samedi 23 juin 2018

La médecine coloniale jésuite en Amérique du Sud

Jesuit colonial medicine in South America. A multidisciplinary and comparative approach.
Medicina jesuítica en la América del Sur colonial. Una aproximación multidisciplinar.

Obermeier, Franz (ed.) 2018


Proceedings of the 9 th International Congress on Traditional Asian Medicines (ICTAM IX). Kiel, Germany from 6 th to 12 th Aug. 2017.



Abstract: The Jesuit reductions of Paraguay and adjacent territories such as the Chiquitania in today’s Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia and Argentina (1608-1767) are a particular well-documented area of encounter between Jesuit missionaries and indigenous populations mainly Guaraní. There are medical texts mainly in Spanish from this area but also a pharmaceutical manuscript in Guaraní, ascribed to the Lay Brother Marcos Villodas (1695-1741) and dated 1725, not yet edited. When the most important Spanish text on the topic by the physician Pedro de Montenegro (1663-1728) was rediscovered in the 19th century, it was called "Materia Medica misionera" in its first edition. Different manuscript versions, some with illustrations exist. Also available is the recently rediscovered anonymous Spanish Tratado de ... cirurgia, dated 1725 and related to the missions, which represents one major source about history of medicine in the region. The articles in these proceedings focus on various aspects: medical terminology adopted by Jesuit manuscripts and dictionaries in Guarani and Chiquitano, Guaraní anthropological concepts about healing among the Jesuits, new discovered manuscripts of medicine history (a new version of a pharmaceutical manuscript ascribed to Villodas in Guaraní from the 18th century, the mentioned Spanish Tratado de cirurgia, dated 1725) and the history of research about the topic in 19th century Argentina by Pedro de Arata (1849-1922). With a short bibliography of contemporary manuscript sources and South American pharmaceutical inventories. 

These congress proceedings (ICTAM Kiel 2017) show the importance of colonial Jesuit medicine for the history of science, antropology and linguistics in the region.

Contents

Franz Obermeier 
Introduction 
Jesuit contributions to science and medicine in colonial South America, a research survey 

Sabine Lenke-von Heidenfeld 
The encounter of Jesuit medicine and traditional Guaraní medicine in South America in the 17th and 18th century. Conflict, cooperation and the analysis of conceptual differences. 

Franz Obermeier 
Manuscritos descubiertos y redescubiertos de medicina y farmacia en el contexto guaraní-español de las reducciones rioplatenses en los siglos XVII y XVIII.

Sieglinde Falkinger 
Maquimanaucotos - Medicine for the body - medicine for the soul 

Leonardo Cerno 
Variedad estándar y lengua común reduccional. Sobre el léxico del cuerpo humano y la medicina en la lexicografía jesuítica y en el manuscrito Pohã Ñanã (1725)

Diego Medan 
Pedro N. Arata y la percepción inicial de los herbarios jesuíticos en el Río de la Plata

Franz Obermeier 
Bibliografia seleccionada de manuscritos de medicina del La Plata colonial/A selected bibliography of medical manuscripts from the colonial La Plata-region 

Franz Obermeier 
Fuentes digitales para la historia de farmacias jesuíticas o coloniales en América del Sur/Digital sources for the history of Jesuit or colonial pharmacies in South America.

Les corps perméables dans la culture médiévale et moderne

Permeable Bodies in Medieval and Early Modern Visual Culture

Call for Papers

A 2-day Conference at University College London, 5-6 October 2018

In recent years, the human body has gained a prominent position in discussions of medieval and early modern cultures. The troublesome contingency of the human body encompassed critical boundaries between inside and outside, and became a central concern in religious, political, and economical developments. Medieval bodies were permeable microcosms, not only sites containment but also of revelatory experiences. In the early modern period, body and identity were indistinct, interdependent categories, inseparable from the natural and cultural space that they inhabited. This logic of perpetual fluidity both generated a disquieting sense of impending doom, but also allowed for the propagation of multiple possibilities of understanding, which materialised into a rich visual and material culture.

We are delighted to invite all those interested in medieval and early modern studies to a 2-day conference on Friday 5 and Saturday 6 October 2018 at University College London. This event will explore medieval and early modern notions of the changing body, as well as changing notions of the body. Images and ideas of permeable bodies will serve as an inclusive platform of inquiry into bodies of different race, gender, sex, and ability.

We welcome 20 minutes talks from scholars of any career stage. We are particularly interested in incisive and provoking perspectives on bodies traditionally relegated to the margins, in conjunction with gender and disability studies. We seek critical and original responses on the theme of corporeal permeability across not only disciplines, but also chronological and geographical boundaries.

