mardi 15 juin 2021

Histoire des infections à Lyon

De la peste de Justinien à la Covid-19. Histoire des infections à Lyon


Jean Freney (coord.)

 
EMCC
2021


Près de quinze siècles séparent l’épidémie de peste de Justinien de celle de la Covid-19. Entre ces deux calamités, la population de Lugdunum devenue Lyon fut confrontée à de nombreux autres épisodes infectieux massifs tels que paludisme, typhoïde, lèpre, vérole, variole, choléra, tuberculose, poliomyélite…

La situation géographique lyonnaise à la confluence de deux voies fluviales d’importance en a toujours fait un lieu privilégié d’échanges, de passages et de brassages de populations diverses. De plus jusqu’à une période récente, le manque d’hygiène publique fréquemment rapporté par les chroniqueurs constituait autant de facteurs qui ont entraîné une importante exposition de la ville aux maladies infectieuses.

Dès l’époque romaine des moyens efficaces de prévention avaient cependant été développés, qui se sont perpétués au cours du temps. En effet, Lyon a été souvent en avance dans la lutte contre les maladies infectieuses en préconisant très tôt des mesures d’hygiène qui ont servi d’exemple à d’autres villes du royaume, par exemple avec la fondation du Bureau de la Santé en 1581. Cette commission sanitaire avait la capacité d’imposer des mesures sanitaires sévères si la situation l’exigeait. Elle a joué un rôle de premier plan en particulier lors de la tragique épidémie de peste de 1628 qui emporta la moitié de la population de la ville. Des maires de Lyon ont ensuite joué un rôle important, comme Gabriel Prunelle lors de l’épidémie de choléra de 1834 ou Édouard Herriot lors de la pandémie de grippe espagnole de 1918 et 1919. Étonnamment, de la peste à la Covid-19, l’éventail des mesures adoptées et leurs applications ne diffèrent guère lorsqu’il s’agit de répondre à des crises sanitaires aiguës.

Lyon s’est également distinguée dans le domaine de la lutte contre les infections en particulier au cours du XIXe siècle grâce à des médecins qui ont imposé à l’hôpital (Hôtel-Dieu et Charité) les règles fondamentales de l’antisepsie et de l’asepsie. En témoignent les initiatives de Jean-François Terme, d’Antonin Poncet, de Louis-Léopold Ollier, d’Amédée Bonnet, Antoine Gailleton et de bien d’autres. Ils ont souvent donné leurs noms à des places et à des rues.

C’est à Lyon que fut créée la première école vétérinaire du monde en 1761 par Claude Bourgelat, écuyer de Louis XV, qui s’illustra dans la lutte contre les épizooties, et dont l’œuvre fut poursuivie par des sommités lyonnaises telles qu’Auguste Chauveau et Saturnin Arloing. Et cette même école vétérinaire mit à disposition des médecins de l’Hôtel-Dieu ses équipements scientifiques à la fin du XIXe siècle, amorçant ainsi un rapprochement entre médecines humaine et animale.

À Lyon sont également nés des géants de l’industrie biomédicale, grâce à l’implication de la dynastie des Mérieux dans la vaccination ou le diagnostic des infections. L’implantation de leaders mondiaux dédiés à la santé humaine et animale comme Sanofi et Boehringer-Ingelheim en constitue l’aboutissement.

De la peste de Justinien à la Covid-19, très largement illustré, analyse sur environ 500 pages les luttes qui ont opposé souvent avec succès les Lyonnais et habitants de la région à des maladies dont ils ignorèrent longtemps la cause bactérienne, virale ou parasitaire. Cette histoire deux fois millénaire se perpétue aujourd’hui avec la pandémie de la Covid-19, qui n’épargne pas plus la ville que le reste de la planète.

Évoquer cette histoire des épidémies, ceux qui les ont subis, les lieux qui en témoignent, les hommes qui les ont combattues ainsi que les moyens mis en œuvre pour lutter contre les différentes infections, telle a été l’ambition qui a guidé les auteurs avec la volonté de transmettre leur passion de la microbiologie ainsi que la mémoire et l’histoire de leur ville, de son patrimoine matériel et immatériel.

Les connexions contagieuses

Contagious Connections in Vast Early America and the Atlantic World


Call for papers


The Omohundro Institute of Early American History & Culture invites  applications from scholars across academic disciplines for participation  in a series of workshops dedicated to revisiting and rethinking the  history and historiography of epidemics in Vast Early America and the  Atlantic World. Co-chaired by Ryan Kashnanipour (University of Arizona)  and Claire Gherini (Fordham University), “Contagious Connections” is a  series of six works-in-progress seminars that will take place, online,
between January and May 2022 in which participants will convene to  discuss and workshop pre-circulated papers. We invite proposals for  unpublished, chapter-length pieces on epidemics in Vast Early  America/The Atlantic World for those workshops.

Epidemics were a foundational force in the early history of the Americas  and the larger Atlantic World. Yet their interdisciplinary and  comparative analysis has often been restricted by the imperial and
chronological priorities of these regions’ subfields as well as older  biomedical and demographic approaches to the study of disease. Rather  than rehashing whether acquired immunity destined Native Americans to  extirpation and Africans for slavery in the Americas, this series  proceeds from the idea that epidemics are epistemological and  ontological forces: they have a historical materiality but become
epidemics of a particular disease when historical actors collectively  decide to name and treat them as such. We invite paper submissions that  engage with epidemics and/or infectious diseases beyond their biological attributes. We are open to papers of many kinds, possible themes and questions might include:

* The political and social ramifications, in particular times and places, of naming widespread infirmity an epidemic. How do such pronouncements and definitions work to mobilize resources? What
populations do they render legible? Which figures and administrative bodies got to make these definitions?
* What administrative differences between empires rendered such pronouncements and definitions easier to make and contest, as well as see in the archive?
* How did the divergent temporalities of so-called crowd diseases’ (smallpox, yellow fever, measles for example) and those that are more chronic disorders (yaws, coco-bays, dropsy) shape official and
quotidian responses to them? * Naming generalized infirmity an epidemic magnifies its visibility in
the archive. Papers might explore the more quotidian types of infirmity that have been overlooked as a consequence and how they were managed and thought about by the communities affected by them.
* Papers might use the uneven impact of different epidemics as a window onto the endemic nature of illness in the early modern Americas and underlying health disparities.
* Sudden and widespread sickness tends to galvanize discovery of its modes of communication. To think about the materiality of epidemics, papers might focus on how these discoveries reconfigure mobility and daily habits of living. Or they might use authorities’ efforts to regulate or outlaw quotidian practices of bodily health or sustenance to recover what are often overlooked materials and practices that are central to gendered and racialized economies of care.
* Papers might explore the development of new forms mourning, internment, and memorialization that communities developed to reckon with the new scale of death created by an epidemic.

As we hope to see this series culminate in a community of scholars who  might polish their works for collective publication in an edited collection, in summer 2022, should conditions allow, we may convene in-person in Washington D.C. for one week for a second round of workshops where participants will present and receive feedback on revised versions of their papers.

The original deadline for submissions has been extended. Interested individuals are asked to submit an abstract no longer than 500 words and abbreviated CV no longer than three pages by *JULY 15, 2021*:

For more information please go to:
https://oieahc.wm.edu/events/contagious-connections/
<https://linkprotect.cudasvc.com/url?a=https%3a%2f%2foieahc.wm.edu%2fevents%2fcontagious-connections%2f&c=E,1,bBRdDmkxPNhVBBrBtkbg9P5MZwKmlheUHTCwHZJinpX6a3LMzK_2s0ioLmcvqsp3CHAGAQnMr8LDdfMbkKuODyHf_C5MEbDFbNLvWVF_b0M_RNJt2PdJUzdN-Rw,&typo=1>

lundi 14 juin 2021

Maladie et handicap dans l'art et la littérature médiévaux et modernes

Disease and Disability in Medieval and Early Modern Art and Literature


R. F. Canalis, M. Ciavolella (eds.)


Brepols
379 p., 10 b/w ill. + 100 colour ill., 156 x 234 mm, 2021
ISBN: 978-2-503-58870-4



Humanity has always shown a keen interest in the pathological, ranging from a morbid fascination with ‘monsters’ and deformities to a genuine compassion for the ill and suffering. Medieval and early modern people were no exception, expressing their emotional response to disease in both literary works and, to a somewhat lesser extent, in the plastic arts. Consequently, it becomes necessary to ask what motivated writers and artists to choose an illness or a disability and its physical and social consequences as subjects of aesthetic or intellectual expression. Were these works the result of an intrusion in their intent to faithfully reproduce nature, or do they reflect an intentional contrast against the pre-modern portrayal of spiritual ideals and, later, through the influence of the classics, the rediscovered importance and beauty of the human body?

The essays contained in this volume address these questions, albeit not always directly but, rather, through an analysis of the societal reactions to the threats and challenges that essentially unopposed disease and physical impairment presented. They cover a wide range of responses, variable, of course, according to the period under scrutiny, its technological moment, and the usually fruitless attempts at treatment.


