mercredi 31 août 2016

Histoire du suicide

History of Suicide 

Historical Reflections/Reflexions Historiques (Vol. 42, Issue 2) 

Editors' Introduction
Linda Mitchell and Brian Newsome

"It Is Better to Die": Abbé Rousseau and the Meanings of Suicide
Jeffrey Merrick

From Act to Fact: The Transformation of Suicide in Western Thought
Daniel Gordon

Jules Vallès and Séverine: Romantic Socialism and the Afterlife of a Cross-Sex Friendship in French Political Culture, 1880-1929
Michael Mulvey

Beyond the Myth of Lesbian Montmartre: The Case of Chez Palmyre
Leslie Choquette

"What to Do with the Girls?" The Legacy of Women Farm Workers in Britain, 1919-1939
Bonnie White

"Clear and Present Danger": The Legacy of the 1917 Espionage Act in the United States
Petra DeWitt

Les définitions médicales et religieuses de l'altérité

Religious and/or Medicinal definitions of Otherness

Call for papers

Religion and medicine were in many ways intertwined in the Middle Ages, both in explaining deviance, illness and impairment as well as in the healing practices. They are not anymore seen as competing but rather as supporting, even complementing each other. Both religion and medicine had their own ways of defining the undesirable, which could lead to the construction of ‘The Other’ – be it disability, mental disorder, or heterodoxy. Some features, like lunacy, leprosy, impotence, or infertility were in the nexus of both religious and medicinal explanations. Both religion and medicine could also offer methods for cure and ways to integrate the deviant persons back into a community. The interconnection of both concepts can be found, for example, in hagiography, sermons, medical treatises and herbals. These sessions aim to analyse healing as cultural practice; the focal questions are how religious and medicinal explanation intermingled in the construction of ‘the Other’ and in what ways they complemented or competed in explaining, categorizing and treating different spiritual, mental and bodily conditions. We aim at organizing a double session focusing on following questions:

· Role of medicine and/or religion in constructing the Other

· Role of medicine and/or religion in experiences of the patient

· Religion and medicine – rivalling, complementing or symbiotic?

· Treating the patient, curing the ailment – integration or permanent marginalization?

· Faith healing and placebo – synonyms, interconnection, anachronisms?

We encourage proposals sensitive to temporal and/or geographical changes focusing on various cultural levels and social contexts. Those interested in presenting a paper in this panel, please submit an abstract of roughly 250-300 words to the organisers by 23 September 2016.

Jenni Kuuliala
Sari Katajala-Peltomaa
Trivium, Tampere Centre for Classical, Medieval, and Early Modern Studies

mardi 30 août 2016

Les mots des mères du XVIIe à nos jours

Les mots des mères du XVIIe à nos jours

de Yvonne KNIBIEHLER et Martine SAGAERT

Broché: 1216 pages
Editeur : Bouquins (14 avril 2016)
Collection : Bouquins
Langue : Français
ISBN-13: 978-2221122235

Longtemps, les hommes ont défini la maternité à leur manière : succédant aux prêtres, les philosophes, les médecins, les politiques ont prescrit des règles de conduite aux " filles d'Ève ". Les femmes n'avaient pas leur mot à dire, à l'exception des mieux nanties ou des plus combatives. Progressivement, l'instruction des filles s'est généralisée, les femmes ont osé revendiquer leurs droits. Puis, grâce aux progrès scientifiques, elles ont pu limiter leur fécondité, devenir mères selon leur volonté et non plus selon leur " nature ". Et en gagnant leur vie, en accédant à l'espace public, elles ont pris la parole de plus en plus librement.
Que disent les femmes, qu'écrivent-elles sur la maternité, sur la relation entre mère et enfant ? En leur donnant ici la parole, en mettant en valeur leurs dits et leurs écrits, présentés dans leur contexte historique et social, cet ouvrage, qui inclut une anthologie littéraire – du XVIIe siècle à nos jours –, offre une histoire passionnante et originale.
D'une grande diversité (lettres, billets d'abandon, conseils de nourrices, traités d'éducation, poèmes, journaux, romans, autofictions, écrits pour la jeunesse, bandes dessinées, blogs...), les textes proposés émanent d'écrivaines célèbres ou d'anonymes. En abordant des thèmes aussi divers que le déni de grossesse, les nouvelles configurations familiales, la transmission maternelle ou la conciliation maternité-travail, ils illustrent des évolutions de la société contemporaine et les nouvelles façons d'être mère.

