mercredi 24 février 2021

Le dernier numéro d'History of Psychiatry

History of Psychiatry

Volume 32 Issue 1, March 2021




Articles
 

The history of mental health policy in Turkey: tradition, transition and transformation

Merve Kardelen Bilir, Fatih Artvinli
 

The mentally ill and how they were perceived in young Israel

Oded Heilbronner

How did mental health become so biomedical? The progressive erosion of social determinants in historical psychiatric admission registers
Fritz Handerer, Peter Kinderman, Carsten Timmermann, Sara J Tai

‘Psychosis of civilization’: a colonial-situated diagnosis
Marianna Scarfone

Sexual abuse by superintending staff in the nineteenth-century lunatic asylum: medical practice, complaint and risk
Cara Dobbing, Alannah Tomkins

‘The voice of the stomach’: the mind, hypochondriasis and theories of dyspepsia in the nineteenth century

E Allen Driggers


Classic Text No. 125

‘My insanity in the year 1783’, by C.S. Andresen (1801)

Johan Schioldann, GE Berrios


Essay Review

Africanization versus transculturalism: examples from history
Afolarin Awodiya


Book Reviews

Book Review: Diana Peschier, Lost Souls: Women, Religion and Mental Illness in the Victorian Asylum

Dan Degerman

Book Review: Martin Summers, Madness in the City of Magnificent Intentions: A History of Race and Mental Illness in the Nation’s Capital
Wendy Gonaver

Book Review: Deborah Blythe Doroshow, Emotionally Disturbed: A History of Caring for America’s Troubled Children
Abbey Jin, Diana Tran


Research on the history of psychiatry

Research on the history of psychiatry



Obituary

Jean Garrabé de Lara (1931–2020)

Dr Humberto Casarotti

Santé, maladie et environnements américains modernes

Health, Disease, and Early American Environments

A Panel Discussion

Authors: Molly Nebiolo, Northeastern University; Camden Elliott, Harvard University
Comment: Thomas Wickman, Trinity College

Tuesday 2 March
5:15 PM

Virtual Event - hosted by the Massachusetts Historical Society

Register

This panel discussion brings together the histories of health, disease, and the environment to cast new light on key sites of Colonial American history. Molly Nebiolo’s research highlights how health and medical knowledge impacted the creation of early Atlantic cities. By examining the colonial history of promotional narratives, both written and spatial, her paper argues that health and well-being were fundamental ideas for the settlement of Philadelphia and Charleston. Camden Elliott’s paper recasts the history of the Stono Slave Rebellion through the lens of environmental history. Placing mosquitoes (and their pathogens) in a supporting role to a slave war in South Carolina, he investigates how yellow fever helped set the stage for resistance and malaria shielded maroons in the rebellion’s aftermath.

The Pauline Maier Early American History Seminar invites you to join the conversation on Tuesday 2 March at 5:15 PM. The seminar brings together a diverse group of scholars and interested members of the public to workshop pre-circulated papers. After brief remarks from the author and an assigned commentator, the discussion is opened to the floor. All are encouraged to ask questions, provide feedback on the circulated essay, and discuss the topic at hand. Our sessions are free and open to everyone. Register above to attend, and you will receive a confirmation message with instructions for attending the virtual session. Please check your junk mail if you do not see this message, or contact the MHS for assistance.

Subscribers for the current year may now log in to access the papers for this session. All others who register will receive the papers by email the day before the seminar.

Want to receive advanced copies of seminar papers? Become a subscriber!

Questions? Email seminars@masshist.org.

mardi 23 février 2021

Histoires de la sexologie

Histories of sexology today: Reimagining the boundaries of scientia sexualis


History of the Human Sciences, Volume 34 Issue 1, February 2021


Guest Editor: Kirsten Leng and Katie Sutton



Introduction

Histories of sexology today: Reimagining the boundaries of scientia sexualis
Kirsten Leng, Katie Sutton


Articles

More than a case of mistaken identity: Adult entertainment and the making of early sexology

Sarah Bull 

The potency of the butterfly: The reception of Richard B. Goldschmidt’s animal experiments in German sexology around 1920
Ina Linge

The unexpected American origins of sexology and sexual science: Elizabeth Osgood Goodrich Willard, Orson Squire Fowler, and the scientification of sex

Benjamin Kahan

Cold War Pavlov: Homosexual aversion therapy in the 1960s

Kate Davison

Kinsey and the psychoanalysts: Cross-disciplinary knowledge production in post-war US sex research

Katie Sutton

 

Genre, santé et masculinités

Genre, santé et masculinités 

Appel à contributions

Histoire, médecine et santé
https://journals.openedition.org/hms/


Depuis les années 1990, de nombreux travaux se sont consacrés à la masculinité et à la virilité  au sein de l’histoire du genre. Ces recherches ont permis de défaire un clivage faisant de l’histoire des femmes le seul objet possible des études de genre et d’en enrichir les interprétations. Elles mettent également en perspective la nécessité de considérer l’agency des femmes et de problématiser une approche les présentant comme des figures passives d’une histoire essentiellement masculine. L’histoire du genre a permis, de surcroît, de souligner que les hommes sont aussi des objets d’une pensée dichotomique du masculin versus féminin qui les assigne constamment à une définition normée de la masculinité et de la virilité.