Rinaldo F. Canalis, MD FACS, is Emeritus Professor in the Department of Head and Neck Surgery (Otolaryngology) at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, and Associated Faculty in the UCLA Center of Medieval and Renaissance Studies. He has written numerous articles on the history of Renaissance medicine and on the pathology of pre-Colombian peoples.

Massimo Ciavolella, PhD, taught for many years at Carleton University (Ottawa) and at the University of Toronto before coming to his present positions as Professor of Italian and Comparative Literature, Franklin D. Murphy Chair in Italian Renaissance Studies, and Director of the Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles. Table of Contents




Introduction and Epidemiological Perspective
Rinaldo F. Canalis and Massimo Ciavolella

Part I. Medieval and Transitional Periods

The Art of Medicine in Byzantium: Disease and Disability in Byzantine Manuscripts
Alain Touwaide

Miracle and the Monstrous: Disability and Deviant Bodies in the Late Middle Ages
Jenni Kuuliala.

Leprosy, Melancholy, Folly and their Representations in French Medieval Literature
Gaia Gubini

Malady in Literary Texts from the Medieval and Early Modern Periods. Some Hypotheses on a Paradoxical Constellation
Joachim Küpper

Fevers, Botches and Carbuncles: Describing the Plague in Late Medieval and Early Modern Medical Treatises
Lori Jones

Part II. The Early Modern Period

The Role of Architecture and the Decorative Arts in Renaissance Medicine
Francis Wells

Art in Disease and Disease in Art: Reflections on Two Early Modern Paradigmatic Examples
Manuela Gallerani.

The Mal Franzoso: Between Art, History and Literature: Paracelso and Della Porta
Alfonso Paolella

The Ailing Artist
Roberto Fedi

Nicolas Poussin`s The Plague at Ashdod and the French Disease
Efrain Kristal

‘Yet have I in me something dangerous’: On the Interplay of Medicine and Maleficence in Shakespeare’s Hamlet
Sara Frances Burdorff

Textures of Lesions – Textures of Prints
Domenico Bertoloni Meli

Index

La science et l'image en mouvement

Science and the Moving Image: Histories of Intermediality


Call for papers

Location: Online (Zoom)

Date: November 2nd and 3rd, 2021. PM (UK time).

Since the advent of film in the late nineteenth century, moving images have been integral to making and communicating science. A rich interdisciplinary literature has examined such representations of science in the cinema and on television and investigated how scientists have used moving images to conduct research and communicate knowledge. Responding to growing interest in science and the moving image, this online workshop uses the concept of ‘intermediality’ as a starting point to discuss new approaches and methodologies. Intermediality, coined by media scholars to describe the interplay between different media, magnifies their multiple meanings and heterogenous interrelations. Moving images especially invite intermedial analysis because they are often composed of interrelated visuals, speech, music, and text; film can also be cut into stills for reproduction in newspapers, advertisements, and journals. Intermedial approaches thus allow scholars to assess not only the relationship between scientific practices and media forms, but also the afterlives, circulation, and reception of these media in a richer historical context. With its attention to relations and movement between media, intermediality also expands our understanding of the visual cultures of science, including in parts of the world and among groups that are underrepresented in current scholarship. We particularly invite submissions that use intermediality to engage critically with the scope and limits of science and the moving image.

Possible themes might include:

· Processes of translation between different media, including film, television, radio, and print

· Intermedial practices and histories of specific scientific disciplines

· Moving images in science education

· Transnational and comparative approaches to scientific image-making

· Time-lapse, frame-by-frame analysis, and other analytical methods as intermedial practices

· Representations of science in multimedia entertainment industries

· The relationship between moving images of science and the history of empire and colonization

· Amateur uses of moving image media, including citizen science

· The cultural reproduction through scientific images of gender, race, and class.



Keynote speaker: Dr. Tim Boon (Head of Research and Public History, Science Museum Group)

We welcome talks from postgraduate students, early-career researchers and established scholars. We are looking for abstracts (max. 250 words) for 15-20 minute talks, which will be arranged in thematic panels. Submissions should be sent to movingimagescience@gmail.com. The deadline for proposals is June 28th, 2021 and we aim to respond to proposals within four weeks.

This workshop will take place online via Zoom and is hosted by the Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge. The workshop is kindly supported by the Researcher Development Fund and the G.M. Trevelyan Fund.

Organised by: Miles Kempton, Max Long, Anin Luo

dimanche 13 juin 2021

La naissance de l'embryologie expérimentale

Préformation et épigenèse en développement. Naissance de l'embryologie expérimentale

Ghyslain Bolduc

 



Presses de l'Université de Montréal / Vrin
Collection Analytiques
400 pages / juin 2021
ISBN 978-2-7606-4413-7


La forme vitale est-elle virtuellement fixée dans le germe ou se déterminet- elle au cours du devenir embryonnaire ? Dans les années 1880, Wilhelm Roux cherche à résoudre ce problème par la création de l’embryologie expérimentale. Au moyen d’une reconstruction rationnelle des étapes historiques de cette discipline, cet ouvrage montre l’importance des concepts de préformation et d’épigenèse aux origines de celle-ci. L’analyse porte sur trois périodes charnières : la réforme mécaniste et darwinienne de l’embryologie morphologique par Ernst Haeckel (1866) ; l’avènement d’une physiologie réductionniste du développement avec Wilhelm His (1874) ; et la création d’une « mécanique du développement » par Roux ainsi que les interprétations néo-darwinienne, néo-vitaliste et organiciste de ses résultats les plus significatifs (1888-1908). L’auteur y soutient que ces développements suivent une logique de la découverte, selon laquelle les modèles mécaniques d’explication doivent être renouvelés lorsque leur examen empirique engendre la découverte de nouveaux phénomènes de régulation.Ce livre traite donc d’un enjeu fondamental de la philosophie des sciences : le rapport entre la rationalité scientifique et la découverte. Il offre aussi un éclairage sur une question très actuelle de la philosophie de la biologie, soit les transformations du concept d’épigenèse en rapport avec les théories épigénétiques contemporaines. La méthodologie adoptée ici s’inscrit dans la tradition de l’épistémologie historique, consacrée à l’étude des transformations du savoir scientifique, fondée sur l’analyse historique de diverses sources documentaires. Un éclairage théorique constitué de modèles provenant de la philosophie des sciences et de connaissances scientifiques demeure ici indispensable.


Sur la piste du Dr Samways

Dr Samways writes to the editor

Talk by Professor Tom Treasure (UCL)

 


The Faculty for the History and Philosophy of Medicine and Pharmacy's final lecture for the year will be held online on Wednesday 16 June at 6pm. Please feel free to circulate details to your colleagues, students and networks.

Tracing back the history of mitral stenosis during a mid-career sabbatical, I found an article in The Lancet of 1898 by DW Samways of Mentone proposing heart surgery. He was an inveterate writer of ‘Letters to the Editor’ on many and varied topics - blood-letting, eradication of mosquitos, health spas, sea water injections, typhoid fever, vaccination - and his own tuberculosis which is what took him to the French Riviera. Unable to practise in France during the 1914-19 war, he worked at a War Hospital in Exeter. He continued to write - on the design of ambulances, treatment of contaminated wounds, banding, fractures, anaesthetics - always with scientific curiosity and humanity. Dr Samways in my guide, witness and chronicler for my Flavell Lecture.


Students – Free to attend, please book through the Faculty facultyhp@apothecaries.org


Non-students may book here: https://www.apothecaries.org/product/fachp-16-june-2021-dr-samways-writes-to-the-editor-flavell/

samedi 12 juin 2021

Félix Guattari en contexte

Madness, Media, Milieus. Félix Guattari in Context


Conference 

17, 18 and 21 June 2021
 

[Zoom links are available via request. Please register by email: felix.brieden[at]uni-weimar.de]


Organized by Henning Schmidgen, Mathias Schönher, Elena Vogman


With Andrew Goffey, Angela Melitopoulos, Marlon Miguel, François Pain, Peter Pál Pelbart, Anne Querrien, and Anne Sauvagnargues


This conference explores Félix Guattari's (1930–1992) multifaceted oeuvre as largely informed by his many years of active work at the psychiatric clinic of La Borde. Guattari’s therapeutic experiments with media – such as typewriters, film, and audio recordings, his cooperation with artists and architects, and the publication of newspapers and books decisively shaped the machine-thought that he would later develop, most predominantly in collaboration with philosopher Gilles Deleuze. While Guattari expanded Institutional Psychotherapy and its umwelt-theoretical concepts into a theory and praxis of transversality, the concept of the machine moved into the center of his thought.