Femmes, santé et maternité dans les systèmes de justice criminelle anglais et irlandais

‘Women, Health and Maternity in the English and Irish Criminal Justice Systems’

Postdoctoral Research Fellowship

University of Warwick - Department of History

Location: Coventry
Salary: £28,982 to £37,768 
Hours: Full Time
Contract Type: Contract / Temporary

Placed on: 9th August 2016
Closes: 6th September 2016
Job Ref: 1578020

You will be employed as Postdoctoral Research Fellow (Public Engagement) as part of the Wellcome Trust Senior Investigator Award project ‘Prisoners, Medical Care and Entitlement to Health in England and Ireland, 1850-2000’, a collaborative project between Professor Hilary Marland of the Warwick History Department and Dr Catherine Cox (School of History and Archives, University College Dublin), the project’s two Principal Investigators (PIs). The project runs for 5 years (2014-19), and a full-time Postdoctoral Research Fellow is sought for 3 years commencing 1 January 2017.

You will conduct a specified programme of research on ‘Women, Health and Maternity in the English and Irish Criminal Justice Systems’, involving independent and collaborative historical research in archives and libraries in England and Ireland, along lines agreed with the project’s PIs. The Research Fellow will also advance and organise public outreach activities central to the project. The post will be based at the Centre for the History of Medicine (CHM), University of Warwick, and supervised by Professor Marland. During research visits to Ireland, the postholder will report to Dr Catherine Cox.

You will produce high quality academic outputs based on your research. You will work collaboratively within the project’s research team, provide frequent reports on the research conducted, assist in co-convening policy workshops and producing policy reports, and play a lead role in the management of public events, social media activity and the project website. You will be expected to travel to Ireland (funded by the grant) to conduct research and to attend project meetings.

Potential applicants are welcome to contact PI Hilary Marland to discuss the nature of the post in advance of application.

If you have not yet been awarded your PhD but are near submission or have recently submitted your PhD, any offers of employment will be made as Research Assistant on level 5 of the University grade structure (£28,143 pa). Upon successful award of your PhD and evidence of this fact, you will be promoted to Research Fellow on the first point of level 6 of the University grade structure (£28,982 pa).

Full details of the duties and selection criteria for this role are found in the vacancy advert on the University of Warwick jobs page. You will be routed to this when you click on the Apply button below.

lundi 29 août 2016

Le sommeil dans l'Angleterre prémoderne

Sleep in Early Modern England

Sasha Handley

Yale University Press
Publication date:15 Aug 2016
296 pages

Drawing on diverse archival sources and material artifacts, Handley reveals that the way we sleep is as dependent on culture as it is on biological and environmental factors. After 1660 the accepted notion that sleepers lay at the mercy of natural forces and supernatural agents was challenged by new medical thinking about sleep's relationship to the nervous system. This breakthrough coincided with radical changes shaping everything from sleeping hours to bedchambers. Handley's illuminating work documents a major evolution in our conscious understanding of the unconscious.

Le cerveau médiéval

The Medieval Brain

Call for papers

Workshop at University of York
10th and 11th March 2017.

As we research aspects of the medieval brain, we encounter complications generated by medieval thought and twenty-first century medicine and neurology alike. Our understanding of modern-day neurology, psychiatry, disability studies, and psychology rests on shifting sands. Not only do we struggle with medieval terminology concerning the brain, but we have to connect it with a constantly-moving target of modern understanding. Though we strive to avoid interpreting the past using presentist terms, it is difficult – or impossible – to work independently of the framework of our own modern understanding. This makes research into the medieval brain and ways of thinking both challenging and exciting. As we strive to know more about specifically medieval experiences, while simultaneously widening our understanding of the brain today, we much negotiate a great deal of complexity.
In this two-day workshop, to be held at the University of York on Friday 10th and Saturday 11th March 2017 under the auspices of the Centre for Chronic Diseases and Disorders, we will explore the topic of ‘the medieval brain’ in the widest possible sense. The ultimate aim is to provide a forum for discussion, stimulating new collaborations from a multitude of voices on, and approaches to, the theme.
This call is for papers to comprise a series of themed sessions of papers and/or roundtables that approach the subject from a range of different, or an interweaving of, disciplines. Potential topics of discussion might include, but are not restricted to:
  • Mental health
  • Neurology
  • The history of emotions
  • Disability and impairment
  • Terminology and the brain
  • Ageing and thinking
  • Retrospective diagnosis and the Middle Ages
  • Interdisciplinary practice and the brain
  • The care of the sick
  • Herbals and medieval medical texts
Research that grapples with terminology, combines unconventional disciplinary approaches, and/or sparks debates around the themes is particularly welcome. We will be encouraging diversity, and welcome speakers from all backgrounds, including those from outside of traditional academia. All efforts will be made to ensure that the conference is made accessible to those who are not able to attend through live-tweeting and through this blog.
Please send abstracts of up to 250 words for independent papers, or expressiond of interest for roundtable topics/themed paper panels, to Deborah Thorpe at: before
Friday 21st October.