The conference includes a workshop at the Wellcome Library, where selected images from the archives will be displayed in a private study room.

Keynote speaker: Dr. Jack Hartnell (University of East Anglia)

Please send a short abstract (200-300 words) and a biography (100 words) by Monday 23 July to Laura Scalabrella Spada and Lauren Rozenberg at permeablebodies@gmail.com. We will notify applicants by Monday 6 August.

Bursaries available on application. Please visit permeablebodies.wordpress.com for more details on how to apply, updates, and additional information.

vendredi 22 juin 2018

Le dernier numéro de Medical History

Medical History

Volume 62 - Numéro 3 - Juillet 2018


Articles

Diagnosing the Kaiser: Psychiatry, Wilhelm II and the Question of German War Guilt The William Bynum Prize Essay 2016
David Freis

Children in the London: Inpatient Care in a Voluntary General Hospital
Madeleine Mant

Cordons Sanitaires and the Rationalisation Process in Southern Europe (Nineteenth-Century Majorca)
Pere Salas-Vives, Joana-Maria Pujadas-Mora

Between Party, People, and Profession: The Many Faces of the ‘Doctor’ during the Cultural Revolution
Miriam Gross

Fumigating the Hygienic Model City: Bubonic Plague and the Sulfurozador in Early-Twentieth-Century Buenos Aires
Lukas Engelmann

Book Review

Jeanne Kisacky, Rise of the Modern Hospital: An Architectural History of Health and Healing, 1870–1940 (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2017), pp. 456, $65, hardback, ISBN: 9780822944614.
Charles E. Rosenberg

Linda Clark and Elizabeth Danbury (eds), ‘A Verray Parfit Praktisour’: Essays Presented to Carole Rawcliffe (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2017), pp. xxvii $+$ 206, $99, hardback, ISBN: 9781783271801.
Lori Jones

Howard I. Kushner, On the Other Hand: Left Hand, Right Brain, Mental Disorder, and History (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017), pp. xiii $+$ 200, $20.25, hardback, ISBN: 9781421423340.
Clare Porac


Fabio Zampieri, Il metodo anatomo-clinico fra meccanicismo ed empirismo: Marcello Malpighi, Antonio Maria Valsalva e Giovanni Battista Morgagni (Roma: ‘L’Erma’ di Bretschneider, 2016), pp. 434, €150, hardback, ISBN: 9788891311733.
Fabrizio Baldassarri

Stephen T. Casper and Delia Gavrus (eds), The History of the Brain and Mind Sciences: Technique, Technology, Therapy (New York: University of Rochester Press, 2017), pp. i + 310, £95.00, hardback, ISBN: 9781580465953.
Ryan Ross

Suzannah Biernoff, Portraits of Violence: War and the Aesthetics of Disfigurement (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2017), pp. viii $+$ 213, $70, hardback, ISBN: 9780472130290. - Fiona Reid, Medicine in First World War Europe: Soldiers, Medics, Pacifists (London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017), pp. xi $+$ 283, £19.99, paperback, ISBN: 9781472505927.
Jay Winter

Gayle Davis and Tracey Loughran (eds), The Palgrave Handbook of Infertility in Britain (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017), pp. xvii $+$ 663, £160.00, hardback, ISBN: 9781137520791.
Laura Beers

Jennifer Tappan, The Riddle of Malnutrition: The Long Arc of Biomedical and Public Health Interventions in Uganda (Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2017), pp. xx + 218, £26.99, paperback, ISBN: 9780821422465.
Anna Greenwood

Robert Marshall and Alan Bleakley, Rejuvenating Medical Education: Seeking Help from Homer (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017), pp. 325, £68.99, hardback, ISBN: 9781443895644.
Neil Vickers

Adam Montgomery, The Invisible Injured: Psychological Trauma in the Canadian Military from the First World War to Afghanistan (Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2017), pp. xi-331, £29.99, hardback, ISBN: 9780773549951.
Amy Shaw

Les approches interdisciplinaires du handicap

Interdisciplinary Approaches to Disability: The MENA Region in the Modern Period

Call for Papers



International Conference to be held in Cairo on 25-26 November 2018 

Deadline to submit proposals: September 1st 2018

Organizers: Leiden University 

ERC Rethinking Disability 

Embassy of the Netherlands in Cairo 

Netherlands-Flemish Institute in Cairo 

Languages: English and Arabic (Presentations should preferably be in English)

Keynote Speakers 
Dr Heba Hagrass (International disability consultant- Member of the Egyptian Parliament)
Dr Shaun Grech (The Critical Institute- Malta) 
Prof Monika Baar (Leiden University- The Netherlands)

Call for papers:

The socio-cultural issues concerning the lives of the persons with disabilities (PWD), their families and their environment present considerable challenges even in well-resourced regions of the world; let alone in countries experiencing certain economic or societal hardships. In either context, the study of the emancipation of people with disabilities cannot be undertaken without a broader enquiry into the historical, cultural and social contexts of the disabled citizens living in different times and locations around the world.

