that may be invisible or difficult to measure without necessary scientific instruments. This uncertainty underlines how access to resources enables the visibility of toxicity and pollution as well as its origin.

· The establishment of standardised regulations of toxicity and pollution as well as their compliance in the Global North was often possible because of their contravention in the Global South, further alerting us to the geographical unevenness of the Anthropocene in its historical entanglement with colonialism and global capitalism.

Confirmed panelists

Mattin Biglari’s paper will examine toxicity and the regulatory standards of occupational exposure at the Abadan oil refinery, c. 1950. It pays special attention to air pollution and controversies surrounding gas leaks of sulphur dioxide, showing how workers understood the incremental damage to their bodies that it caused and how the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company’s global operations benefited from this localised ‘slow violence’.

Aditya Ramesh’s paper looks at the history of urban rivers in Madras, a colonial port city located in the southeastern India. Tracing the history of the Cooum river, from 1850 to 1960, it examines the long and slow history of pollution, toxicity and social life around the river. It argues that the river emerged as commons in two kinds of ways. First, as a common sink for industries, agrarian landlords and urban home-owners to direct their waste into. Second, as nebulous land upon which the urban poor could settle, and establish precarious life of dwelling and earning livelihoods.

Please do write to aditya.ramesh@manchester.ac.uk in case you are interested in being a part of the panel.

dimanche 20 septembre 2020

Soldats et médecins à l'asile de Racconigi

Una guerra di nervi. Soldati e medici nel manicomio di Racconigi (1909-1919)
 
Fabio Milazzo 
 
Pacini Editore
Caratteristiche: 2020 • 15x21 cm • 288 pagine • brossura con bandelle 
ISBN: 978-88-6995-725-3



Sguardi sbarrati, allucinazioni, tremori, confusione mentale, depressione. Sono alcuni dei sintomi che i soldati investiti dalla potenza traumatica della Grande guerra manifestarono al momento del loro ingresso nel manicomio di Racconigi.

Chi decideva e come venivano organizzati i ricoveri? Come reagì la psichiatria italiana di fronte ai traumi bellici? Quali furono le diagnosi utilizzate per descrivere il fenomeno? Quale fu il ruolo delle famiglie degli internati?

Attraverso lo spoglio sistematico di vari fondi archivistici e l’esame di tutte le cartelle cliniche dei soldati, il volume intende rispondere a questi interrogativi, interpretando in sede locale dinamiche più generali riguardanti il rapporto tra esercito, disagio mentale e guerra.

samedi 19 septembre 2020

Maladies et pandémies dans la Rome antique

Malattie e pandemie nell’antica Roma. Cicerone, Plinio, Svetonio, Catone, Tacito, Marziale, Plauto, Seneca et alii 


Claudia Cerchiai Manodori Sagredo

 
L'Erma
Series: Studia Archaeologica, 240
Pages and Illustrations: 196, 2 b/w ill
Publication Year: 2020

Il volume esplora il tema delle malattie e pandemie dal punto di vista degli autori dellantichità classica. La selezione di citazioni riguardanti questa tematica, soddisfa la curiosità di tutti coloro che intendano approfondire l'inesauribile storia del nostro passato e costituisce uno strumento estremamente utile per gli storici della medicina. Una preziosa raccolta che consentirà di integrare tra loro informazioni provenienti da fonti diverse: documenti scritti, opere darte e reperti archeologici, inclusi i resti organici, oggetto di studio della paleopatologia. Particolare attenzione viene data alla vasta varietà di febbri e alle misure di contenimento delle malattie epidemiche.

vendredi 18 septembre 2020

Médecine antique et technologie

Ancien Medicine and Technology


Online Seminar Series 2020-2021
 

Organised by

Maria Gerolemou (University of Exeter, UK) / George Kazantzidis (University of Patras, Greece)

Contact: M.Gerolemou@exeter.ac.uk / gkazantzidis@upatras.gr


About this series

COVID-19 has affected our lives tremendously; it reminded us – more than any other recent event in history – of how vulnerable and exposed we are to what Susan Sontag calls the ‘onerous citizenship’ of illness, which everyone would be happy to renounce. The pandemic also changed the way we communicate and interact as an academic community of classicists, ancient historians and archaeologists.

The present series of online seminars, dedicated to exploring crucial aspects of medicine and technology in the ancient world, aspires to create a virtual space of dialogue for all those interested in the sciences of antiquity. Our aim is to revisit ancient notions of health and illness, human ingenuity and craftsmanship, and to ponder how others before us have wrestled with the grim reality of disease but also how they have used technê to make their lives better—or at least more endurable.