dimanche 28 août 2016

Pietro d'Abano

Between Text and Tradition. Pietro d’Abano and the Reception of Pseudo-Aristotle’s Problemata Physica in the Middle Ages

Edited by Pieter De Leemans & Maarten J.F.M. Hoenen

Leuven University Press
ISBN 9789462700635

The commentary of Pietro d’Abano on Bartholomew’s Latin translation of Pseudo-Aristotle's Problemata Physica, published in 1310, constitutes an important historical source for the investigation of the complex relationship between text, translation, and commentary in a non-curricular part of the corpus Aristotelicum.
As the eight articles in this volume show, the study of Pietro’s commentary not only provides valuable insights into the manner in which a commentator deals with the problems of a translated text, but will also bring to light the idiosyncrasy of Pietro’s approach in comparison to his contemporaries and successors, the particularities of his commentary in light of the habitual exegetical practices applied in the teaching of regular curricular texts, as well as the influence of philosophical traditions outside the strict framework of the medieval arts faculty.

Notes about the contributors

Maarten J.F.M. HOENEN – Pieter DE LEEMANS
Pietro d’Abano between Text and Tradition: Introduction

Pietro d’Abano: médecin ou philosophe?

Ego, Petrus Paduanus, philosophie minimus alumpnorum. Pietro d’Abano’s Preface to his Expositio Problematum

Sex and Sensibilities in the Medieval Problemata Tradition: Pietro d’Abano and His Readers

From Abstinence to Promiscuity: Men, Beasts and Eunuchs in the Expositio Problematum of Pietro d’Abano

La compassion selon Pietro d’Abano: contamination et action à distance

Christian MEYER
Entre musique et philosophie de la nature: le défi de la section XIX des Problemata Physica aristotéliciens

Botany, Dietetics, and Pharmacy in Pietro d’Abano’s Expositio Problematum: On Sections XX, XXI, and XXII

Pietro d’Abano traduit et recyclé par Évrart de Conty

Index codicum manu scriptorum

Index nominum

Prélude et conséquences de la Grande Peste

Before and After 1348: Prelude and Consequences of the Black Death,

Call for papers

Panel organized by Monica Green, email:

The 14th-Century Society has very graciously permitted me to host a session on the Black Death at Kalamazoo next year. The ICMS/Kalamazoo meeting will be held, as it always is, at Western Michigan University in Kalamazoo, Michigan. Dates are 11-14 May 2017. Here’s the general information on the Congress:

Abstract: The “new paradigm” of Black Death studies has adopted the findings of recent paleogenetics and evolutionary understandings of Yersinia pestis's late medieval genetic diversification to see the Black Death as a much broader epidemiological phenomenon than previously realized. Although Black Death narratives are usually told from the perspective of western Europe, it is in fact likely that much of Eurasia and North Africa was affected by the newly proliferating organism. And in many of those areas, we know now, plague “focalized,” becoming embedded in the local fauna and thus persisting for years, or even centuries, thereafter. This session invites work that looks both at the late medieval pandemic’s origins before 1348 (whether in China or other places in central Eurasia) and its after-effects, including the 1360-63 pestis secunda. Cultural as well as scientific approaches are welcome.

The official Call for Papers will be available from the conference organizers by mid to late July. It lists Debra Salata, of the 14th-Century Society, as the official contact person, but I would appreciate it if you could send proposals directly to me:
Paper proposals (a one-page abstract and a Participant Information Form) are due to session organizers by September 15. The links to information on this process and the Participation Information Form may be found at

Needless to say, submissions (and eventual presentations, if accepted) must abide by normal Congress rules: You may wish to know that the newly created Contagions: Society for Historic Infectious Disease Studies will also be sponsoring two sessions, tentatively entitled "Historic Landscapes of Disease,” and "The Great Transition: Climate, Disease, and Society in the Late Medieval World: A Roundtable on Bruce Campbell’s New Book.” For info on those sessions, please contact Michelle Ziegler,

samedi 27 août 2016

Les voleurs de cadavres

Bodysnatchers. Digging Up The Untold Stories of Britain’s Resurrection Men

Suzie Lennox

Imprint: Pen & Sword History
Pages: 133
ISBN: 9781783463428
Published: 6th July 2016

In this chilling history of the bodysnatching trade, the stories of Britain's lesser known Resurrection Men are told. Here are the stories of the men who robbed graves during the winter months of 1742 - 1832, selling fresh cadavers to anatomists up and down the country all in aid of medical advancement. The murders of Burke and Hare often dominate the macabre tales of bodysnatching, but the stories of Henry Gillies, William Patrick and Joseph Grainger are all just as gruesome. Stories involving medical students and anatomists are retold as we discover the cases that have become hidden in history. 