In contradistinction to conventionally understood ‘technical objects‘, Guattari’s concept of the machine denotes a concatenation of heterogenous components traversed by a capacity, a desire, a surplus. What role do Guattari’s psychiatric practices play in the genesis of this machinic vitalism? How do desiring-machines transform the traditional understanding of the psyche? In which way do they undermine dichotomies such as aesthetics vs. politics, individual vs. collective, subject vs. object? Finally, how do Guattari’s experimental interventions at the interface of politics and psychiatry open perspectives on present problems such as artificial intelligence, behavioral tracking, or digital cultures?

This conference is the opening event of the research project »Madness, Media, Milieus. Reconfiguring the Humanities in Postwar Europe« directed by Elena Vogman. It argues that media form and transform our milieus, from geopolitical landscapes to our most intimate environs. The project studies a series of media and milieu practices developed in different settings of Institutional Psychotherapy since the 1940s. It examines efforts to produce environments, institutions, and milieus that would facilitate processes of psychological therapy and healing, in particular by psychiatrists and activists such as François Tosquelles, Jean Oury, Fernand Deligny, Frantz Fanon and Félix Guattari.

Drawing on newly discovered archives, the project explores the fundamental role of art and media which crucially contributed to the emergence of psychiatric milieus. At the same time, it investigates the productive repercussions of these media-milieu practices in critical humanities discourses. The project argues that these practices had a crucial impact on the humanities in postwar Europe, in particular post-structuralism and post-colonial studies, but also media theory, film studies, and science and technology studies. Media mold and modify milieus: This is the general hypothesis that will be reflected in four individual sub-projects carried out by historians of art, science, and technology, culminating in a joint exhibit presenting largely unseen texts, images, and films.


Thursday, 17 June 2021

5:00 – 5:15 pm Introduction and Welcome by Marlon Miguel, Henning Schmidgen
and Elena Vogman
5:15 – 5:45 pm Anne Querrien: Machines of Care
5:45 – 6:10 pm Discussion
6:10 – 6:20 pm Break
6:20 – 7:00 pm François Pain: From One Machine to Another (screening and comment)
7:00 – 7:30 pm Conversation between Anne Querrien and François Pain and Discussion


Friday, 18 June 2021

5:00 – 5:30 pm Henning Schmidgen: Guattari’s Architectures
5:30 – 5:50 pm Discussion
5:50 – 6:00 pm Break
6:00 – 6:30 pm Andrew Goffey: Patric Subjectivation and Machinic Environment
6:30 – 6:50 pm Discussion


Monday, 21 June 2021

5:00 – 5:30 pm Angela Melitopoulos: Machinic Animism and
the Revolutionary Practice of Geo-Psychiatry (based
on the audio-visual research Assemblages, 2010, and Matri LInear B, 2021)
5:30 – 5:50 pm Discussion
5:50 – 6:00 pm Break
6:00 – 6:30 pm Peter Paul Pelbart: De L’Atmosphère
6:30 – 6:50 pm Discussion
6:50 – 7:00 pm Break
7:00 – 7:30 pm Anne Sauvagnargues: tba.
7:30 – 7:50 pm Discussion
7:50 – 8:00 pm Concluding Remarks by Mathias Schönher




All updates on the workshop and more information on the research project can be found on the website: www.uni-weimar.de/madness-media-milieus

Réunion commune des Sociétés française et montpelliéraine d'histoire de la médecine

Réunion commune des Sociétés française et montpelliéraine d'histoire de la médecine (SFHM et SMHM)


Samedi 19 juin à partir de 14 h 30, en visioconférence, par ZOOM


C'est avec plaisir que nous vous annonçons la prochaine réunion commune des Sociétés française et montpelliéraine d'histoire de la médecine (SFHM et SMHM) qui se déroulera par ZOOM. Cette séance, centrée sur l'Histoire de la médecine à Montpellier, sera l'occasion, même avec un peu de retard, d'évoquer le 8e centenaire de son Université de Médecine, avec le programme suivant:



1) Thierry Lavabre-Bertrand: "La fondation de l'Université de Médecine de Montpellier, le 17 août 1220"


2) Jean-Pierre Dedet : "Les médecins naturalistes de Montpellier à la Renaissance"


3) Teunis Van Heiningen : "Charles de l'Ecluse, Guillaume Rondelet et la fondation de l'Hortus Medicus de l'Université de Leyde"


4) Philippe Albou : "Jean Astruc (1684-1766) et l'Histoire naturelle de Languedoc"


Chaque exposé est prévu pour 20 mn + 10 mn de questions.

Le lien de la réunion par ZOOM vous sera bien entendu adressé avant la réunion.

L'apprentissage médical dans l'Irlande médiévale

Textual Transfer, Multilingualism and Medical Learning in Medieval Ireland

Online lecture
by Deborah Hayden (Maynooth University)



14.06.2021 18:00 (CET)


A substantial corpus of well over 100 premodern Irish-language medical manuscripts have survived to the present day, containing a wide range of texts that demonstrate the engagement of Irish scholars with medical learning current on the European continent throughout the medieval period. Many of these texts also provide important insight into the historical lexicography of the Irish language and into the vernacularisation of medical knowledge across the Insular world more broadly. This paper will consider the evidence provided by some previously unpublished Irish-language remedy collections for the transmission of medical learning across geographical and linguistic boundaries, focusing in particular on the use of verse as a didactic medium for conveying technical knowledge, as well as on the question of regional variation and scribal networks in the development of distinct approaches to translating or adapting material belonging to this genre of functional literature. 


This is the third lecture of the Marburg Celtic Seminar "Textual Transfers in Medieval and Early Modern Ireland and Wales". More information here: https://www.uni-marburg.de/de/fb10/iksl/faecher/keltolgie/dokumente/marburg_celtic_seminar-1.pdf


Please register at celtic@uni-marburg.de <mailto:celtic@uni-marburg.de> . The link will be sent to participants shortly before the event.

vendredi 11 juin 2021

Les études sur le handicap et le corps classique

Disability Studies and the Classical Body: The Forgotten Other
 

Ellen Adams (Editor)

Publisher : Routledge; 1st edition (May 14, 2021)
Language : English
Hardcover : 294 pages
ISBN-13 : 978-0367221959

By triangulating the Greco-Roman world, classical reception, and disability studies, this book presents a range of approaches that reassess and reimagine traditional themes, from the narrative voice to sensory studies.

It argues that disability and disabled people are the ‘forgotten other’ of not just Classics, but also the Humanities more widely. Beyond the moral merits of rectifying this neglect, this book also provides a series of approaches and case studies that demonstrate the intellectual value of engaging with disability studies as classicists and exploring the classical legacy in the medical humanities. The book is presented in four parts: ‘Communicating and controlling impairment, illness and pain’; ‘Using, creating and showcasing disability supports and services’; ‘Real bodies and retrieving senses: disability in the ritual record’; and ‘Classical reception as the gateway between Classics and disability studies’. Chapters by scholars from different academic backgrounds are carefully paired in these sections in order to draw out further contrasts and nuances and produce a sum that is more than the parts. The volume also explores how the ancient world and its reception have influenced medical and disability literature, and how engagements with disabled people might lead to reinterpretations of familiar case studies, such as the Parthenon.

This book is primarily intended for classicists interested in disabled people in the Greco-Roman past and in how modern disability studies may offer insights into and reinterpretations of historic case studies. It will also be of interest to those working in medical humanities, sensory studies, and museum studies, and those exploring the wider tension between representation and reality in ancient contexts. As such, it will appeal to people in the wider Humanities who, notwithstanding any interest in how disabled people are represented in literature, art, and cinema, have had less engagement with disability studies and the lived experience of people with impairments.

jeudi 10 juin 2021

Le dernier numéro de Social History of Medicine

Social History of Medicine


Volume 34, Issue 2, May 2021

Original Articles

‘“These Findings Confirm Conclusions Many Have Arrived at by Intuition or Common Sense”: Water, Quantification and Cost-effectiveness at the World Bank, ca. 1960 to 1995’
Christian McMillen

Picturing the Unusual: Uncertainty in the Historiography of Medical Photography
Lukas Engelmann
 
The Promise and Demise of LSD Psychotherapy in Norway
Per Haave, Willy Pedersen

The Pasts, Presents and Futures of AIDS, Norway (1983–1996)
Ketil Slagstad

Professionalisation and Professionalism: Diphtheria and Medical Practice in Minnesota 1850–1910
Alan R Rushton

Dissecting the Student Experience at Australian Medical Schools, 1884–1912
Eugenia Pacitti

Who Cared? Locating Caregivers in Chronicles of the Twelfth- and Thirteenth-Century Crusades
Joanna Phillips

Modelling Authority: Obstetrical Machines in the Instruction of Midwives and Surgeons in Eighteenth-Century Italy
Jennifer F Kosmin

‘Bad for the Health of the Body, Worse for the Health of the Mind’: Female Responses to Imprisonment in England, 1853–1869
Rachel Bennett

“No one may starve in the British Empire”: Kwashiorkor, Protein and the Politics of Nutrition Between Britain and Africa
John Nott

