lundi 13 juillet 2020

Le monde du médicament à l'aube de l'ère industrielle

Le monde du médicament à l'aube de l'ère industrielle: Les enjeux de la prescription médicamenteuse de la fin du XVIIIe au début du XIXe siècle



 Pascale Gramain



Publishroom
2020

Les enjeux de la prescription médicamenteuse en France entre la fin du XVIIIe et le début du XIXe siècle. Les enjeux professionnels, sociaux, politiques et épistémologiques de la prescription médicamenteuse en France entre la fin du XVIIIe et le début du XIXe siècle trouvent à s'exprimer dans deux lieux distincts : les ordonnances médicales et les instances de labellisation des remèdes. Après le description des différents types de prescripteurs potentiels, un corpus d'ordonnances est analysé.

Les instances de labellisation sont étudiées principalement par les archives de la Société Royale de Médecine, la situation post-révolutionnaire étant confuse jusqu'à l'instauration en 1820, de l'Académie de Médecine. Les enjeux de la prescription médicamenteuse sont des enjeux de société et rendent nécessaire une vision holiste de celle-ci. Une thèse en épistémologie, Histoire des sciences et Techniques.

Prix de thèse de l'IUHPST/DHST

2021 DHST Dissertation Prize

Call for applications

The International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, Division of History of Science and Technology (IUHPST/DHST), invites submissions for the sixth DHST Dissertation Prize to be presented in July 2021. Initiated at the 22nd International Congress of History of Science in 2005 held in Beijing, IUHPST/DHST now awards the prize every two years. Up to three awards for recent Ph.D. historians of science and technology will recognize outstanding doctoral dissertations completed and filed between 1 September 2018 and 1 September 2020.

The Prize does not specify distinct categories, but submissions must be on the history of science, technology, or medicine. The Award Committee endeavors to maintain the broadest coverage of subjects, geographical areas, chronology and civilizations (African, North American, South American, Asian, Islamic, Western and Ancient Civilizations, and others not included in this list).

Prizes consist of a certificate, waiver of registration fees, assistance with travel and accommodation expenditures to the IUHPST/DHST Congress in Prague in July 2021. The winner of a prize whose dissertation engages substantially Islamic science and culture (over competitions five (2016-2018) and six (2018-2020), is also awarded the İhsanoğlu Prize funded by the Istanbul Foundation for Research and Education (ISAR). The Turkish Society of History of Science has graciously funded the İhsanoğlu Prize for the Congress following Prague 2021.

AWARD COMMITTEE

The Award Committee includes DHST Council members and distinguished subject specialists.

COMPETITION CALENDAR

Applications open 10 July 2020 and close 1 October 2020 (22:00, GMT). Announcement of prize winners for the sixth competition in early 2021. Award ceremony for winners of competitions 5 and 6: July 2021 in Prague.

APPLICATION PARAMETERS

Submission in any language is welcome. All dissertations must be accompanied by a detailed summary in English of no more than 20 double-spaced pages.

APPLICATION PROCEDURE

There are three elements. All three must be submitted in PDF format. Candidates should email one copy of the dissertation and the English language summary to <Mike.Osborne@oregonstate.edu>. Applicants should request that their dissertation supervisor write a separate confidential letter (to the same email address) of three pages or less assessing the dissertation and its historiographical significance. The email header for all three elements should specify in the subject line DHST Dissertation Prize-2021- followed by the last name of the candidate as in this format: DHST Dissertation Prize-2021-Last Name.

DOWNLOAD THE CALL FOR APPLICATIONS

dimanche 12 juillet 2020

Les grandes pandémies d'influenza


A History of the Great Influenza Pandemics: Death, Panic and Hysteria, 1830-1920

Mark Honigsbaum 


Paperback: 328 pages
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic (30 April 2020)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1350160088

Influenza was the great killer of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and the so-called 'Russian flu' killed around 1 million people across Europe in 1889-93 - including the second-in-line to the British throne, the Duke of Clarence. The Spanish flu of 1918, meanwhile, would kill 50 million people - nearly 3% of the world's population. Here, Mark Honigsbaum outlines the history of influenza in the period, and describes how the fear of disease permeated Victorian culture. These fears were amplified by the invention of the telegraph and the ability of the new mass-market press to whip up public hysteria. The flu was therefore a barometer of wider fin de siecle social and cultural anxieties - playing on fears engendered by economic decline, technology, urbanisation and degeneration. A History of the Great Influenza Pandemics is a vital new contribution towards our understanding of European history and the history of the media.