Anatomy schools, short of fresh cadavers for dissection would pay high prices for corpses, asking no questions about their origins. This resulted in the criminal underworld of the ‘Sack ‘em up Men’ or bodysnatchers, which spread fear and horror throughout the United Kingdom. It’s time to discover these lesser known stories about Britain’s often forgotten history.

Réunion d'histoire de la santé

15e réunion d'histoire de la santé

Organisée par la Société d'histoire et patrimoine pharmaceutiques de basse-Normandie (Caen) et la Conférence rennaise d'histoire de la médecine et de la santé (Rennes)

Samedi 10 septembre, de 10 heures à 16 heures
à l'Abbaye de Hambye (près d'Avranches)

Accueil entre 9h45 et 10 heures

L'épidémie de choléra de 1832
M. Bernard Beck, Caen

Une correspondance récemment publiée : Bretonneau, Velpeau, Trousseau.
Dr Alain Caubet, Rennes

Saignare, Pugnare... des humeurs à l'hirudologie
Dr Guy Gaboriau, auteur d'Outils de la santé et de la méd'ecine d'autrefois (2004), Vannes
Le docteur Gaboriau présentera les instruemnts de sa collection s'y rapportant.

Napoléon a-t-il été assassiné ? un exemple de la démarche scientifique
Dr Jean-EZudes Hunault, Sai

Journal de guerre d'une civile de Périers-sur-le-Dan 1940-1945
M. Jacques Le Carpentier, Caen

vendredi 26 août 2016

Une correspondance entre deux médecins humanistes

Une correspondance entre deux médecins humanistes. Johann Crato von Krafftheim, Girolamo Mercuriale

Édité par Jean-Michel AGASSE, Concetta PENNUTO

344 p. 
ISBN 978-2-600-01875-3

Tous deux sont médecins et fameux en leur siècle : l’Italien Girolamo Mercuriale et le Polonais Johann Crato. Ils se rencontrent à Vienne en 1573. Le premier, après avoir servi le cardinal Farnese, est à l’aube d’une brillante carrière universitaire et enseigne pour l’heure à Padoue. Le second, onze ans plus âgé, est au service de Maximilien II depuis 1564. Son dévouement aux Habsbourg lui vaudra à la fin de sa vie le titre de « Médecin de trois empereurs ». Leur rencontre est brève, sans doute guère plus de vingt jours, ils vont s’écrire douze ans, jusqu’à la mort de Crato. Plusieurs des lettres proposées ici sont inédites, aucune n’avait jamais été traduite en français. On y débat bien sûr de médecine, de politique, de religion, mais le quotidien s’y taille la part belle : postes à pourvoir, polémiques, tumultes de la cour et de la vie universitaire, derniers livres parus, sans oublier cette question essentielle : comment faire passer de Transylvanie à Padoue une paire de chevaux ?

Sciences, techniques, pouvoirs et sociétés au XVIe siècle

Sciences, techniques, pouvoirs et sociétés au XVIe siècle

Appel à contributions

Le Verger, revue en ligne du site Cornucopia, consacre son onzième numéro aux "Sciences, techniques, pouvoirs et sociétés, au XVIe siècle" , en lien avec une partie du programme de l’agrégation d’histoire pour les sessions 2017 à 2018.

Notre revue étant spécialisée dans l’étude de la Renaissance, ce numéro n’a pas vocation à couvrir la totalité de la question d’agrégation d’histoire moderne (qui s’étend également aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles), mais se veut seulement une contribution à la réflexion mise en oeuvre autour de ce programme, qui pourra être utile aux futurs candidats. D’essence pluridisciplinaire, le Verger a vocation à accueillir des articles d’histoire, mais aussi de littérature, d’histoire de l’art, de philosophie ou toute autre discipline en lien avec le sujet proposé.

Nous avons choisi de ne pas restreindre l’espace géographique comme le prévoit la lettre de cadrage du programme d’agrégation, à laquelle les auteurs pourront cependant se reporter avec profit[1]. Nous insistons particulièrement sur « la dimension globale de l’histoire des savoirs scientifiques et techniques elle-même […] dans la mesure où elle concerne l’impact des circulations extra-européennes et des effets du laboratoire colonial sur la production de savoirs scientifiques et techniques en Europe (organisation des voyages lointains, méthodes d’enquête et de mesure conçues à cet effet et réception des savoirs locaux en Europe) ».