Cultivating China’s Cinchona: The Local Developmental State, Global Botanic Networks and Cinchona Cultivation in Yunnan, 1930s–1940s
Yubin Shen

Managing Colonial Diets: Wartime Nutritional Science on the Korean Population, 1937–1945
Sunho Ko

Leprosy and the Colonial Gaze: Comparing the Dutch West and East Indies, 1750–1950
Stephen Snelders, Leo van Bergen, Frank Huisman

Confronting an Emergency: The Vaccination Campaign Against Meningitis in Brazil (1974–1975)
Baptiste Baylac-Paouly

Hanbang Healing for the World: The Eastern Medicine Renaissance in 1930s Japan-ruled Korea
James Flowers
 
Book Reviews


Helen King, Hippocrates Now: The ‘Father of Medicine’ in the Internet Age
Jane Draycott

Adam J. Davis, The Medieval Economy of Salvation: Charity, Commerce and the Rise of the Hospital
Tiffany Ziegler

Sethina Watson, On Hospitals: Welfare, Law, and Christianity in Western Europe, 400-1320
Claire Burridge
 
Noelle Gallagher, Itch, Clap, Pox: Venereal Disease in the Eighteenth-Century Imagination
Alanna Skuse

Chieko Nakajima, Body, Society, and Nation: The Creation of Public Health and Urban Culture in Shanghai
Freddie Stephenson

Erin-Marie Legacey, Making Space for the Dead: Catacombs, Cemeteries, and the Reimagining of Paris, 1780-1830
Abigail Fields

Heinrich Hartmann, The Body Populace: Military Statistics and Demography in Europe before the First World War
Elise Smith

Martin Summers, Madness in the City of Magnificent Intentions: A History of Race and Mental Illness in the Nation’s Capital
Dennis Doyle

Pierre-Yves Donzé, Making Medicine a Business: X-ray Technology, Global Competition, and the Transformation of the Japanese Medical System, 1895-1945
Hoi-Eun Kim

Lucas Richert, Strange Trips: Science, Culture, and the Regulation of Drugs
Dan Malleck

Daniel Navon, Mobilizing Mutations: Human Genetics in the Age of Patient Advocacy
Nicole C Nelson

Amelia Bonea, Melissa Dickson, Sally Shuttleworth and Jennifer Wallis, Anxious Times: Medicine and Modernity in Nineteenth-Century Britain
Michael Sappol
 
Jessica Wang, Mad Dogs and Other New Yorkers: Rabies, Medicine and Society in an American Metropolis, 1840–1920
Alison Skipper
 
Daniel A. Rodríguez, The Right to Live in Health: Medical Politics in Postindependence Havana
Ann Zulawski

Jonathan M. Berman, Anti-Vaxxers: How to Challenge a Misinformed Movement
Alison Day

Jaipreet Virdi, Hearing Happiness: Deafness Cures in History
Susan Burch

Marion Andrea Schmidt, Eradicating Deafness? Genetics, Pathology and Diversity in Twentieth-Century America
Coreen McGuire
 
Eelco F. M. Wijdicks, Cinema, MD: A History of Medicine on Screen.
Raquel Medina

 
Corrigendum

Mapmaking and Mapthinking: Cancer as a Problem of Place in Nineteenth–century England
Agnes Arnold-Forster

mercredi 9 juin 2021

La convalesence dans le roman du 19e siècle

Convalescence in the Nineteenth-Century Novel: The Afterlife of Victorian Illness


Hosanna Krienke


Publisher : Cambridge University Press (May 13, 2021)
Language : English
Hardcover : 205 pages
ISBN-13 : 978-1108844840

Victorian Britain witnessed a resurgence of traditional convalescent caregiving. In the face of a hectic modern existence, nineteenth-century thinkers argued that all medical patients desperately required a lengthy, meandering period of recovery. Various reformers worked to extend the benefits of holistic recuperative care to seemingly unlikely groups: working-class hospital patients, insane asylum inmates, even low-ranking soldiers across the British Empire. Hosanna Krienke offers the first sustained scholarly assessment of nineteenth-century convalescent culture, revealing how interpersonal post-acute care was touted as a critical supplement to modern scientific medicine. As a method of caregiving intended to alleviate both physical and social ills, convalescence united patients of disparate social classes, disease categories, and degrees of impairment. Ultimately, this study demonstrates how novels from Bleak House to The Secret Garden draw on the unhurried timescale of convalescence as an ethical paradigm, training readers to value unfolding narratives apart from their ultimate resolutions.

La protection contre les radiations

Research Assistant/Project Manager 

Call for applications

Part-time 65% / E 11 to E 13 TV-L according to qualifications

Starting date: 1 September 2021.

Deadline for applications: 30 June 2021.

Interviews: 15-16 July 2021.


This Research Assistant/Project Manager position is part of the research project “Living with Radiation: The Role of the International Atomic Energy Agency in the History of Radiation Protection” led by Professor Dr. Maria Rentetzi, Chair of Science, Technology, and Gender Studies at FAU Erlangen-Nurnberg and funded by a European Research Council Consolidator grant. Living with Radiation explores the role of international organizations and especially of the International Atomic Energy Agency in regulating and standardizing radiation protection on a global scale. We focus especially on IAEA’s technical assistance programs as a key post world war strategy for promoting the atom and supporting applications of civilian atomic energy worldwide; providing standards for use and safety, especially to developing countries in the Global South; creating a ‘world nuclear law’ that could support the development of nuclear industry. We use oral history to document the role of nuclear scientists, diplomats and other relevant actors in radiation protection. Our interviews will be deposited in the Library of the Max Planck Institute for History of Science in Berlin and will be openly accessible to researchers. Our aim is to produce an on-line open-access database with keyradiation safety standards and recommendations published by the IAEA since its inception as well as avirtual and travelling exhibition on the history of radiation protection.

As Research Assistant and Project Manager you will be part of a highly interdisciplinary team of five (the PI, three PhD students and a postdoctoral researcher). Your responsibility is to assist the PI monitoring the project. You will identify and collect the information needed to promote it through its website, twitter account and social media ensuring its visibility within the academic community and the public. You will help in organizing, running, and documenting meetings and conferences. You will assist the team to set up and maintain the database of radiation safety publications; collate additional datasets; identify important sources and objects for the virtual and travelling exhibitions. Your tasks include referencing sources and clearing copyright issues concerning photos for forthcoming publications. Your role will be vital in identifying opportunities for international collaborations and for disseminating the ERC research across disciplines.



Requirements:

Applicants are expected to have good analytical, organizational and project management skills in science, technology and innovation and preferably experience in managing EU projects; the ability to maintain effective working relationships in a multicultural environment; strong IT skills including knowledge of office software; proven experience in website, social network and media feed. Candidates are expected to hold degrees in STS, history of science, or international relations (without excluding other fields); We also expect excellence in oral and written English and German.



We offer:

Over the course of the project, you will be working in an inspiring, dynamic and international research environment, participating in the academic life of a newly developed chair on Science, Technology and Gender Studies, and you will be supported in enhancing your academic career. We offer a two-years contract with salary in the range of E 11 to E 13 TV-L according to qualifications.




How to apply:
Your application should include in a single pdf file carrying your last name the following:

· a brief cover letter explaining your motivation to apply

· a full curriculum vitae that indicates prior relevant experience

· and two reference letters



Shortlisted candidates will be interviewed in mid-July 2021.

To ensure equal opportunities between women and men, applications by women with the required qualifications are explicitly desired. Qualified individuals with disabilities will be favored. The FAU Erlangen-Nurnberg values the diversity of its members and is committed to the goals of equal opportunities.


Questions related to the project should be addressed to Prof. Dr.Maria Rentetzi, maria.rentetzi@fau.de


Please submit your application to
Ms Day-See Riechmann
Secretary
Chair of Science, Technology and Gender Studies
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
Faculty of Humanities, Social Sciences and Theology
Bismarckstraße 6, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
Email: stgs@fau.de

mardi 8 juin 2021

L'héritage de l'eugénisme au Canada

Legacy of Eugenics in Canada


Symposium

June 15th, 2021
 
September 2021 marks 100 years of the Second International Eugenics Congress. Like our predecessors a century ago, we find ourselves at a pivotal moment in the history of eugenics and genetics, where new technologies and biological interventions could well determine the ethical standards of tomorrow. COVID-19 has reminded us that eugenic ideas persist when it comes to prioritizing health-care needs and vaccines around the globe.