samedi 11 juillet 2020

La Charité à Lille à la fin du Moyen Âge


La Charité à Lille à la fin du Moyen Âge. Sauver les riches

Irène Dietrich-Strobbe


Préfacier: Crouzet-Pavan (Élisabeth)

Classiques Garnier
Collection: Bibliothèque d'histoire médiévale, n° 24
Nombre de pages: 605
Année d’édition: 2020



Cet ouvrage étudie les enjeux politiques, économiques et sociaux de la charité, à Lille, à la fin du Moyen Âge.

vendredi 10 juillet 2020

La formation du corpus galénique


Pseudo-Galenica. The Formation of the Galenic Corpus from Antiquity to the Renaissance
 


Edited by Caroline Petit, Simon Swain, and Klaus-Dietrich Fischer

The University of Chicago Press 
256 pages | 6 3/4 x 9 1/4
2020



The works of Galen of Pergamum (c. 129-216 CE) were fundamental in the shaping of medicine, philosophy, and neighboring areas of knowledge from antiquity through to the middle ages and early modern times, across a variety of languages and cultures. Yet as early as Galen’s own lifetime, spurious treatises crept into the body of his authentic works, despite his best efforts to provide the public with a catalogue of his own production (De libris propriis). For centuries, readers and scholars have used a fluid body of Galenic works, shaped by changing intellectual frameworks and social-cultural contexts. Several inauthentic works have enjoyed remarkable popularity, but this has had consequences in modern scholarship. The current reference edition of Galenic works (Kühn, 1821-1833) fails to distinguish clearly between authentic and inauthentic texts, and many works lack any critical study, which makes navigating the corpus unusually difficult. This new volume, arising from a conference held in 2015 at the Warburg Institute at the University of London and funded by the Wellcome Trust, will provide much-needed clarification about the boundaries of the Galenic corpus, identifying and analyzing the works that do not genuinely belong to Galen’s production.

Corps et médecine dans la poésie latine

Body and Medicine in Latin Poetry

Conference

Durham University

17 - 18 September, 2020

All the times below are UK Time


Thursday 17 September (Zoom) 

Session 1

11.00-11.15: Welcome and Opening Remarks

11.15-12.00: Chiara Thumiger (University of Kiel): ‘Painful Knowledge: Suffering and the Inside of Man in Some Examples from Latin Poetry’

12.00-12.45: George Kazantzidis (University of Patras): ‘The “Medical Body” in Lucretius: A Few Thoughts on the Use and Abuse of “Medical Discourse” in Latin Poetry’

12.45-13.45: Lunch Break

13.45-14.30: Allegra Hahn (Durham University): ‘Concretizing the Abstract: Medical Imagery in Horace’s Poetry’

14.30-14.45: Coffee Break


Session 2

14.45-15.30: James Uden (Boston University): ‘Medicine in Virgil’s works’ (Title TBC)

15.30-16.15: Ioannis Ziogas (Durham University): ‘The Anatomy of Pleasure in Ovid’s Art of Love’
16.15-16.30: Coffee Break

16.30-17.15: Hunter Gardner (University of South Carolina): ‘The Etiology of Illness in Latin Love Elegy’


Friday 18 September (Zoom) 

Session 1

11.00-11.45: Chiara Blanco (Trinity College, Oxford): ‘Flesh and Stone: Skin and Touch in Ovid’s Pygmalion’

11.45-12.30: Simona Martorana (Durham University): ‘The Body and the City: Disease, Fury and Self-mutilation in Seneca’s Oedipus’

12.30-13.30: Lunch Break Session 2

13.30-14.15: Thorsten Foegen (Durham University): ‘Medical Discourse in Martial and Related Texts’
14.15-14.30: Coffee Break

14.30-15.15: Laurence Totelin (Cardiff University): ‘Carmen Salutiferum: Quintus Serenus and his Health-giving Liber Medicinalis'

15.15-16.00: Final Discussion and Closing Remarks

jeudi 9 juillet 2020

James Burt et la chirurgie de l'amour


The Love Surgeon: A Story of Trust, Harm, and the Limits of Medical Regulation

Sarah B. Rodriguez



Series: Critical Issues in Health and Medicine
Hardcover: 272 pages
Publisher: Rutgers University Press; Critical edition (July 17, 2020)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1978800960


Dr. James Burt believed women’s bodies were broken, and only he could fix them. In the 1950s, this Ohio OB-GYN developed what he called “love surgery,” a unique procedure he maintained enhanced the sexual responses of a new mother, transforming her into “a horny little house mouse.” Burt did so without first getting the consent of his patients. Yet he was allowed to practice for over thirty years, mutilating hundreds of women in the process.