Ce programme d’agrégation s’inscrit dans un renouvellement de l’histoire des sciences et des techniques qui s’appuie sur l’intérêt pour la construction sociale et politique des savoirs.

Les auteurs sont invités à travailler pour ce numéro sur la place des sciences et des techniques dans les sociétés et la façon dont elles interagissent avec les pouvoirs politiques, religieux et académiques.

A cette fin, diverses orientations, non exclusives, pourront être envisagées :

– les héritages antiques et médiévaux

– l’évolution de la conception du monde

– l’évolution de l’idée de Nature

– l’écriture et la circulation des savoirs géographiques, cartographiques et botaniques

– la constitution et la théorisation des cabinets de curiosité,

– la mise en œuvre des savoirs astronomiques et astrologiques

– la réception, la diffusion et la représentation des sciences et techniques dans l’art.

– les évolutions techniques

– la présence et la circulation des savants dans les cours européennes et extra-européennes et leurs enjeux diplomatiques

– le mécénat et les enjeux économiques liés à la production et à la circulation des savoirs

– la médecine et les médecins

– le regard de la Réforme ou de la Contre-Réforme sur les sciences

Nous laissons les contributeurs libres du choix de leur sujet. Les articles, en français ou en anglais, peuvent être de longueur variable, dans une limite de 8 à 15 pages, soit entre 30 000 et 50 000 caractères environ (espaces compris, notes incluses).

Toutes les propositions seront examinées par l’équipe de Cornucopia et soumises à l’approbation du comité de lecture du Verger.

Avant le 1er septembre 2016 : adresser une proposition composée d’un titre provisoire et d’un résumé d’une page maximum à l’adresse suivante :
15 septembre 2016 : réponse du comité de lecture.
15 janvier 2017 : remise des articles sous forme électronique, respectant la feuille de style.
1er mars 2017 : mise en ligne du numéro 

jeudi 25 août 2016

L'histoire du patient H.M.

Patient H.M.: A Story of Memory, Madness, and Family Secrets 

Luke Dittrich

Hardcover: 464 pages
Publisher: Random House (Aug. 9 2016)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0812992733
ISBN-13: 978-0812992731

In 1953, a twenty-seven-year-old factory worker named Henry Molaison—who suffered from severe epilepsy—received a radical new version of the then-common lobotomy, targeting the most mysterious structures in the brain. The operation failed to eliminate Henry’s seizures, but it did have an unintended effect: Henry was left profoundly amnesic, unable to create long-term memories. Over the next sixty years, Patient H.M., as Henry was known, became the most studied individual in the history of neuroscience, a human guinea pig who would teach us much of what we know about memory today.

Patient H.M. is, at times, a deeply personal journey. Dittrich’s grandfather was the brilliant, morally complex surgeon who operated on Molaison—and thousands of other patients. The author’s investigation into the dark roots of modern memory science ultimately forces him to confront unsettling secrets in his own family history, and to reveal the tragedy that fueled his grandfather’s relentless experimentation—experimentation that would revolutionize our understanding of ourselves.

Dittrich uses the case of Patient H.M. as a starting point for a kaleidoscopic journey, one that moves from the first recorded brain surgeries in ancient Egypt to the cutting-edge laboratories of MIT. He takes readers inside the old asylums and operating theaters where psychosurgeons, as they called themselves, conducted their human experiments, and behind the scenes of a bitter custody battle over the ownership of the most important brain in the world.

Patient H.M. combines the best of biography, memoir, and science journalism to create a haunting, endlessly fascinating story, one that reveals the wondrous and devastating things that can happen when hubris, ambition, and human imperfection collide.