In recent decades, representatives of the emerging fields of medical humanities and disability studies have been constantly facing intellectual challenges arising from accelerating scientific developments in medicine and the bio sciences. These developments intrigued sociologists, historians, anthropologists etc. to dedicate more attention than ever before to the social and cultural aspects of the human body and human health. For instance, the enormous differences in health care expenditures across the world present an angle from which to ask questions about social justice, discrimination, exclusion, integration and the responsibility of the state or civil society towards certain groups with vulnerabilities. Disability is a concept around which social scientists can construct or deconstruct relations and representations between health and society, while scholars working in cultural studies may interrogate the formation of a distinct identity and sub-culture of people with disabilities. The MENA region with its cultural and historical peculiarities, and the Global South in more general terms, promises to be a very important location for analyzing how issues of physical and mental health intersect with social and economic concerns. 

With a focus on the MENA (Middle East North Africa) region and the Global South, themes and topics of this international academic conference can include but are not limited to:
  • Disability and its perception(s) and meanings through history: 
  • Disability in relation to technology: good practices and ethical problems
  • Islam and disability (physical and mental)
  • Education for and about the persons with disability: specialized institutions versus independent living, community-based rehabilitation (CBR)
  • Rights, representation and equality of PWD: strive for equality or demand for special conditions? (work, housing, access, education)
  • UN’s Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2006): given the local peculiarities, what challenges may occur in the course of its implementation in the MENA region?
  • Disability and welfare: what responsibilities should be carried by the state, by individuals, philanthropic organizations and by society at large? 
  • Children, gender, women and sexuality in relation to historic and contemporary issues of disability 
  • International and regional organizations of disability groups: the MENA region in a global context 
  • Disability figuring and images in literature and cinema 
  • Stigmatization of PWD and strategies of de-stigmatization 
  • Disability culture: arts, activities and self expression
  • Accessibility, integration and inclusion: PWD and the actual/virtual public space in MENA

The conference is open to participants from the academia as well as for social activists and governmental representatives. An edited volume to be published by an international publisher is planned for selected research papers presented during the conference. 

Presentations are welcome in English and Arabic but are preferred in English for practical reasons. Each presentation would be 20 minutes followed by a 10minutes discussion in a themed panel. 

Proposals for cultural and artistic activities, whether presented by or about persons with disabilities, are welcome. The venue is accessible to participants and guests with disability. 

Deadline: Please send a 300-500- word paper/activity proposal in English or Arabic before September 1st 2018 to (rethinking.disability.cairo@gmail.com)

For requests of participation, paper proposal or artistic contribution, kindly send your CV to the email address above. 

For inquiries or questions kindly contact Dr Amany Soliman

Limited budget for contributing to the travel and accommodation of international participants with outstanding proposals is available on a competitive basis. This is intended for those who are not eligible for funding from their home institutions and who are committed to contributing to the envisaged edited volume. Please indicate at the time of application if you would like to be considered for a subsidy.

jeudi 21 juin 2018

La figure du poète-médecin

La figure du poète-médecin - XXe et XXIe siècles

Alexandre Wenger, Julien Knebusch, Martina Diaz, Thomas Augais

Genève, éd. Georg,
Juin 2018.

Ce livre découvre des trajectoires concrètes de poètes-médecins qui, dans leur pratique, ont concilié le combat quotidien contre la maladie et l’exigence de la création poétique. Embourbés dans les tranchées de la première Guerre mondiale, œuvrant dans un laboratoire ou opérant en salle de chirurgie, les poètes-médecins mettent au jour des tensions, découvrent des failles mais révèlent aussi une harmonie inattendue entre la maîtrise médicale et la rage de l’expression. C’est une aventure du corps, superficiel ou profond, bouleversant la langue, qui se dessine alors comme l’un des enjeux de la poésie des 20ème et 21ème siècles.

Théoriser les corps et les esprits les cultures médiévales de l'Atlantique nord

Material Affects: Theorizing Bodies and Minds in Medieval North Atlantic Cultures

Call for Papers


IONA
Simon Fraser University, Vancouver
April 11 - 13.