En contraste avec l’importante littérature concernant la médicalisation des maladies des femmes, la santé des hommes reste un pan de recherche encore peu exploré par l’historiographie. L’insuffisance de réflexions sur la santé des hommes est d’autant plus surprenante que l’histoire de la médecine s’est d’abord écrite au masculin et que l’épidémiologie sociale met en évidence, depuis les années 1970, une surmortalité masculine liée à leurs statuts sociaux et professionnels.

Nous souhaitons que ce numéro thématique questionne l’intersection des rapports sociaux (notamment de genre, de classe et de race) pour dévoiler l’imbrication entre pouvoirs, savoirs et pratiques de santé. Il va de soi qu'il n'est donc pas du tout question ici d'adopter une posture masculiniste ou antiféministe. À partir des masculinités, il s'agit bien de problématiser le rôle de la médecine dans la construction de la différence sexuelle à travers l’histoire et de l'interroger de façon critique. La périodisation est ici ouverte : nous sommes intéressées par des contributions qui traitent de cette problématique de l’Antiquité à la période contemporaine.

Diverses pistes pourront être explorées :

• Historiographie de la médecine : Comment périodiser une histoire de la santé qui prenne en compte les masculinités ? Comment le concept de masculinités permet-il de repenser l’histoire de la médecine et des soins ?

• Permanence des représentations et pratiques cliniques : Comment analyser le poids des permanences et des éventuelles ruptures dans les savoirs et dans les pratiques cliniques autour des maladies des hommes ? Comment évaluer le décalage entre discours et pratiques et mettre en lumière le processus de fabrication et de circulation des diagnostics ?

• Intersectionnalité, colonialisme et rapports de pouvoir : Comment penser les masculinités à l’aune des systèmes de santé dans les espaces coloniaux et postcoloniaux ? Comment questionner la dichotomie entre des savoirs locaux, traditionnels et autochtones d’une part et des savoirs occidentaux, modernes et scientifiques d’autre part ? Comment l’intersectionnalité permet-elle de questionner les catégories nosologiques, analyses épidémiologiques autour de la santé masculine ?

Conditions de soumission

Les propositions de contribution, d’une longueur de 4 000 signes (espaces compris) accompagnées d’une courte biographie, devront être envoyées le 15 avril 2021 au plus tard à santemasculinehms@gmail.com

Les articles peuvent être soumis en langues française ou anglaise.

Les réponses parviendront avant le 30 mai 2021 et les auteurices retenu.e.s auront alors jusqu’au 1er septembre 2021 pour rédiger leur article d’après les consignes de la revue (cliquer ici pour plus d’informations). Les articles seront par la suite évalués en double aveugle. La publication du numéro spécial est prévue pour l'automne 2022.

Comité scientifique

Francesca Arena (iEH2/Maison de l’Histoire, Université de Genève), Camille Bajeux (IHM, Université de Lausanne/Institut des Etudes genre, Université de Genève), Joelle Schwartz (Unisanté/FBM, Université de Lausanne) et Aude Fauvel (IHM-CHUV/FBM, Université de Lausanne).

lundi 22 février 2021

Chirurgie et identité dans l'Angleterre moderne

Surgery and Selfhood in Early Modern England. Altered Bodies and Contexts of Identity

 
Alanna Skuse


Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Online publication date: February 2021
Print publication year: 2021
Online ISBN: 9781108919395
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108919395

Offering an innovative perspective on early modern debates concerning embodiment, Alanna Skuse examines diverse kinds of surgical alteration, from mastectomy to castration, and amputation to facial reconstruction. Body-altering surgeries had profound socio-economic and philosophical consequences. They reached beyond the physical self, and prompted early modern authors to develop searching questions about the nature of body integrity and its relationship to the soul: was the body a part of one's identity, or a mere 'prison' for the mind? How was the body connected to personal morality? What happened to the altered body after death? Drawing on a wide variety of texts including medical treatises, plays, poems, newspaper reports and travel writings, this volume will argue the answers to these questions were flexible, divergent and often surprising, and helped to shape early modern thoughts on philosophy, literature, and the natural sciences. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.