Rêver au XIXe siècle

Rêver au XIXe siècle

Appel à contributions

Revue Romantisme n°2017-4
sous la responsabilité de Jacqueline Carroy

Même si l’on peut identifier les prémisses de cette position au siècle précédent, c’est sans doute une nouveauté propre au XIXe siècle que de vouloir démystifier tous les rêves. La distinction entre rêves ordinaires naturels et rêves extraordinaires, telle qu’avaient pu l’accréditer plusieurs traditions dans des registres variés (religieuses, onirocritiques, populaires, poétiques…) est remise en cause. Rêve et songe deviennent en français des substantifs synonymes tandis que les verbes songer et rêver se chargent de sens différents : rêver renverrait dès lors principalement aux visions et aux voix de la nuit ; songer et penser tendraient à se rapprocher. Ce nouveau partage terminologique est lié à un mouvement de sécularisation et de naturalisation qui identifie rêves et songes sous le signe d’une même activité, banale, du corps et de l’esprit, qualifiée d’involontaire, d’automatique, d’inconsciente ou de subconsciente au cours du siècle, tournée dans l’ensemble vers le passé plus que vers l’avenir, et en tous les cas sans caractère surnaturel ou extra-naturel.
Le sommeil et les rêves sont soumis à l’épreuve de l’observation, de l’expérience et de l’enquête par des philosophes, des médecins, des psychiatres, mais aussi par des amateurs savants ou cultivés, qui veulent édifier une science ; les diaristes les consignent, soucieux de scruter leur subjectivité. Bien avant Freud, écrire, collecter et parfois dessiner ses rêves et ceux des autres renvoient à une activité de savoir, parfois thérapeutique, parfois chargée d’enjeux autobiographiques ou esthétiques. La science des rêves émergente mène un combat contre les « superstitions » de toutes sortes qui assignent aux visions de la nuit un sens prémonitoire ou prophétique et en surestiment la valeur. Cependant certains savants, et non des moindres, peuvent chercher à ré-enchanter les songes, dans le cadre de ce que l’on appelle par exemple « les sciences psychiques », équivalent approximatif de ce que l’on nommera ensuite la parapsychologie.
Il peut être intéressant d’explorer les « pays des rêves » du XIXe siècle, pour reprendre une expression de Charles Nodier : ceux des rêves ordinaires, comme ceux des rêves extraordinaires dont ils se démarquent, si possible dans des aires linguistiques et culturelles européennes différentes. Plus précisément, à partir de ce propos général, il s’agit, en menant des études de cas précises, de mettre au jour des frontières, mais aussi des intersections et des syncrétismes, ou encore de se demander en quoi la science des rêves a inspiré d’autres approches d’ordre littéraire et artistique, et réciproquement en quoi celles-ci ont affecté les approches savantes. Cela implique d’identifier des ruptures et parfois des circulations d’un pays des rêves à l’autre, des pratiques inédites, contrastées ou hybrides de mise en forme – narratives, poétiques ou plastiques -, d’expériences nocturnes.
Ce dossier de la revue Romantisme vise à proposer de mener une approche de l’histoire des rêves à la croisée de la psychologie, de la physiologie, de la psychiatrie, de la littérature, de l’art et de la religion. Le projet entend mobiliser des chercheurs qui s’intéressent aux différentes conceptions et pratiques d’un rêver qui affecte au XIXe siècle, de façon différente mais parfois proche, ceux et celles qui passent leurs visions nocturnes au crible des traités savants de toutes sortes, des livres des romanciers et des poètes, des gravures et des tableaux, mais aussi de la Bible et des Clefs des songes.

Les propositions de contribution sont attendues pour le 15 septembre 2016, sous la forme d’un résumé de 300 mots environ assorti d’une courte bibliographie. Elles doivent être adressées à Jacqueline Carroy, coordinatrice du dossier (
Le sommaire définitif sera établi en octobre 2016.
Les articles (de 30 000 signes espaces compris maximum) devront être remis le 31 mars 2017 au plus tard, mis aux normes typographiques de la revue et assortis d’un résumé de 800 signes.

mercredi 24 août 2016

L'avortement au Canada

Without Apology: Writings on Abortion in Canada

Edited by Shannon Stettner

Athabasca University Press
August 2016
ISBN 9781771991599

Until the late 1960s, the authorities on abortion were for the most part men—politicians, clergy, lawyers, physicians, all of whom had an interest in regulating women’s bodies. Even today, when we hear women speak publicly about abortion, the voices are usually those of the leaders of women’s and abortion rights organizations, women who hold political office, and, on occasion, female physicians. We also hear quite frequently from spokeswomen for anti-abortion groups. Rarely, however, do we hear the voices of ordinary women—women whose lives have been in some way touched by abortion. Their thoughts typically owe more to human circumstance than to ideology, and without them, we run the risk of thinking and talking about the issue of abortion only in the abstract.

Without Apology seeks to address this issue by gathering the voices of activists, feminists, and scholars as well as abortion providers and clinic support staff alongside the stories of women whose experience with abortion is more personal. With the particular aim of moving beyond the polarizing rhetoric that has characterized the issue of abortion and reproductive justice for so long, Without Apology is an engrossing and arresting account that will promote both reflection and discussion.

Le contrôle de la sexualité et de la reproduction

Controlling Sexuality and Reproduction, Past and Present

Call for Papers – Edited Collection

We invite submissions for inclusion in an edited collection to be published as a book through the University of Toronto Press. All papers will be vetted for suitability by the editor and will undergo a peer review process.