The series consists of 12 talks which will be held via Zoom. Registration – via Eventbrite – for the first three talks will open on September 10. You can register by clicking on the title of each talk.
 

Schedule

29 September 2020, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)
Introduction to ancient Greek automata
Theodosis P. Tasios (Academy of Athens). Respondent: Tatiana Bur (University of Cambridge)

26 October 2020, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)
Aristotelian science and Hippocratic gynaecology
Sophia Connell (Birkbeck, University of London). Respondent: Elisa Groff (University of Exeter)

27 November 2020, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)
Archytas’ dove in context: An investigation of the non-human agency between paradoxography, encyclopedism, and mechanics in the ancient world
Marco Vespa (University of Fribourg). Respondent: Isabel Ruffell (University of Glasgow)

17 December 2020, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)
Technology and Disability
Christian Laes (University of Manchester). Respondent: Jane Draycott (University of Glasgow)

28 January 2021, 17:00 p.m. (UK time)
Genos between phusis and technê
Emanuela Bianchi (New York University). Respondent: Gabriele Galluzzo (University of Exeter)

25 February 2021, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)
Mercury in late antique and medical sources: practice and theory
Matteo Martelli (University of Bologna). Respondent: David Leith (University of Exeter)

22 March 2021, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)
Ancient cabinet of curiosities
Véronique Dasen (University of Fribourg). Respondent: Dunstan Lowe (University of Kent)

15 April 2021, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)

Medicine in ancient Cyprus: the archaeological evidence
Demetres Michaelides (University of Cyprus). Respondent: Daniel King (University of Exeter)

3 May 2021, 17:00 p.m. (UK time)
Copper and human health in the Chalcolithic, the classical, and the age of COVID
Julie Laskaris (University of Richmond). Respondent: Colin Webster (UC Davis)

25 May 2021, 17:00 p.m. (UK time)
The Roman physician and the knowledge of the patient
Lauren Caldwell (UMass Amherst). Respondent: Chiara Blanco (University of Oxford)

24 June 2021, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)
Navigating between abstraction and observation: using astrolabes, globes and mirrors in the medieval Mediterranean
Divna Manolova (The University of York). Respondent: Karen ní Mheallaigh (Johns Hopkins University)

5 July 2021, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)
Nutrition in ancient medicine
John Wilkins (University of Exeter). Respondent: Laurence Totelin (Cardiff University)

Hosted by the University of Exeter

Festival d'histoire de la pharmacie

A New Social History of Pharmacy & Pharmaceuticals Festival



The American Institute of the History of Pharmacy and the University of Wisconsin–Madison School of Pharmacy are pleased to host the virtual festival, A New Social History of Pharmacy & Pharmaceuticals. The Festival will be a free online streaming event running from Thursday, September 24 through Tuesday, September 29, 2020.

Registration for the Festival is now open! Please click on the button below to submit your free registration and to reserve your spot at Festival events.
 

For questions or more information, please contact: aihp@aihp.org.

 
This five-day interdisciplinary Festival aims to generate a discussion related to the under-explored social history of pharmacy and pharmaceuticals. We hope the contributed paper panels, books talks, and invited Festival talks will stimulate/connect new scholarship as well as place a spotlight on emerging trends in the studies of pharmaceuticals, drugs, and alcohol more broadly. At the conclusion of the Festival, links to video recordings of the panels and presentations will be available below.

Festival Hashtag: To create a conversation surrounding Festival events and presentations, please use the hashtag #PharmFest when posting about the Festival on Twitter, Facebook, and other social media platforms.

Instructions for contributed paper presentations: Presentations during the virtual conference should be “to the point” and as succinct as possible. Presenters should aim to give about a 15-minute oral presentation. There will be approximately 10 minutes at the end of each contributed paper panel for a question-and-answer period.

Please consider a donation to AIHP to help support future programming like the New Social History of Pharmacy & Pharmaceuticals Festival. 

Publishing

The papers presented at A New Social History of Pharmacy & Pharmaceuticals Festival will be considered for publication in joint special issues of Pharmacy in History, The Social History of Alcohol and Drugs, and the Canadian Bulletin of Medical History.