Cahiers François Viète

Appel à proposition : articles varia & volumes thématiques pour les Cahiers François Viète

Créés en 1999, les Cahiers François Viète, revue généraliste en épistémologie et histoire des sciences et des techniques, publient des articles originaux, en français ou en anglais, de l'Antiquité à l'époque contemporaine, sous la forme de dossiers thématiques ou de volumes d’articles varia. Des articles varia sont de plus régulièrement publiés à la fin des dossiers thématiques. Chaque volume existe en version papier et en version numérique. La revue est également ouverte à des propositions d'articles concernant, plus largement, l'étude des sciences et des techniques par les différentes sciences humaines et sociales (sociologie, anthropologie, géographie, littérature et civilisations, etc.). Elle est dotée depuis 2016 d'un comité de lecture international et tous les articles soumis font l'objet d'une double expertise en aveugle.



Toutes les informations concernant les Cahiers François Viète ainsi que les articles parus depuis 1999 sont en ligne sur le site web du Centre François Viète : www.cfv.univ-nantes.fr/cahiers.

Voici quelques exemples de volumes thématiques publiés récemment :

- La classification comme pratique scientifique (vol. III-1, 2016)
- From Bench to Brand and Back: The Co-Shaping of Materials and Chemists in the 20th century (vol. III-2, 2017)
- History of Astronomy in Portugal (vol. III-3, 2017)
- Histoire et épistémologie des sciences de la terre (vol. III-5, 2018)
- La fin du monde, de la théorie à l’expérience vécue (vol. III-7, 2019)
- Rivages et horizons techniques des mondes atlantiques au vingtième siècle (vol. III-8, 2020)

- Vingt ans d'histoire des sciences et des techniques (vol. III-9, 2020)


Le comité de rédaction des Cahiers François Viète lance un appel à proposition de volume thématique pour les numéros III-14 à III-17 (soumission des textes entre le fin de l’année 2021 et 2022, publication en 2023 et 2024). Les collègues intéressé·e·s sont invité·e·s à compléter le document joint et à l'envoyer à l'adresse cahiers-francois-viete@univ-nantes.fr avant le 1er mars 2021. Le comité de rédaction répondra aux différentes propositions dans le courant du mois de mars 2021. Pour toute question, nous vous invitons à nous contacter à la même adresse.



Par ailleurs, il est possible de soumettre des articles varia au fil de l’eau, les propositions reçues étant examinées à chaque réunion du comité de rédaction, au printemps et à l’automne de chaque année. Lorsque les expertises sont positives ou ne demandent que des modifications mineures, le délai de publication d'un article varia est normalement de 12 à 18 mois.



-----------------


Call for proposals: varia articles & thematic volumes of Cahiers François Viète

Created in 1999, Cahiers François Viète, a generalist journal in epistemology and the history of science and technology, publishes original articles, in French or English, from Antiquity to the contemporary period, in the form of thematic dossiers or varia volumes of articles. In addition, varia articles are regularly published at the end of the thematic dossiers. Each volume is available in paper and digital versions. The journal is also open to proposals for articles concerning, more broadly, the study of science and technology by the various human and social sciences (sociology, anthropology, geography, literature and civilisations, etc.). Since 2016, it has had an international reading committee and all articles submitted are subject to a double blind expertise.

All information concerning the Cahiers François Viète as well as articles published since 1999 are available online on the Centre François Viète website: www.cfv.univ-nantes.fr/cahiers

Here are some examples of recently published thematic volumes:

- La classification comme pratique scientifique (vol. III-1, 2016)
- From Bench to Brand and Back: The Co-Shaping of Materials and Chemists in the 20th century (vol. III-2, 2017)
- History of Astronomy in Portugal (vol. III-3, 2017)
- Histoire et épistémologie des sciences de la terre (vol. III-5, 2018)
- La fin du monde, de la théorie à l’expérience vécue (vol. III-7, 2019)
- Rivages et horizons techniques des mondes atlantiques au vingtième siècle (vol. III-8, 2020)

- Vingt ans d'histoire des sciences et des techniques (vol. III-9, 2020)



The Editorial board of Cahiers François Viète is publishing a call for proposals for a thematic volume for issues III-14 to III-17 (submission of texts between the end of 2021 and 2022 and publication in 2023 and 2024). Interested colleagues are invited to complete the attached document and send it to cahiers-francois-viete@univ-nantes.fr before 1 March 2021. The Editorial board will respond to the various proposals in March 2021. If you have any questions, please contact us at the same address.