TUESDAY JUNE 15th
* all times are in Central Standard Time (GMT -6)


Time Zones: Central Standard Time (CST) (Saskatoon) - 9:00
Eastern Daylight Time (Toronto): - 11:00
British Summer Time (London): - 16:00

9:00 – 9:45(CST) Welcome, Introduction, and Tribute to Nick Supina III Dr. Erika Dyck (University of Saskatchewan) and Benedict Ipgrave

10:00 – 12:00(CST) Panel: Landscapes of Eugenics and Disability in Canada
Chair: Dr. James Moran (University of Prince Edward Island)


“A kingdom dedicated to eternal children” Eugenic legacies of institutionalization and infantilization in the care of intellectual and developmental disabilities in twentieth-century Nova Scotia.
Leslie Digdon (Saint Mary’s University)

Shunning Eugenics: The Ambiguous Legacy of Positive Eugenics in Québec.
Vincent Auffrey (University of Toronto)

The Medical Certification of the “Unfit” and its Legacies: Stigma and Documentation in Ontario. Filippo Sposini (University of Toronto)

‘The Better Eugenic Types’: Scientific Racism and the Histories of Immigration and Multiculturalism in Canada. Daniel R. Meister (Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21)


12:00 – 12:30(CST) Break

12:30 – 13:20(CST) Exhibiting Eugenics Legacies
Presenters: Evadne Kelly, Carla Rice, Aly Bailey (Centre for Art and Social Justice, University of Guelph) and Seika Boye (Centre for Drama, Theatre and Performance Studies, University of Toronto)

13:30 – 15:00(CST) Panel: Eugenics, Experiments and Canadian Indigenous History
Chair: Dr. Kim TallBear (University of Alberta)


“The usual clinics”: Eugenic and Euthenic Economies, the Mi’kmaq, and the Shubenacadie Indian Residential School in Twentieth-Century Nova Scotia.
Courtney Mrazek (University of New Brunswick)

Between Nêhiyawîhckikêwin (Cree people) and Academia: Sîkîp Sâkahikanihk Âcimowina (Stories of Waterhen Lake) and the Making of a Community-Based Oral History Project.
Christine Fiddler (University of Saskatchewan) and Ian Mosby (Ryerson University).

Elimination, White Supremacy and “Indian TB” in Manitoba, 1930s-1970s.
Mary Jane McCallum and Erin Millions (University of Winnipeg)

15:00 – 15:30(CST) Break


15:30 – 17:00(CST) Panel: Eugenics, Reproductive Justice, and Legacies of Birth Control
Chair: Dr. Jan Gelech (University of Saskatchewan)

Conflicting Legacies: A.R. Kaufman – Eugenicist and Birth Control Pioneer.
Elizabeth Koester (University of Toronto)

Theorizing Reproductive Regimes: Eugenics and Public Policy in Contemporary Canada.
Alana Cattapan (University of Waterloo)

Women’s Health, Liberation, and the Legacy of Eugenics: Studying 1970s Birth Control Activism in Alberta.
Karissa Patton (University of Saskatchewan)


17:00 – 17:15(CST) Concluding Remarks

 

Please register by emailing Dimitry Zakharov (d.zakharov@usask.ca) to receive a zoom link.
Or visit our Eventbrite page which will include the zoom link as well as other information:
https://www.eventbrite.ca/e/legacy-of-eugenics-in-canada-tickets-156140661923

La psychiatrie de la migration

Psychiatry of migration. The social and scientific origins of a new medical approach (France 1920-1960)

Call for interest in MSCA-POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP 



OFFER DEADLINE
16/07/2021 00:00 - Europe/Brussels
EU RESEARCH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME
HE / MSCA
LOCATION
France, LE MANS

ORGANISATION/COMPANY
Le Mans Université
LABORATORY
Temps, Mondes, Sociétés (TEMOS)- UMR CNRS 9016


Le Mans University is looking for excellent postdoctoral researchers for building together an innovative application for an independant research fellowship to the next call (October 2021) of the Marie-Skłodowska Curie Actions - Postdoctoral Fellowships programme. MSCA Postdoctoral Fellowships offer a rare opportunity to talented scientists: the chance to set up a research programme of their own. They provide an attractive grant for 1 to 2 years including salaries (with social care included) and allowances for mobility, family and research.

The deadline of the proposal submission to the EU funding and tender portal will be in October 2021; details can be found on the call for proposal MSCA-PF webpage.

The topic and team below have been identified for welcoming you to develop your research project at Le Mans University and helping you to write a persuasive proposal for the European submission.

General description of the research topic:

Keywords: Medicine, History, Psychiatry and psychology, Migration, Health, XXth century.

Research field : History / Contemporary History

Context :

Since the history of psychiatry became academic, it has focused on the 19th century and more recently on the transformations that initiated new forms of care for mental illnesses from the 1960s. The period of the first half of the 20th century remains relatively unknown and yet it is marked by the impact of the Great War and the emergence of new questions brought about by the new practices and ideas of mental hygiene and social psychiatry. Among these, the question of the mental health of migrants occupies an important but little studied place.

Before the Great War, the forms of uprooting that worried doctors concerned mainly young people from the countryside who migrated to the city, or the soldiers of the colonial armies affected by nostalgia. But in France, the bloodletting of the Great War, which accelerated the use of foreign labor, changed the situation. In the 1920s, migrants from Central and Eastern Europe and Italy numbered in the millions, some of whom populated the asylums between the wars. Migration became a public health issue in France in the first half of the 20th century. After the Second World War, studies on transplantation pathologies multiplied, especially from the description of the experience of North African migrants. Today, this question feeds the reflections of health care professionals who are often confronted with new traumatic migratory experiences.

The project aims to understand the construction of a new medical view of these populations in a context of institutional and political crisis. The asylum for the insane was once again in difficulty in the 1930s due to the social crisis and dramatic overcrowding. The migrants who were hospitalized in these institutions suffered a double punishment because of the linguistic and social problems that were specific to them. French medicine, won over by racialist and xenophobic ideology, produces scholarly works on these migrants that have an impact on the assessment of the phenomenon. For example, Dr. René Martial and the psychoanalyst Georges Mauco, members of the Committee for the Study of the Problem of Foreigners, contributed to the politicization of this question and fed the Vichy policy towards them.

The project will explore the social and scientific origins of a new medical approach (France 1920-1960) to migration through three scales and three types of archives. The first one, micro historical, will reconstitute the international and institutional path of some migrants from patient files kept in already identified and accessible archives (psychiatric hospital of Le Mans - Arch Dép Sarthe; Asile de maison Blanche - Arch Dép Paris). The second will consider the phenomenon on a national scale, based on statistical and administrative data collected in the National Archives located in Paris (psychiatric office of the Ministry of Health, 1935-1976; Social Service for the Assistance of Emigrants). The third section will focus on a few socially situated practices and discourses through archives located in Paris : the work of the members of the Committee for the Study of the Problem of Foreigners (Mauco collection), the Minkowska dispensary (1951-1962), and the work of the INH on North African migrants (National Institute of Hygiene collection). The WHO archives (Geneva) could be used to understand how international institutions take into account this new dimension of the migrant experience. The topic that concerns the migrant experience and its medical interpretation is transnational by itself but a transnational scale could be added to the project and developed according to the specific competences of the applicant for the grant.

For a first approach of the question look at :
GUILLEMAIN H., Schizophrènes au XXe siècle. Des effets secondaires de l’histoire, Alma éditeur, 2018 (« Migrants dans la crise des années 1930 », chapitre IV)
MAJERUS B. et RICHEL J., « “L’invention” de l’immigré. La psychiatrie belge face à la migration maghrébine dans les années 1960 et 1970 », Le Mouvement social, 1/242, 2013, p. 31-44.
MAHIEU E. et RECA M., « Exil et migration », L’information psychiatrique, 83/9, nov. 2007, p. 733-735.
LARBIOU B., « René Martial, 1873-1955. De l'hygiénisme à la raciologie, une trajectoire possible », Genèses, 2005/3 (no 60), p. 98-120.
WEIL P., « Georges Mauco, expert en immigration : ethnoracisme pratique et antisémitisme fielleux », dans Pierre-André Taguieff, L'antisémitisme de plume 1940-1944, études et documents, Paris, Berg International, 1999, p. 267-276.



Methodology :

- Examination of the national archives

- Selection of files in the hospital collections likely to give rise to a micro-historical approach to the international and institutional path of migrants.

- Consultation of medical journals on the subject

- Elaboration of statistical data on the period 1920-1960

- Writing of texts reconstructing the paths of some migrants and the medical view of them.

- Valorization and dissemination of the research to the professional world of psychiatry and within the framework of the DicoPolHiS project (Political Dictionary of Health History): http://dicopolhis.univ-lemans.fr/fr/index.html.



Scientific objectives:

(1) to show how a new object of interest in the field of psychiatry was constructed, that of migrants between the 1920s and 1960s,

(2) to understand the social and political issues that influence the medical view of these new populations in psychiatry, and

(3) to reconstruct the reality of the phenomenon on various scales (transnational and institutional pathways of individuals, macro statistics, studies of institutions and discourses). This research is therefore situated at the crossroads of several historiographic fields: social history, history of science, psychiatry and psychology, demography, and the study of migration.