Instructions for manuscript submissions: Festival authors should submit manuscripts for publication consideration in Pharmacy in History,Social History of Alcohol and Drugs, and the Canadian Bulletin of Medical History by August 21, 2020. Papers should be between 8,000–10,000 words; use footnotes; follow Chicago citation style; and use the conventions of historical writing (ie., no ‘methods’ or ‘results’ sections). After papers are received, the editors of the journals will decide on the placements of each manuscript.

For those participants not yet ready to publish to a full manuscript, please consider sending your work to Points, the blog of the Alcohol and Drug History Society. For further information and guidance, please contact Emily Dufton, the managing editor, or reach out to any of us at AIHP.

A New Social History of Pharmacy & Pharmaceuticals Festival Preliminary Schedule

All times are Central Time (-2 Pacific, +1 Eastern, +6 HRS GMT).

All participants will need to register for the online events. Registration information forthcoming. Registration is free.

Program subject to change. Download a .pdf version of the Festival program. Last Updated 9/8/2020.


Day 1—Thursday, September 24, 2020

9:00–10:00 AM: Festival Opening—New Directions

Host: Lucas Richert, University of Wisconsin–Madison and editor Pharmacy in History
Presenters:
Axel Helmstädter, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main & President of International Society for the History of Pharmacy
Erika Dyck, University of Saskatchewan and editor Canadian Bulletin of Medical History
Nancy Campbell, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and editor Social History of Alcohol and Drugs


10:30–11:00 AM: Invited Book Talk—Know Your Remedies: Pharmacy and Culture in Early Modern China (Princeton University Press, 2020)

Host: Rima Apple, University of Wisconsin–Madison

Author and Presenter: He Bian, Princeton University
Abstract: In Know Your Remedies, He Bian presents a panoramic inquiry into China’s early modern cultural transformation through the lens of pharmacy. In the history of science and civilization in China, pharmacy—as a commercial enterprise and as a branch of classical medicine—resists easy characterization. While China’s long tradition of documenting the natural world through state-commissioned pharmacopeias, known as bencao, dwindled after the sixteenth century, the ubiquitous presence of Chinese pharmacy shops around the world today testifies to the vitality of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

12:00 noon–1:00 PM: Panel 1—Contested Drug Markets

Panel Chair: Axel Helmstädter, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
Presenters:
Richard Del Rio, Florida State University: “Since When is Being a Drug Dealer a Bad Thing?: Race and the Criminalization of a Title in Early Twentieth Century America”
Joseph Gabriel, Florida State University: “Dangerous Markets: Risk and the Origins of ‘Ethical’ Pharmacy”
Mariana Broglia de Moura, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales: “Pharmacy’s Controls and Resistances During Brazilian Dictatorship”

1:30–2:30 PM: Publishing Landscapes Roundtable Discussion

Host: Lucas Richert, University of Wisconsin–Madison and American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
Presenters:

Toni Gunnison, University of Wisconsin Press
Kyla Madden, McGill-Queen’s University Press
Arnab Chakraborty, Medical History and Social History of Alcohol and Drugs

3:00–4:00 PM: Panel 2—Drug Regulation, Knowledge, and Use

Panel Chair: John Parascandola, University of Maryland, College Park
Presenters:

Nidia A. Olvera Hernández, Mora Institute (Mexico City): “The Mexican Pharmacopeia: The Inclusion of Psychoactive Natural Drugs in the Official Medicine (1846–1930)”
Christopher Blakley, University of California, Los Angeles: “Mkaumwa, Calumba and Miami Columbo: Slavery and Expropriated Pharmacology from the Swahili Coast to the Ohio Valley”
Michael Lewis, Christopher Newport University: “From Bar Rooms to Drug Stores to Dispensaries: The Evolutionary Response to the Liquor Problem in Athens Georgia, 1891” “Age of Drugs” cartoon from Puck in 1900. The Saloon Keeper says, “The kind of drunkard I make is going out of style. I can’t begin to compete with this fellow.” 