In addition, it is possible to submit varia articles on a regular basis, with the proposals received being reviewed at each editorial board meeting in the spring and autumn of each year. In the case of positive reviews or those requiring minor modifications, the deadline for publication of a varia article is 12 to 18 months.







dimanche 21 février 2021

La médecine moderne et ses modes de disqualification

The Fear of Being Duped. Modern Medicine and its Modes of Disqualification. 

Talk by Katrin Solhdju
 
Wednesday 24 February 2021
1:00 PM 

Abstract: In The Will to Believe (1896), the pragmatist philosopher William James asserts the following: “Science”, he writes, “has organized its nervousness of being duped ‘into a regular technique, the so-called method of verification, and she has fallen so deeply in love with the method that we may even say she has ceased to care for the truth by itself at all’.” It seems to me that this diagnosis is particularly to the point with respect to modern medicine, which since its historical beginnings has constituted itself in opposition to practices henceforth (dis)qualified as charlatanism. With my lecture, I would like to raise awareness for the various modalities that procedures of disqualification have taken on in the field of disease, health, and healing – historically and until today. The hypothesis I would like to pursue, taking up James’ diagnosis, is that the readiness and apparent necessity for disqualifying others and their (therapeutic) practices has all too often been nourished by a fear of being duped rather than by an earnest ‘care for the truth itself ’. Where does this fear stem from and what are its characteristics? Could it be interpreted as being one of the constitutive motors for epistemic injustices to persist, and of our difficulties to think beyond them? And if so, what would be required in order for us to begin taming the destructive effects of this fear?

L'éducation médicale dans les empires

Teaching to Treat: Medical Education in the Empires (18th-20th centuries)

Call for abstracts



2-Day Workshop - 21 & 22 June 2021

Abstract submission deadline: 8 March 2021

This event will be held online - registration details will be posted closer to the time

Applications for the workshop should be sent in English, and should include the title, 300-word abstract, and institutional affiliation. They should be sent to hohee.cho@st-hughs.ox.ac.uk and martin.robert@wolfson.ox.ac.uk no later than 8 March 2021.

To participate in the workshop, the confirmed participants will be asked to submit to all the other participants a draft version of their article in English based on their research by the end of May. The workshop will take the form of a discussion involving all participants to share constructive feedback on the pre-circulated drafts.

This online workshop aims to bring together early career researchers to share their research into the history of colonial medical education. While the application is open to all, the committee particularly encourages those focusing on the 18th-20th century British and French Empires. It will prioritise research projects based on archives in colonies or former colonies. The workshop will take the format of discussions of pre-circulated, short papers (drafts) prepared by all participants. We plan to publish a selection of workshop papers as a special issue in a peer-reviewed journal.

Numerous recent studies on the history of medicine in European empires have addressed the interactions between the colonisers and the colonial population in the field of health, race, diseases, epidemics, pharmacopoeias and remedies. With these themes in mind, this workshop focuses on institutions - special attention paid to colonial medical schools - that structured the medical body over time. This focus will allow us to gain a better understanding of the genesis of the contemporary medical profession and the role of empires in the process. In this perspective, we hope to approach medicine less as a set of care activities and more as an institutionalised construction of exclusive professional bodies, characterised in the contemporary period by strong intercontinental mobility and which defines the standards to be respected in order to belong to it.

We aim to invite case studies of as many colonies as possible within the time period under study to show the diverse colonial settings and the complexity of the imperial dynamics, which in turn will allow for comparative analyses. From the 18th century onwards, medical schools became the points of reference for medical training in the British and French empires. Escalating imperial competition, notably between Britain and France, generated intense circulation of medical practitioners tasked with caring for troops and local populations on almost all continents. The chronology of inter-imperial wars often crossed that of famine and epidemics, creating a set of conditions in which projects of institutions for medical training took shape in colonies. In peacetime, medical schools functioned as a training hub for colonial elites. Many of these projects established medical schools in former colonies that are active to this day. This workshop will try to map these institutions of medical training and to revisit their inception through the history of empires.

Possible topics may include:
  • The establishment of medical schools in colonies
  • Interactions between metropoles and colonies in medical education
  • Teaching personnel involved in medical education
  • Medical curricula
  • Structures and architecture of imperial medical schools
  • Accounts of student population
  • Comparative studies of medical education between colonies and/or empires

Participants are asked to submit drafts of research in English to participate in the workshop. Applications for the workshop, however, may be sent in either English or French, including the title, 300-word abstract, and institutional affiliation.

Applications should be sent to hohee.cho@st-hughs.ox.ac.uk and martin.robert@wolfson.ox.ac.uk no later than 8 March 2021.