Career Objectives:

The field of research concerning migration psychiatry is still not widely available in the academic field. The applicant will therefore be quickly identified as a specialist and will gain new perspectives based on the skills developed during the contract. The post-doctoral researcher will be well positioned to apply for faculty positions in the field of health and migration studies, a field that is currently at the heart of social priorities. He/she will also have the skills necessary to seize employment opportunities in the public and private sectors related to this field; staff of associations; national administrations. Participation in the international editorial development of the DicoPolHiS project will complement his skills in the field of digital publishing and communication, skills that are highly valued by universities today.

Supervisor: Hervé GUILLEMAIN

Academic position:

Professor of Contemporary History - Le Mans University

Director of the History Department of Le Mans University

Leader of the axis 1 of the laboratory TEMOS UMR CNRS 9016 (http://temos.cnrs.fr)

Director of the DicoPolHiS ( http://dicopolhis.univ-lemans.fr/fr/index.html)



Main topics: History, Psychiatry and psychology, Migration, Therapeutics, Asylum, Political history of health, XXth century, Patient's view.



Scientific profile

As a specialist in the social history of madness and psychiatry in the twentieth century, I have published several works proposing a new approach from below. These works, which mobilize French and international colleagues, cover the history of the twentieth century from the Great War (From the Front to the Asylum 2013) to the 1960s-1980s (The End of the Asylum? 2018). In 2018 I was the author of a double award-winning book recognized in the medical and humanities community (Prescrire, L'Evolution psychiatrique) proposing a new historiographic approach to psychiatric classification (Schizophrenics in the 20th century. Side effects of history) based on a history centered on the patient's perspective. I have presented this work in French and English in numerous international conferences: Argentina (La Plata, Cordoba), United States (New York), Canada (Montreal, Ottawa), Lebanon (Jounieh), Switzerland (Lausanne, Geneva), Belgium (Leuven, Louvain-la-Neuve). I am a member of the editorial board of the only French-language journal on the history of health in Europe, Histoire, médecine et santé, and I am also a member of the board of the European Association for History of Medicine and Health. I am the director of DicoPolHiS (Dictionnaire Politique d'Histoire de la Santé), a multimedia platform available internationally (Dicopolhis english). I was the French referee for Maia Woolner's dissertation, Time to Cure: Psychiatry, Psychology, and Mental Health Care in France, 1870-1940, Fullbright Fellowship, PhD UCLA, 2020. I direct several PhDs on the history of health and psychiatry that will be a think tank in which the candidate will benefit from participating.



References :

2018 Schizophrènes au XXe siècle. Des effets secondaires de l’histoire, Alma éditeur.

2018 La fin de l’asile ? Histoire de la déshospitalisation psychiatrique dans l’espace francophone au XXesiècle, PUR (avec A. Klein et MC Thifault).

2016 – « L’Histoire en délires. Usage des écrits délirants dans la pratique historienne », dans Perreault I. Thifault M.C. Récits inachevés. Réflexions sur la recherche qualitative en sciences humaines, Ottawa. Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa, p. 177-200 (avec L. Guignard)

2016 - « Towards a Contemporary Historiography of Amateurs in Science (18th-20th Century) », Gesnerus, 2016, 73-2, p. 201-237 (avec N. Richard)

2016 - « Des institutions privées d’histoire. Enquête sur les archives d’entreprises capitalistes dédiées à la gestion de la folie (France, 1930-1950) », Santé mentale au Québec, Automne 2016/2, p. 101-118

2015 – « « La psychose est-elle le fruit de l’histoire ? A propos des crises de septembre 1938 et de l’exode de mai-juin 1940 », Guerres mondiales et conflits contemporains, PUF, n° 257, 2015, p. 37-52.

2014 Extension du domaine psy, PUF/Vie des idées.

2013, Du front à l’asile, Alma éditeur (avec S. Tison), 2013.

2013 Expériences de la folie. Criminels, soldats, patients en psychiatrie, PUR, (avec L. Guignard et S. Tison)



Eligibility criteria
By the time of the MSCA PF indicative deadline (15 September 2021), applicants must be in possession of a doctoral degree and should not have more than 8 years full-time equivalent research experience (career breaks and leaves will not count towards this experience).
Applicants can be of any nationality but must not have resided and/or worked more than 12 months in France in the 3 years immediately prior to MSCA deadline.
Publications: at least 1 per year as 1st author since the PhD award.



Selection process

We encourage all motivated post-docs to apply on EU Euraxess platform, as early as possible and at least before the 16th of July 2021. Your application will include :
a CV including : (i) the exact date of your stay in each position and/or country and (ii) a list of publications;
a research outline document (up to 2 pages) identifying the research synergies with the faculty members / pre-identified topics.
The application should be sent by email to: herve.guillemain@univ-lemans.fr.

Following the reception of your application, we will check the eligibility of your profile for a MSCA-PF application. Then, supervisor(s) will select the most promising applications regarding the excellence-based competitive conditions and evaluation criteria of the MSCA-PF program and contact them in due course for further discussions and proposal writing until October 2021. If funded, the project proposed in October 2021 could start from September 2022 onwards.

To be crystal clear, this is the responsibility of the fellow to develop and write his/her own application proposal, but the supervisor will be deeply involved in the co-writing of the proposal and you will also receive dedicated support from the European office to write a persuasive proposal in a continuous follow-up process.




Disclaimer:

The responsibility for the hosting offers published on this website, including the hosting description, lies entirely with the publishing institutions. The application is handled uniquely by the employer, who is also fully responsible for the recruitment and selection processes.

lundi 7 juin 2021

Une histoire politique d'Act Up New York

Let the Record Show: A Political History of ACT UP New York, 1987-1993


Sarah Schulman

Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux (May 18, 2021)
Language : English
Hardcover : 736 pages
ISBN-13 : 978-0374185138

In just six years, ACT UP, New York, a broad and unlikely coalition of activists from all races, genders, sexualities, and backgrounds, changed the world. Armed with rancor, desperation, intelligence, and creativity, it took on the AIDS crisis with an indefatigable, ingenious, and multifaceted attack on the corporations, institutions, governments, and individuals who stood in the way of AIDS treatment for all. They stormed the FDA and NIH in Washington, DC, and started needle exchange programs in New York; they took over Grand Central Terminal and fought to change the legal definition of AIDS to include women; they transformed the American insurance industry, weaponized art and advertising to push their agenda, and battled―and beat―The New York Times, the Catholic Church, and the pharmaceutical industry. Their activism, in its complex and intersectional power, transformed the lives of people with AIDS and the bigoted society that had abandoned them.

Based on more than two hundred interviews with ACT UP members and rich with lessons for today’s activists, Let the Record Show is a revelatory exploration―and long-overdue reassessment―of the coalition’s inner workings, conflicts, achievements, and ultimate fracture. Schulman, one of the most revered queer writers and thinkers of her generation, explores the how and the why, examining, with her characteristic rigor and bite, how a group of desperate outcasts changed America forever, and in the process created a livable future for generations of people across the world.

Les traditions de matière médicale

Traditions of Materia Medica (300 BCE – 1300 CE)




Three-day conference 

16-18 June 2021 at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.


The theme of the conference is the transmission of pharmacology (in its many forms) before and after the writings of Galen of Pergamum. What approaches to drugs and medicines existed before Galen? How should we characterize them? And how was earlier pharmaceutical knowledge transferred, filtered, refined and challenged following the dissemination of Galen’s pharmacology?


The conference brings together scholars working on ancient Greek, Demotic, Coptic, Latin and Arabic pharmacology and medicine to discuss these questions. We will have talks on central but understudied authors and traditions, and we will discuss some ground-breaking methods of studying these traditions currently being developed in the history and philosophy of science, philology, botany, chemistry, archaeology, lexicography and digital humanities.