Day 2—Friday, September 25, 2020

8:30–9:00 AM: Invited Festival Talk—”Formula Magistralis and the Battle between David and Goliath: The Dutch Pharmacist Versus the International Pharmaceutical Industry, 1865-2020″

Host: Jeremy Greene, Institute of the History of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University
Presenter: Toine Pieters, Utrecht University


9:30–10:30 AM: Panel 3—Decolonizing Drugs from the South

Panel Chair: Maziyar Ghiabi, University of Exeter and SOAS, University of London
Presenters:
Thembisa Waetjen, University of Johannesburg: “Apartheid’s War on Cannabis”
Athos Vieira, IESP/UERJ, “Cocaine and the Night: The Social Life of a Drug in Rio de Janeiro during Brazil’s First Republic, 1885–1920”
María-Clara Torres, Stony Brook University: “The Twilight and Revival of Coca: Northern Cauca, Colombia, 1950s–1980s”

11:00 AM–12:00 Noon: Panel 4—Pain, Treatments, and Chinese Drugs

Panel Chair: Lucas Richert, University of Wisconsin–Madison and American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
Presenters:
Jim Mills, University of Strathclyde: “The Asian Cocaine Crisis: Capitalism and Colonialism in Conflict, c. 1900–c. 1916”
Rafaela Zorzanelli, State University of Rio de Janeiro/Brazi & Utrecht University (Visiting Scholar): “‘My Benzo is like my Grandmother’s Chamomile Tea’ – Approaching Chronic Use of Tranquilizers in Rio de Janeiro/Brazil”
Shu Wan, University of Iowa: “Chinese Physicians’ Discovery and (Un)reception of Ephedrine between the 1920s and 1930s”

1:00–2:00 PM: Panel 5—Trends in Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice

Panel Chair: Gregory J. Higby, University of Wisconsin–Madison and American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
Presenters:
Christian Brown & Ben Urick, University of North Carolina: “Capitation for Pharmacy Services: A Bold New Idea with a 40-Year History”
Johanne Collin, University of Montreal: “Gender and Pharmacy: Feminization and Transformation of the Canadian Pharmaceutical Profession since the 1950s”
Michael Oldani, Concordia University Wisconsin: “The Im/Possibleness of Radical Deprescribing: Can Pharmacy Take Back the Script?”

2:30–3:30 PM: AIHP Early Career Roundtable Conversation

Panel Chair: Paula De Vos, San Diego State University
Presenters:
Naomi Rendina, Case Western Reserve University (PhD 2020) and American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
Jacob Green, University of California, Los Angeles
Barbara Di Gennaro, Yale University
Aileen T. Teague, Texas A&M University

3:45–4:15 PM: Invited Festival Talk—”Doing Drugs in Socialist East Germany”

Host: Emily Dufton, George Washington University
Presenter: Markus Wahl, Institute for the History of Medicine, Stuttgart
“False Friends with Fair Faces” cartoon from 1916 NARD People’s Almanac.

 
Day 3—Saturday, September 26, 2020

8:00–9:00 AM: Panel 6—Shortages and Knowledge: Southeast Asian Perspectives

Panel Chair: Laurence Monnais, Université de Montréal
Presenters:
Gani Jaelani, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung: “Testing the Chanted Water: Medical-Based Experiment on Traditional Pharmaceutical Knowledge”
Malika Basu, Kalna College, University of Burdwan (West Bengal): “Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Education in Colonial India: Understanding the History of a Historical Science”
Nishanth Kunnukattil Shaji, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute: “Grappling with Morphine: A Local History of Painkiller Use in Kerala, India”

9:30–10:30 AM: Panel 7—Traditional and Early Modern Drug Knowledge

Panel Chair: Matthew Crawford, Kent State University
Presenters:
Edoardo Pierini, University of Geneva: “Different People, Different Addictions: The Recognition of Different Cultures of Intoxication in Early Modern Medicine”
Pedro Carlessi, University of São Paulo: “Neotraditional Medications: Ethnographic Contributions to the Conceptual Definition”
Julia Nurse, Wellcome Collection: “The Healing Power of Colour: Pigments as Potions in the Early Modern Period”

11:00 AM–12:00 Noon: Panel 8—Objects, Museums, and Names

Panel Chair: Briony Hudson, Independent Historian and Museum Curator
Presenters:
Laura Robson-Mainwaring, The National Archives (UK): “‘Own Name,’ ‘No Name,’ and ‘the Plague of Fancy Names’ in the Pharmaceutical Market c. 1870–1920”
Violetta Barbashina, Sloan Kettering: “‘…In Charity, for the Sake of Charity, and with Charity’: The Ointment Jar and the Virtue of Caritas in the Apothecary’s Practice”
Katarzyna Jarosz, University of Logistics and Transport in Wrocław: “The Development of Museums of Pharmacy in Post-Soviet Countries”