It would be easy to dismiss Dr. Burt as a monstrous aberration, a modern-day Dr. Frankenstein. Yet as medical historian Sarah Rodriguez reveals, that’s not the whole story. The Love Surgeon asks tough questions about Burt’s heinous acts and what they reveal about the failures of the medical establishment: How was he able to perform an untested surgical procedure? Why wasn’t he obliged to get informed consent from his patients? And why did it take his peers so long to take action?

The Love Surgeon is both a medical horror story and a cautionary tale about the limits of professional self-regulation.

Histoire de la Covid-19


Covid-19 Grants for History in the Public Interest 


Call for proposals 

DEADLINE: AUGUST 15, 2020


The Albert Lepage Center for History in the Public Interest at Villanova University is pleased to announce a new funding opportunity to support historical projects related to the Covid-19 pandemic that advance the public interest.

The Center will fund up to 10 projects that creatively engage with the broad range of questions, concerns, policies and practices raised by the study of how past pandemics have affected the course of history and how historical study can further public understanding of the current Covid-19 crisis.

The Center is particularly interested in proposals that adopt a global approach and highlight issues of race, gender, power and structural inequality. We strongly encourage BIPOC and members of minority and underrepresented populations to apply.


ABOUT THE GRANTS

Up to 10 grants will be awarded to projects that promote historical research, scholarship, teaching and public dialogue on global histories of pandemics and their effects on society, with a particular focus on race, gender, power and structural inequality. Individual grant awards will range from $2,500 - $5,000.

As the grant amounts may not be able to support a project in-full, our goal is to provide seed money and/or to help advance a project from conception to execution. The Center is especially committed to supporting work that may require initial funding to get off the ground.

The Center seeks to inspire a wide range of submissions from a diverse pool of applicants that are original and imaginative in content and form. Examples of the types of projects include: a series of blog posts, a series of podcast conversations, an initiative with a local newspaper to write a series of op-eds, a mapping project, a digital timeline, a crowd-sourced syllabus, a new course, an oral history project, a collaboration with local activists, and other creative ideas.

Proposals from BIPOC and members of minority and underrepresented populations will be looked upon especially favorably.

The grants are made possible by a generous donation by Mr. Albert Lepage (VU ’69).


HOW TO APPLY

Proposals are due to the Lepage Center by 11:59 p.m. EST on August 15, 2020.

Proposals should be emailed as a single attachment (PDF or Word document) to lepage@villanova.edu and should not exceed 15 pages. Additional pages will not be reviewed.


APPLICATION & SELECTION

Applications should include:
  • A project description, purpose, and its contribution toward the public interest (1-2 pages)
  • A plan of execution, including deliverables, partners, and expected outcomes (1-2 pages)
  • A proposed budget (1 page)
  • C.V. or resumes of principal participants (not to exceed 10 pages)

The Center will award up to 10 grants in amounts ranging from $2,500 - $5,000 depending on the scope, size, ambition and needs of each project. The awards are expected to be distributed along three distinct streams:
  • Undergraduate and graduate research and teaching led by Villanova University students and faculty (maximum of 2 awards);
  • Public-facing historical research and scholarship led by Villanova University faculty in the Department of History and other Departments doing history in the public interest (maximum of 2 awards);
  • Public-facing history content created by local and national historians and historical institutions (maximum of 6 awards).

In evaluating applications, The Center will consider:
  • The track record of the applicant(s);
  • The importance of the project goals, the originality of the method and perspective, and the fit and relevance to the Center’s mission;
  • The feasibility of the proposal;
  • The capacity of the project to seek to shed light on the current crisis;
  • The articulation of an approach to historical thinking about the past that broadly fits disciplinary standards and perspectives (see here and here).

Proposals will be reviewed by an internal committee with award decisions to be made by the end of September 2020 (precise date TBD).

A one-time disbursement of funds will occur in fall 2020 (precise date TBD).


ELIGIBILITY

Proposals are limited to scholars and/or institutions in the United States. Global perspectives and transnational partnerships are encouraged.

While not limited to professional historians or history institutions, proposals that feature historians and demonstrate an approach to studying the past that broadly fits disciplinary standards and ethics of professional history will be favored.

Grantees should be amenable to having their projects featured on the Lepage Center website, social media, and other communications. The Lepage Center humbly requests that grantees acknowledgment its support in all their public-facing materials.


FINE PRINT

Grant awards are subject to federal, state and local tax regulations. Each grantee is responsible for reporting taxable stipend payments, and for remitting any tax due with their personal or institutional income tax return. For specific questions about your tax responsibilities, please contact the Internal Revenue Service, an accountant, or an income tax service.


FOR MORE INFORMATION