The programme is as follows:


16 June 2021

13:00 Introduction

13:10 David Leith, Exeter: Pharmacology in the Asclepiadean Sect

13:35 Irene Calà, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München: The Libri medicinales of Aetius Amidenus as Source for the Followers of Herophilus: Additional Fragments of Andreas of Carystus

14:00 Break

14:10 Caterina Manco, Paul Valéry – Montpellier: Galien lecteur du De materia medica de Dioscoride

14:35 Costanza de Martino, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin: Philumenus’ Sources in De venenatis animalibus eorumque remediis

15:00 Break

15:10 Amber Jacob, New York University: A Demotic Pharmacological Compendium from the Tebtunis Temple Library

15:35 Anne Grons, Philipps-Universität Marburg: Materia Medica in Coptic Medical Prescriptions

16:00 Break

16:10 Manuela Marai, Warwick: Wound and Skin Infection Treatment in Galen: Potential Antimicrobial Substances for Drug Development

16:35 Effie Photos-Jones, Glasgow: What Do You Do With a Problem Like … Lithargyros



17 June 2021

13:00 Greeting

13:10 Laurence Totelin, Cardiff: Traditions of Ancient Euporista

13:35 Caroline Petit, Warwick: Towards a new edition of Galen's treatise On Simple Drugs

14:00 Break

14:10 John Wilkins, Exeter: Materia Medica: A Study of Galen’s Inheritance of Materia Medica and His Theorising of It

14:35 P. N. Singer, Einstein Centre Chronoi Berlin: A Change in the Substance: Theory and its Limits in Galen's Simples

15:00 Break

15:10 Krzysztof Jagusiak and Konrad Tadajczyk, Łódź: Sitz Baths (ἐγκαθίσματα) in the Galenic Corpus

15:35 Simone Mucci, Warwick: ἀρχιατροί, Antidotes and Hellenistic and Roman Rulers

16:00 Break

16:10 Maximillian Haars, Philipps-Universität Marburg: Annotated Catalogue and Index of Medicinal Plants and Herbal Drugs in the Galenic Corpus

16:35 Barbara Zipser, Royal Holloway University London, and Andreas Lardos, Zurich: New Approaches to Ancient Botanical Lexicography



18 June 2021

13:00 Greeting

13:10 Alessia Guardasole, Centre national de la recherche scientifique, Paris: The Diacodyon (διὰ κωδυῶν) Remedy Throughout the Centuries

13:35 Petros Bouras-Vallianatos, Edinburgh: Pharmacological Substances from Asia in Late Antique and Byzantine Medical Works

14:00 Break

14:10 Matteo Martelli, Bologna: Minerals for Medicine and Alchemy: Dyes and Dry Pharmaka

14:35 Maciej Kokoszko, Łódź: A Few Words on a Certain Sweet Sauce, or On Dietetics and Materia Medica Included in De observatione ciborum by Anthimus

15:00 Break

15:10 Zofia Rzeźnicka, Łódź: Peeling / Scrubs in the Libri Medicinales of Aetius of Amida

15:35 Sean Coughlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin: Alchemies of Scent: Experimental Approaches to Medicinal Perfumes

16:00 Break

16:10 Lucia Raggetti, Bologna: Aristotle and a Gem Shop on Peacock Alley

16:35 Closing Remarks


Abstracts for all talks can be found at https://www.sfb-episteme.de/en/veranstaltungen/Tagungen/traditions-of-materia-medica/Abstracts-and-Programme.html


The event is free and open to all interested parties, but advance registration is required as space is limited. To register, please visit the conference website, https://www.sfb-episteme.de/en/veranstaltungen/Vorschau/2021/A03_traditions-of-materia-medica.html, or email info@sfb-episteme.de with your name, affiliation and your research interests. Please register by 11 June 2021.


The conference is hosted by the Sonderforschungsbereich (SFB) 980 Episteme in Bewegung and the Institut für Klassische Philologie at the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. It is organized by Sean Coughlin, Christine Salazar, Lisa Sherbakova, with Philip van der Eijk.

dimanche 6 juin 2021

Les dimensions sensorielles de l'emprisonnement à l'asile

A Refuge of Cure or Care: The Sensory Dimensions of Confinement at the Worcester State Hospital for the Insane
 

Madeline Kearin Ryan

Publisher : Lexington Books (May 18, 2021)
Language : English
Hardcover : 234 pages
ISBN-13 : 978-1793643810


In A Refuge of Cure or Care: The Sensory Dimensions of Confinement at the Worcester State Hospital for the Insane, Madeline Kearin Ryan analyzes the therapy model of the nineteenth-century asylum. Because the five senses were believed to provide a direct conduit into a person’s mental condition, the curative force of the hospital was thought to reside in its command over sensory experience. Ryan examines how the institution was designed to target each of the five senses as a mode of therapy, and conversely, how that well-intentioned design materialized in the haphazard realm of institutional practice. In doing so, Ryan seeks to reconcile the disjuncture between the benevolent promise of the asylum model and its ultimate failure in a way that captures the complex power dynamics and heterogeneity of actors within the institution.


Périodiques et santé au XVIIIe siècle

Périodiques et santé au XVIIIe siècle

Journée d'étude

Université Sorbonne nouvelle

11 juin 2021



La santé s’affirme au cours du XVIIIe siècle comme une question importante, discutée dans la société. Parallèlement au fait que la maladie est de plus en plus perçue comme une question pouvant avoir une dimension collective et un impact économique, il y a alors un net intérêt pour les sciences et la médecine. Les praticiens se sont certes investis dans la publication de livres, mais ils ont aussi fondé ou collaboré à des périodiques spécialisés en médecine, dont les premiers titres paraissent à la fin du XVIIe siècle. Parallèlement, les médecins ont aussi publié (mémoires, observations et lettres) dans de nombreux périodiques généralistes, rendant ainsi accessibles à un public différent des connaissances et nouvelles touchant à la santé. Les périodiques proposent un dispositif spécifique (multiplicité des points de vue et des observations, possibilité d’insérer rapidement des réactions, attention de plus en plus vive à l’actualité) que nous souhaitons interroger lors de cette journée d’études. 



Programme

10 : 00 : accueil

10 :15 Introduction



Anne Rasmussen, Centre Alexandre Koyré (présidence)


10 :30 Claire Boulard-Jouslin (Université Sorbonne Nouvelle)
« Santé publique et libertés : considérations sur la peste dans The Free Thinker (1718-1721) »

11 :00 Charlotta Wolff (Université de Turku)
« L'inoculation dans les périodiques suédois au dix-huitième siècle »

11 :30 Claire Gantet (Université de Fribourg)
« Presse et diffusion du mesmérisme dans les aires germanophones (1780-1820) »


Pause déjeuner


Jeanne Peiffer, Centre Alexandre Koyré (présidence)


14 :00 Isabelle Coquillard (Université Paris Nanterre)
« Les médecins parisiens et la presse médicale parisienne entre 1750 et 1789 : un « magasin où chacun peut apporter sans s’appauvrir et d’où il peut emporter sans appauvrir les autres »

14 :30 Philip Rieder (Université de Genève)
« Entrer en contact avec sa clientèle : la rubrique médicale du Journal de Genève (1787-1791) »

15 :00 Pause

15 :15 Meghan K. Roberts (Bowdoin College, Brunswick Etats-Unis)
« Claude-Nicolas Le Cat, les périodiques et le public »


16 :45 Patrice Bret, Centre Alexandre Koyré : Conclusion/ pistes de recherche


17 :00 Débats


Modalités de participation :
En raison du contexte sanitaire, la Journée d’études se tiendra en présentiel et en ligne.

L’inscription est obligatoire. Le lien de la visio-conférence sera envoyé par courriel uniquement aux personnes qui se seront préalablement inscrites auprès des organisatrices :

Yasmine Marcil : yasmine.marcil@sorbonne-nouvelle.fr

ou Maria Conforti : maria.conforti@uniroma1.it

samedi 5 juin 2021

La dissection des pauvres à Aberdeen

Reclaiming the Unclaimed: The Medical Schools of Aberdeen and the Dissection of the Poor c.1832-1914

 

Talk by  Dee Hoole


Wednesday, 9 June, at 11 am via Teams. 


The next on-line seminar of the Centre for History and Philosophy of Science, Technology and Medicine (CHPSTM) at the University of Aberdeen.


Dee Hoole, University of Aberdeen, will join us to discuss ‘Reclaiming the Unclaimed: The Medical Schools of Aberdeen and the Dissection of the Poor c.1832-1914’. The seminar will consist of a 20- to 30-minute presentation with 30 minutes or so for discussion afterwards. All are welcome.

There has been limited research on the workings of the 1832 Anatomy Act in Scotland which allowed the lawful, but non-consensual, supply of unclaimed corpses to be sent to the medical schools for dissection. The arrangements for facilitating this matter in Scotland differed somewhat from England in that ‘Funeratories’ were set up in Aberdeen, Glasgow, and Edinburgh. An Inspectorate of Anatomy was established throughout Great Britain to ensure compliance and regulation of the Act. However, arrangements for the procurement of cadavers did not always run smoothly and there were controversies which extended beyond the end of the century. The teachers of anatomy at Aberdeen were very much involved in the implementation of the Anatomy Act and the records of the subjects, their personal details, dates of dissection and interment have been preserved from 1840s. This research has uncovered the hitherto untold story of almost 1700 individuals, most of whom were unclaimed paupers, who were dissected at Aberdeen and whose anatomical remains were subsequently buried in the poor section of the cemetery. The drive towards professional medical identity at Aberdeen was bound together with an exploitable disposable anatomical resource – that of the city’s dead poor. Acknowledgement of their crucial role in medical educational history is overdue.


For a link to the Teams meeting, or for further information, please contact me on e.packham@abdn.ac.uk.