We seek papers that explore, challenge, and illuminate:
  • the seeming naturalness of historical and current efforts to control and marginalize certain kinds of sex and reproduction, and the commonalities and differences amongst these various efforts to police sexual, reproductive and family lives
  • how particular sets of behaviours or peoples are targets of control, and thus what kinds of ‘normal’ values are being upheld
  • the production of ableism, heteronormativity, Whiteness, gender, and ideal citizenship

Papers should address, in some way, the question of how states, institutions and citizen groups have been – and continue to be – deeply concerned with producing an ideal, normative citizenry by controlling sex, sexuality and reproduction. They should consider why or how certain kinds of sexuality and certain kinds of sexual actors are more likely than others to be policed and contained. Thus, we welcome papers that examine how, in the past and in the current context, marginalized people and practices have been subject to containment, harassment, prosecution or ‘correction’ in terms of their sexual and reproductive lives.

We welcome analyses of how these efforts have targeted people who are labelled as disabled; sexually or gender deviant; Indigenous or members of a racialized group; members of non-normative family forms; inmates in prisons, asylums and other institutional sites; dependent on the welfare state; engaging in non-heteronormative sexual practices or; involved in sex work and/or sex surrogacy

Thus, we welcome historical and current-context analyses of efforts at containment such as:
  • the role of settler states, then and now, in containing and erasing indigenous and other racialized groups’ marital forms, family ties, and reproductive capacities 
  • policing and prosecuting polygynous and polygamous family forms, historically and currently;
  • the heteronormative surveillance, policing and regulation of queer and trans* people’s sexuality and reproductive capacity
  • the regulation and prosecution of sex work and sex workers, and in particular how this regulation and prosecution connects to racialization and indigeneity
  • the protectionism, infantilization or demonization of disabled or mad people; limiting support and access to disabled people’s sexual and familial lives;
  • chemical and medical interventions in prisons, institutions, hospitals, and asylums; segregation through residential schools and other institutions; segregation and containment embedded in community practice, and in immigration policy;
  • formal and informal practices of reproductive injustice, violence, abuse, and/or exclusion.
  • the effects of law, bioethics, medicine, policy, psychistry,social services or media representation on queer, trans*, disabled, mad or racialized people’s reproductive and sexual rights.

Submissions should be in APA Style, between 5,000 and 6,000 words in total, and made by October 31, 2016 to Dr. Claudia Malacrida and Dr. Danielle Peers c/o for review.

Please include: author name(s), author affiliation, a 300-word abstract, and up to 8 keywords with your submission. Submissions must not be previously-published or submitted for publication elsewhere in order to be considered for inclusion in this volume.

Claudia Malacrida
Associate Vice President (Research)
Professor of Sociology
University of Lethbridge
B-632, University Hall
4401 University Drive
Lethbridge, Alberta
Canada T1K 3M4


mardi 23 août 2016

L'autopathographie française

French Autopathography

L'esprit créateur 56:2 (2016) Summer

Editor(s): Steven Wilson

Introduction: Embodiment, Identity, and the Patient’s Story
Steven Wilson

De la création à la mutilation : Les récits d’Adèle Lauzier, femme, artiste et folle au XIXe siècle
Aude Fauvel

“Je-sans-moi”: Patients, Pain, and Painlessness in Malraux’s Lazare
Anna Magdalena Elsner

“Je ne sais plus du tout qui je suis”: The Phenomenology of Cancer in Anne Cuneo’s Une cuillerée de bleu
Steven Wilson, Sylvia Hübel
Fragments d’un corps : L’écriture du SIDA dans les ouvrages d’Hervé Guibert
Christelle Klein-Scholz

Humoral Immunity in Recent HIV/AIDS Narratives
Enda McCaffrey

“De simple malade j’étais devenu un handicapé”: Interrogating the Construction of ‘Disability’ in Jean-Dominique Bauby’s Le scaphandre et le papillon
Hannah Thompson

Le scaphandre et le papillon: Autopathography, the Locked-In Self, and Schnabel’s Cinema of Embodiment
Claire Boyle

Voicing Abjection: Narratives of Anorexia in Contemporary French Women’s (Life-)Writing
Kathryn Robson

Dependence and Masculinity in Contemporary French Writing about Disability
Áine Larkin

Poste sur l'histoire du Sida à la NLM

Part-time Historian at the National Library of Medicine

Call for applications

The History of Medicine Division of the National Library of Medicine is seeking a part-time professional historian to help develop a web archive collection of materials related to Auto-immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). NLM holds a large collection of AIDS materials consisting of manuscript, audio-visual, photographic, and printed materials. To further enrich the NLM’s publicly-available, AIDS-related resources and information, NLM seeks to identify and select for long term preservation web content that documents the history of AIDS.