1:00–1:30 PM: Invited Book Talk—Compound Remedies: Galenic Pharmacy from the Ancient Mediterranean to New Spain (University of Pittsburgh Press, 2020)

Host: Petros Bouras-Vallianatos, University of Edinburgh

Author and Presenter: Paula De Vos, San Diego State University
Abstract: In Compound Remedies, Paula De Vos examines the equipment, books, and remedies of colonial Mexico City’s Herrera pharmacy—natural substances with known healing powers that formed the basis for modern-day healing traditions and home remedies in Mexico. The book traces the evolution of the Galenic pharmaceutical tradition from its foundations in Ancient Greece to the physician-philosophers of the Islamic empires in the medieval Latin West and eventually through the Spanish Empire to Mexico, offering a global history of the transmission of these materials, knowledges, and techniques.

1:45–2:45 PM: Panel 9—Breakthroughs and Ethics

Panel Chair: TBD
Presenters:
Pierre-Marie David, Université de Montréal: “Une décennie de ruptures de stock en médicaments au Canada 2010–2020: causes et effets d’une situation de moins en moins exceptionnelle Le cas des anti—cancéreux”
Jordan Liz, San Jose State University: “Pharmacogenetics and the Politics of Race: Conceptualizing Health, Purity, and Miscegenation in the US and Brazil”
Cheryl Krasnick Warsh, Vancouver Island University: “Dr. Frances Kelsey and the Animals: A Case Study of the Evolution of Pharmacology in the 20th Century”


3:30–4:00 PM: Invited Book Talk—OD: Naloxone and the Politics of Overdose (The MIT Press: 2020)

Host: Joseph Gabriel, Florida State University

Author and Presenter: Nancy Campbell, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Abstract: In OD, Nancy Campbell charts the emergence of naloxone as a technological fix for overdose and describes the remaking of overdose into an experience recognized as common, predictable, patterned—and, above all, preventable. Naloxone, which made resuscitation, rescue, and “reversal” after an overdose possible, became a tool for shifting law, policy, clinical medicine, and science toward harm reduction

 
Day 4—Monday, September 28, 2020

9:00–10:00 AM: Panel 10—Medicine vs. Drugs: African Perspectives

Panel Chair: TBD
Presenters:
Jo-Ansie Van Wyk, University of South Africa: “Radiopharmaceuticals in South Africa: From Apartheid’s Atoms to Ubuntu’s Isotopes?”
Phumla Innocent Nkosi, University of Johannesburg: “A Picture of Dagga Policing in Mid-Century South Africa (1932–1960)”
Muhammad Wada, Bayero University (Kano, Nigeria): “Internal Outsiders, Domestic Politics and the Campaign against Drug Abuse in Kano State, Northern Nigeria, 1999–2015”

10:45–11:15 AM: Invited Festival Talk—”Vaccines & Epidemics: Successes & Crises from Smallpox to COVID-19″

Host: Arthur Daemmrich, Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation, Smithsonian Institution
Presenter: John Grabenstein, Merck Vaccines (retired) and American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
1840s French cartoon by Cham lampoons profiteering pharmacists and doctors struggling to keep “la Grippe” (influenza) in Paris.

 
Day 5—Tuesday, September 29, 2020

9:00–9:30 AM: Invited Book Talk—Taming Cannabis: French Pharmacy, Cannabis, and Exotic Drugs (McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2020)

Host: Erika Dyck, University of Saskatchewan

Author and Presenter: David Guba, Bard High School Early College
Abstract: In Taming Cannabis, David Guba examines how nineteenth-century French authorities routinely blamed hashish consumption, especially among Muslim North Africans, for behavior deemed violent and threatening to the social order. This association of hashish with violence became the primary impetus for French pharmacists and physicians to tame the drug and deploy it in the homeopathic treatment of mental illness and epidemic disease during the 1830s and 1840s.

10:00–11:00 AM: Panel 11—Advertising Drugs and Pharmacy

Panel Chair: David Herzberg, University at Buffalo
Presenters:
Erika Dyck, University of Saskatchewan, and Mat Savelli, McMaster University: “Methodological Challenges in the History of Drug Advertising”
Jacques Guyot, Icahn School of Medicine at Mt. Sinai (NY): “‘This Formidable Foe Now Has a Conqueror’: Patent Medicine Advertising in British Guiana, 1880-1920”
Wouter Klein, Freudenthal Institute, Utrecht University: “Newspaper Advertising and the Start of A Global Market for Drugs in the 18th Century”