Scholars studying medieval bodies and minds have encountered intersecting and overlapping questions in recent years. Physical and phenomenological experience are, to some extent, inextricable. Much scholarship on emotions has focused on the ways that feelings are embodied, through gesture, somatic response, and emotional performance. Embodied experience, likewise, is inextricable from socially- and culturally- constructed ideas--and feelings--about bodies, space, and being. Nor can the material body be removed/overlooked in our readings of texts: embodied experience of health and dis/ability, and more. Theorists such as Sara Ahmed, Elaine Scarry, and Judith Butler have shown that embodied experience is inseparable from internal/emotional experience and vice versa. At the same time, approaches to medieval minds and bodies have faced similar difficulties: methodological approaches in the sciences and social sciences are often separated from the humanities, while historicist, materialist, and philological approaches to the medieval world have often been positioned in opposition to critical theory.

Just as bodies cannot be separated from minds, and the material cannot be extracted from the phenomenological, we view history, science, and theory as intimately connected. This seminar seeks to build on and deepen this foundation with a range of approaches to feelings and bodies in the medieval North Atlantic. How can critical theory work with historicist and scientific approaches to medieval literature and culture? How can we effectively employ non-humanities methodologies in the humanities? How do these approaches shape, and how are they shaped by, feminist and queer discourses in medieval studies and across the humanities? How can medieval literary and cultural studies allow us to rethink theoretical and methodological tools within and beyond the humanities? We hope to consider new theoretical approaches, more "traditional" methodological approaches, and papers that bridge the two. Proposed papers might fall into the following thematic strands:

*Interiority and embodied affects
*Queer/feminist approaches to body and mind
*Disability/non-normativity in physical and emotional states
*Intersections of affect, gender, the non-human, race, etc.
*Historicism and anachronism in medieval studies
*Spirituality as affective and embodied experience
*Comparative literary approaches (e.g. Anglo-Saxon, Norse, and Celtic, or comparative approaches across the medieval world)
*Using science/social science methodologies such as (but not limited to): Actor- Network Theory, New Materialisms, Medical Humanities, and Systems Theory

We invite proposals from scholars working in all disciplines. Please send 250-word abstracts to Erin Sweany at esweany@indiana.edu by July 1, 2018.

Link to SFU page with CFP:
https://www.sfu.ca/english/iona/cfp/material-affects.html

For more information on IONA:
https://www.sfu.ca/english/iona.html

mercredi 20 juin 2018

Savoirs, santé et pouvoirs à l'époque moderne

Savoirs, santé et pouvoirs à l'époque moderne
Knowledge, health, and power in the early modern world


Workshop


Monday, June 25th 2018 / 9h-17h

Deutsches Historisches Institut Paris - Institut historique allemand
8 rue du Parc-Royal, 75003 Paris


Workshop organized by Dorit Brixius (German Historical Institute) andRafael Mandressi (CAK, CNRS).

9.15 Welcome and introduction
Dorit Brixius and Rafael Mandressi

9.30-11.00 Regulations and institutions
Chair: Martin Dinges (Robert Bosch Stiftung Stuttgart)

Carolin Schmitz (European University Institute, Florence)
When medical pluralism meets legal pluralism: Monarchical, ecclesiastical and municipal interests in regulating medical practice in early modern Castile

Camille Sallé (European University Institute, Florence)
Hôpitaux et soignants dans la vice-royauté du Pérou, XVIIe siècle


11.00-11.30 Coffee break


11.30-13.00 Healing knowledge and remedies
Chair: Michael Stolberg (Julius-Maximilian-Universität Würzburg)

Justin Rivest (University of Cambridge):
Faire l’épreuve: The French Armed Forces and the Bulk Market for Proprietary Drugs circa 1700

Kalle Kananoja (University of Helsinki):
Folk Healing and Health Care Practices in Eighteenth-Century Angola


13.00-14.00 Lunch break


14.00–15.30 Physicians and their expertise
Chair: Dorit Brixius (GHI)

Rafael Mandressi (Centre Alexandre-Koyré)
Médecine, médecins et pouvoirs à Paris au temps de Jean Riolan fils (1600‒1670)

Elisa Andretta (CNRS‒LARHRA)
Médecins, pouvoir et territoire dans l’Espagne de Charles V : les expertises sur la santé d’Alcalá de 1544