The historian will research and identify web (online) content related to AIDS including public health campaigns and other public health information; patient narratives; care giver narratives; World AIDS Day content; social media; news stories; and web sites and social media of organizations such as the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the World Health Organization, Doctors without Borders, the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Disease; state and national health agencies, and NLM’s Division of Specialized Information Systems. The final products produced by the historian will include a report containing URLs for all identified sites to be archived by NLM, documentation of the selection criteria and the decision making process used, a broad description of the collection, and recommendations for future web collecting about AIDS. The contractor may write at least one blog post for Circulating Now, the History of Medicine Division blog, about the collection.

Thank you for sharing this opportunity with colleagues who may be interested to submit a proposal.

Proposals are due by August 29th. Additional information, including instructions for submitting a proposal are available on Federal Business Opportunities (FedBizOpps) at

lundi 22 août 2016

La polio et les promesses de la globuline gamma

Selling Science: Polio and the Promise of Gamma Globulin

Stephen E Mawdsley

Hardcover: 272 pages
Publisher: Rutgers University Press (Aug. 31 2016)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-0813574394

Today, when many parents seem reluctant to have their children vaccinated, even with long proven medications, the Salk vaccine trial, which enrolled millions of healthy children to test an unproven medical intervention, seems nothing short of astonishing. In Selling Science, medical historian Stephen E. Mawdsley recounts the untold story of the first large clinical trial to control polio using healthy children—55,000 healthy children—revealing how this long-forgotten incident cleared the path for Salk’s later trial.

Mawdsley describes how, in the early 1950s, Dr. William Hammon and the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis launched a pioneering medical experiment on a previously untried scale. Conducted on over 55,000 healthy children in Texas, Utah, Iowa, and Nebraska, this landmark study assessed the safety and effectiveness of a blood component, gamma globulin, to prevent paralytic polio. The value of the proposed experiment was questioned by many prominent health professionals as it harbored potential health risks, but as Mawdsley points out, compromise and coercion moved it forward. And though the trial returned dubious results, it was presented to the public as a triumph and used to justify a federally sanctioned mass immunization study on thousands of families between 1953 and 1954. Indeed, the concept, conduct, and outcome of the GG study were sold to health professionals, medical researchers, and the public at each stage. At a time when most Americans trusted scientists, their mutual encounter under the auspices of conquering disease was shaped by politics, marketing, and at times, deception.

Drawing on oral history interviews, medical journals, newspapers, meeting minutes, and private institutional records, Selling Science sheds light on the ethics of scientific conduct, and on the power of marketing to shape public opinion about medical experimentation.

La lèpre et le pouvoir

Leprosy and Power

Call for papers

Leeds IMC 2017

As next year's IMC theme of 'Otherness' lends itself perfectly to the topic of medieval leprosy, I would like to propose a session on the subject of Leprosy and Power, following on from this year's successful sessions about Leprosy and Identity. In this session, I would like to explore the various ways in which lepers interacted with medieval authorities - how authorities may have attempted to control the behaviour of lepers in their community, how lepers related to those in power, and how they fitted into a social hierarchy.

Possible topics could include:

· Leprosy and the elite

· Municipal authority and common law

· Canon law and the church

· The power of leprosy in society

· Lepers and social status – before / after diagnosis

Proposals should include a title, abstract (approximately 100 words), and institutional affiliation.

Please submit paper proposals by email to Katie Phillips, University of Reading - - by Friday 9th September.

dimanche 21 août 2016

L'autonomie du plaisir

The Autonomy of Pleasure: Libertines, License, and Sexual Revolution

James A. Steintrager

Series: Columbia Themes in Philosophy, Social Criticism, and the Arts
Hardcover: 408 pages
Publisher: Columbia University Press (February 16, 2016)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-0231151580

What would happen if pleasure were made the organizing principle for social relations and sexual pleasure ruled over all? Radical French libertines experimented clandestinely with this idea during the Enlightenment. In explicit novels, dialogues, poems, and engravings, they wrenched pleasure free from religion and morality, from politics, aesthetics, anatomy, and finally reason itself, and imagined how such a world would be desirable, legitimate, rapturous―and potentially horrific.

Laying out the logic and willful illogic of radical libertinage, this book ties the Enlightenment engagement with sexual license to the expansion of print, empiricism, the revival of skepticism, the fashionable arts and lifestyles of the Ancien Régime, and the rise and decline of absolutism. It examines the consequences of imagining sexual pleasure as sovereign power and a law unto itself across a range of topics, including sodomy, the science of sexual difference, political philosophy, aesthetics, and race. It also analyzes the roots of radical claims for pleasure in earlier licentious satire and their echoes in appeals for sexual liberation in the 1960s and beyond.