Conférences en histoire de la médecine et du corps dans l’Antiquité gréco-romaine

Conférences en histoire de la médecine et du corps dans l’Antiquité gréco-romaine


Du Lundi 7 au Mercredi 9 Juin 2021 de 9h00 à 13h00

Lieu. Visioconférence

Cycle de conférences de la Professeure Véronique DASEN à l’Université de Lille dans le cadre du dispositif Doctoral Visiting Professors du collège doctoral Lille-Nord de France

Programme :

• 7 juin 2021 9h – 13h
L’accueil des participants se fait à partir de 9h, la séance commencera à 9h15

La vie et la mort. Voyage aux limites de la médecine. Le médecin grec et romain face à la mort.
Cette conférence propose une introduction à l’histoire de la médecine gréco-romaine, de ses acteurs, de leurs théories, connaissances (anatomie, physiologie) et des moyens thérapeutiques mis en œuvre pour combattre la maladie dans différents contextes sanitaires et démographiques. Un volet sera dédié à la façon dont les médecins ont défini les limites de leur art, et géré, avec leur patient, la question difficile, hier comme aujourd’hui, de la maladie et de la mort, de l’aide au suicide.

Ars medica : la pratique médicale au féminin

Plusieurs obstacles épistémologiques ont freiné l’étude de la pratique médicale au féminin dans l’Antiquité gréco-romaine. En dépit du nombre relativement restreint de sources disponibles, il est aujourd’hui possible de réévaluer le rôle des femmes médecins en déconstruisant nos catégories modernes pour éviter les anachronismes. Le recours à une démarche pluridisciplinaire, basée sur des sources de natures diverses (écrites, iconographiques, archéologiques), permet de nuancer la partition des spécialisations selon les sexes. Les femmes furent non seulement au service d’autres femmes, mais aussi d’hommes. Le croisement des sources met en lumière les modalités d’une agency féminine avec différentes formes d’autorité, médicale et religieuse, et de reconnaissance sociale hors de la sphère privée qui invitent aussi à réévaluer l’impact des préjugés antiques – et modernes – sur l’infériorité « naturelle » des femmes et leur incapacité à gérer les responsabilités.

• 8 juin 2021 9h – 13h
L’accueil des participants se fait à partir de 9h, la séance commencera à 9h15

Le corps féminin : le point de vue du médecin
Les auteurs médicaux antiques ne s’accordent pas sur la question de savoir si les femmes sont ou non fondamentalement semblables aux hommes, à l’exception de quelques organes et fonctions. Certains pensent qu’hommes et femmes sont si différents que leurs maladies doivent être abordées de manière radicalement séparée. Dans le Corpus hippocratique, une série de traités relatifs aux femmes, les Gynaikeia (fin du Ve et IVe siècle av. J.-C.) expliquent que les femmes sont profondément différentes des hommes, d’une altérité qui s’étend jusqu’à la nature de leur chair. Le terme de Gynaikeia ne signifie pas seulement les « maladies des femmes », mais désigne aussi les remèdes spécifiques aux femmes, les menstruations et les organes génitaux féminins ; le mot lui-même résume à sa manière tout ce qui fait que les femmes sont « différentes ».

Faire un bel enfant : craintes, espoirs et recettes dans l’Antiquité
Cette conférence sera consacrée à l’une des périodes de plus grande fragilité de l’être humain qui mène de la conception à l’accouchement, en examinant les pratiques et les croyances qui visent à assurer la survie de la mère et de l’enfant. Depuis l’Antiquité́, on pense qu’une mère experte saura faire un bel enfant, et que sa négligence, ou son ignorance, est la cause de tous les maux de l’enfant à venir. Un examen attentif des sources disponibles révèle le rôle actif attribué à l’embryon qui peut être pensé comme un être déjà doué d’une forme de personnalité, objet de soins spécifiques. Des échanges mystérieux se produisent en effet entre la mère et l’enfant qu’elle porte. Ils font peser sur la mère une lourde responsabilité, celle de produire un bel enfant, en bonne santé, semblable à ses parents, surtout à son père… sans anomalie, ni malformation. Cette conférence explorera les différentes facettes de ces craintes, espoirs et recettes dans l’Antiquité́ sans négliger l’influence d’autres facteurs, indépendants de la volonté́ maternelle.

• 9 juin 2021 9h – 13h
L’accueil des participants se fait à partir de 9h, la séance commencera à 9h15

Jumeaux, jumelles dans les sociétés grecques et romaines
La naissance simultanée de plusieurs enfants est un événement rare et inattendu qui a de tout temps suscité des réactions contrastées. Tantôt synonymes de désordre, tantôt de prospérité, quel accueil ont reçu les jumeaux en Grèce et à Rome ? Vers quel pôle a penché cette ambivalence dans la vie quotidienne ? Seule une approche interdisciplinaire permet de restituer la place des naissances multiples dans la société antique.

Normal, anormal ? Regards sur les différences corporelles en Grèce et à Rome
Dans le monde grec antique, si marqué par la valorisation de la beauté corporelle, le traitement de la différence ou de la malformation physique, transmis par les représentations iconographiques, l’archéologie et les textes, est contrasté. Les discours normatifs ne semblent pas correspondre à la pratique qui varie de cas en cas, selon les différentes formes d’anomalie. Le rejet n’est pas la règle, certaines malformations peuvent au contraire conférer des compétences, comme dans l’exemple du nanisme. Le principe allégorique alliant le concept de vice moral à celui de défaut corporel semble trouver son origine dans l’esthétique hellénistique. Il s’inscrit dans une longue tradition occidentale qu’il nous revient de déconstruire.

Pour obtenir le lien de connexion, merci de contacter l’organisatrice de l’évènement : Organisatrice : Caroline Husquin (caroline.husquin@univ-lille.fr)

Le programme est consultable en PDF ici

vendredi 4 juin 2021

Agonie et démembrement de Léon Gambetta

Un corps partagé. Agonie et démembrement de Léon Gambetta

Anne CAROL



Jérôme Million
224 Pages
2021
2-84137-383-3 -



Le 31 décembre 1882, peu avant minuit, Léon Gambetta meurt. Le 2 janvier, le gouvernement envoie pas moins de treize médecins qui viennent procéder à l’autopsie du tribun. Si la tombe du «père de la république» est demeurée à Nice et son cœur transféré au Panthéon, on ne retrouva pas sa tête et c’est un corps mutilé qui est enterré. Le corps de Gambetta était déjà surexposé de son vivant: c’est le corps d’un tribun, soupçonné avant sa mort de tentations césaristes, un corps qui incarne à la fois la République (qu’il a fondée) et la nation (qu’il a défendue). Retracer les tribulations de ce corps permet de déplier les tensions dans le traitement du patient (choix des moyens thérapeutiques, gestion de la vérité), puis du cadavre (prélèvement de pièces anatomiques et/ou de reliques, culte familial des morts ou culte des grands hommes), et au-delà d’explorer les frontières entre corps privé et corps public.

Bourse Michael E. DeBakey 2022

Michael E. DeBakey Fellowship in the History of Medicine for 2022

Call for applications 


The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is pleased to announce applications are open to its Michael E. DeBakey Fellowship in the History of Medicine.

The NLM Michael E. DeBakey Fellowship in the History of Medicine provides up to $10,000 to support onsite research in the historical collections of the National Library of Medicine, which span ten centuries, encompass a variety of digital and physical formats, and originate from nearly every part of the globe. The collections include the Michael E. DeBakey papers—representing the diverse areas in which DeBakey made a lasting impact, such as surgery, medical education, and health care policy—along with the papers of many other luminaries in science and medicine.

Anyone over the age of eighteen, of any academic discipline and status, who has not previously received this Fellowship may apply. Non-U.S. citizens may apply. Group applications should be submitted under the name of a single principal researcher.

For details about the application process and required documents, please visit this website dedicated to the Fellowship.

To apply for the NLM Michael E. DeBakey Fellowship in the History of Medicine, submit all required materials to the Foundation for Advanced Education in the Sciences (FAES) via the online application portal, by midnight EDT, September 30, 2021. Selected fellows will be notified and awards will be announced in December.

For further information about the materials available for historical research at the National Library of Medicine, please visit the NLM History of Medicine Division website, or contact the NLM History of Medicine via NLM Customer Support.

The NLM Michael E. DeBakey Fellowship was established in 2016 and is supported by The DeBakey Medical Foundation, in honor and memory of Michael E. DeBakey (1908–2008), a legendary American surgeon, educator, and medical statesman. During a career spanning 75 years, his work transformed cardiovascular surgery, raised medical education standards, and informed national health care policy. He pioneered dozens of operative procedures such as aneurysm repair, coronary bypass, and endarterectomy, which routinely save thousands of lives each year, and performed some of the first heart transplants. His inventions included the roller pump (a key component of heart-lung machines) as well as artificial hearts and ventricular assist pumps. He was a driving force in building Houston’s Baylor University College of Medicine into a premier medical center, where he trained several generations of top surgeons from all over the world. He was a visionary supporter of the NLM, playing a pivotal role in its transformation from the Armed Forces Medical Library in the 1950s, in the establishment of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine in the 1960s, in launching NLM’s outreach initiatives in the 1990s, and in promoting the digitization of its indexes to pre-1960s journal articles.