15.30-16.00 Coffee break

16.00-17.00 General discussion


Pre-registration and information : <event@dhi-paris.fr>

L’histoire de la Faculté de Médecine à la Reichsuniversität Strassburg

L’histoire de la Faculté de Médecine à la Reichsuniversität Strassburg 1941-1944

Contrat doctoral 2018-2021

Appel à Candidature


Durée : 2018-2021

Contrat doctoral : Salaire annuel chargé : 27 150 euros

Titre du projet de thèse : Entre le laboratoire et la clinique : Recherches cliniques à la Faculté de médecine de la Reichsuniversität Strassburg en lien avec l’hôpital civil

Résumé :
La nécessité de mener un travail de recherche académique et historique au sujet de la Medizinische Fakultät de la Reichsuniversität Strassburg a été réaffirmé au cours de l’année 2015 à la suite de l’identification de « human remains » provenant de victimes, anciens prisonniers du camp de concentration Struthof-Natzweiler, dans les collections scientifiques de la faculté de médecine. En réponse à cette situation, l’Université de Strasbourg a mis en place, en date du 27 septembre 2016 et pour une durée de quatre ans, une commission historique indépendante afin de mener un travail scientifique qui aura comme objectif d’éclairer, selon les standards historiques actuels, l’histoire de cette institution qui reste très mal connue à ce jour. Dans le cadre de ce projet l’Université de Strasbourg propose un contrat doctoral de 3 ans consacré à un travail de thèse en histoire / histoire des sciences au sujet de la constitution et du fonctionnement de Medizinische Fakultät de la Reichsuniversität Strassburg entre 1941 et 1944.

L’approche historique du projet de thèse proposé ici suivra les idées, les institutions et les pratiques ; elle saisira les crimes tout autant qu’elle se penchera vers les victimes. Concrètement, le travail de la thèse devra s’intéresser en priorité aux recherches cliniques menées conjointement entre la Faculté de médecine de la Reichsuniversität Strassburg et l’hôpital civil, aspect jusqu’ici totalement négligé. Les objectifs de la thèse consistent à documenter et à rechercher de manière aussi complète que possible, sans restriction ni partialité, les activités scientifiques et politiques des membres des cliniques et des représentants de la Faculté de médecine de la Reichsuniversität Strassburg (1941-1944) et en particulier dans les domaines de la chirurgie (Zukschwerdt), en lien avec la pathologie expérimentale (Klinge), pédiatrie (Hofmeier), ORL (Nuehsmann) et médecine interne (Stein). Comme l’indiquent les dossiers de financement de la recherche de l'époque, plusieurs directeurs de clinique bénéficiaient entre 1941 et 1944 de soutiens financiers attribués par le Conseil impérial de Recherche (Reichsforschungsrat).

La thèse prendra en considération en particulier :

1. Une analyse de l’histoire institutionnelle (structures, personnes, ressources) de la MFRUS dans ses interactions avec les dimensions scientifiques et épistémologiques dans le cadre de l’occupation de faite de l’Alsace.

2. Les connections et les réseaux de la MFRUS avec des institutions et des représentants scientifiques, étatiques, politiques et militaires en Allemagne et dans l’Europe sous l’occupation allemande.

3. Les questions concernant les espaces d’action des scientifiques et des médecins sous les conditions dérégulés sous le régime NS, à l’inclusions des relations de la MFRUS avec le camp de concentration de Struthof-Natzweiler.

4. La problématique des continuités de l’institution de la MFRUS et de ses membres avant 1940 et après 1944/45.

La date limite pour les candidatures est le 15 august 2018.

Des interviews avec des candidats retenus sur dossier sont prévus le 05 september 2018 à Strasbourg (en présentiel ou bien via skype/teleconférence).

Le contrat démarre le 1er octobre 2018.

Dossier de candidature

Les candidats auront de préférence une formation initiale et un Master en histoire / histoire des sciences / histoire de la médecine ou des disciplines proches ainsi qu’une expérience de travail en archives. Une connaissance de la langue allemande est fortement recommandée.

La thèse peut être rédigée en français, allemand ou anglais.


Candidature

Pour la candidature la commission historique demande :

- une lettre de motivation

- un CV

- un projet de thèse de 3-4 pages

- un chapitre du mémoire de Master ou un article publié

- une lettre de recommandation jointe à la candidature



Le dossier de candidature et à envoyer à: gmoser@unistra.fr



Pour plus d’informations les candidats peuvent contacter Dr. Gabriele Moser : gmoser@unistra.fr

Département d’Histoire des Sciences de la Vie et de la Santé, Faculté de médecine, 4 rue Kirschleger, 67085 Strasbourg.