jeudi 1 décembre 2022

Dialogues sur le handicap

Disability Dialogues: Advocacy, Science, and Prestige in Postwar Clinical Professions

 Andrew J. Hogan


Publisher ‏ : ‎ Johns Hopkins University Press; 1st edition (November 29, 2022)
Language ‏ : ‎ English
Hardcover ‏ : ‎ 264 pages
ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 1421445336
ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-1421445335

Disability activism has fundamentally changed American society for the better―and along with it, the views and practices of many clinical professionals. After 1945, disability self-advocates and family advocates pushed for the inclusion of more positive, inclusive, and sociopolitical perspectives on disability in clinical research, training, and practice. In Disability Dialogues, Andrew J. Hogan highlights the contributions of disabled people―along with their family members and other allies―in changing clinical understandings and approaches to disability.

Hogan examines the evolving medical, social, and political engagement of three postwar professions―clinical psychology, pediatrics, and genetic counseling―with disability and disability-related advocacy. Professionals in these fields historically resisted adopting a more inclusive and accepting perspective on people with disabilities primarily due to concerns about professional role, identity, and prestige. In response to the work of disability activists, however, these attitudes gradually began to change.

Disability Dialogues provides an important contribution to historical, sociological, and bioethical accounts of disability and clinical professionalization. Moving beyond advocacy alone, Hogan makes the case for why present-day clinical professional fields need to better recruit and support disabled practitioners. Disabled clinicians are uniquely positioned to combine biomedical expertise with their lived experiences of disability and encourage greater tolerance for disabilities among their colleagues, students, and institutions.

Bourses du CSMBR

CSMBR Grants and Fellowships

Call for applications

 

The Centre for the Study of Medicine and the Body in the Renaissance (CSMBR) in collaboration with the University of Exeter, the Julius Maximilian University of Wurzburg and the Studio Firmano for the History of Medicine and Science sponsors a series of Grants and Fellowships that you may want to take note of:




VIVAMENTE - THE GARDEN OF IDEAS

€3,000 plus the free usage of the Domus Comeliana for a two-day event on Medical or Intellectual History: https://csmbr.fondazionecomel.org/grants.../vivamente-grant/

Application Deadline: 20 January 2023




SANTORIO FELLOWSHIP FOR MEDICAL HUMANITIES AND SCIENCE

Up to €500 euros to join the 2023 CSMBR Summer School: https://csmbr.fondazionecomel.org/.../santorio-fellowship/

Application Deadline: 15 April 2023







For queries do not hesitate to contact me directly or my team at info@csmbr.fondazionecomel.org

mercredi 30 novembre 2022

Combattre le stress dans l'Europe pré-moderne

Combat Stress in Pre-modern Europe
 

Owen Rees, Kathryn Hurlock, Jason Crowley (Editors)

  • Publisher ‏ : ‎ Palgrave Macmillan; 1st ed. 2022 edition (November 1, 2022)
  • Language ‏ : ‎ English
  • Hardcover ‏ : ‎ 213 pages
  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 303109946X
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-3031099465


This book examines the lasting impact of war on individuals and their communities in pre-modern Europe. Research on combat stress in the modern era regularly draws upon the past for inspiration and validation, but to date no single volume has effectively scrutinised the universal nature of combat stress and its associated modern diagnoses. Highlighting the methodological obstacles of using modern medical and psychological models to understand pre-modern experiences, this book challenges existing studies and presents innovative new directions for future research. With cutting-edge contributions from experts in history, classics and medical humanities, the collection has a broad chronological focus, covering periods from Archaic Greece (c. sixth and early fifth century BCE) to the British Civil Wars (seventeenth century CE). Topics range from the methodological, such as the dangers of retrospective diagnosis and the applicability of Moral Injury to the past, to the conventionally historical, examining how combat stress and post-traumatic stress disorder may or may not have manifested in different time periods. With chapters focusing on combatants, women, children and the collective trauma of their communities, this collection will be of great interest to those researching the history of mental health in the pre-modern period.

Owen Rees is Associate Lecturer in Ancient History at Manchester Metropolitan University in the UK. An ancient Greek historian with a recognized expertise in the historiographical debate surrounding ancient post-traumatic stress disorder, he has published widely on ancient Greek socio-military history and the medical humanities.

Kathryn Hurlock is Reader in Medieval History at Manchester Metropolitan University in the UK. She is co-ordinator of the Returning Soldier Network, a collaborative network examining the figure of the returning soldier or veteran from the ancient world to the modern day. Kathryn has published widely on the crusades, including two monographs on aspects of British crusading.

Jason Crowley is Senior Lecturer in Ancient History at Manchester Metropolitan University in the UK, where he specializes in the psychology of combat and combat motivations. As a comparative historian, he works with theories and evidence generated by the experience of modern warfare, but his main focus is on the citizens of Classical Athens who served as hoplites, heavy-infantrymen, during the wars of the fifth and fourth centuries BC.
About the Author
Owen Rees is Associate Lecturer in Ancient History at Manchester Metropolitan University in the UK. An ancient Greek historian with a recognized expertise in the historiographical debate surrounding ancient post-traumatic stress disorder, he has published widely on ancient Greek socio-military history and the medical humanities.

Kathryn Hurlock is Reader in Medieval History at Manchester Metropolitan University in the UK. She is co-ordinator of the Returning Soldier Network, a collaborative network examining the figure of the returning soldier or veteran from the ancient world to the modern day. Kathryn has published widely on the crusades, including two monographs on aspects of British crusading.

Jason Crowley is Senior Lecturer in Ancient History at Manchester Metropolitan University in the UK, where he specialises in the psychology of combat and combat motivations. As a comparative historian, he works with theories and evidence generated by the experience of modern warfare, but his main focus is on the citizens of Classical Athens who served as hoplites, heavy-infantrymen, during the wars of the fifth and fourth centuries BC.

CHIMED-3

CHIMED-3. The third International Conference on Historical Medical Discourse


Call for Papers


The conference series was initiated in Milan in 2017 and focuses on multidisciplinary research into European historical medical discourse. We welcome studies drawing from linguistics, literary studies and history – among others – to present a comprehensive and well-rounded view of medical discourse in Europe. The third conference focuses on medical discourse in English in the period 1500–1900. Studies may be either synchronic or diachronic, and a long view may stretch even beyond the main frame of time. In accordance with the multidisciplinary aims of the conference series, we encourage papers that approach medical discourse from different methodological and disciplinary perspectives. The language of the conference is English.


We invite submissions for presentations of 30 minutes (20 min. + 10 min. discussion). Abstracts of no more than 500 words (excluding references) should be submitted via email to a.mcenery@lancaster.ac.uk with the subject line ‘Chimed-3’. Abstract submissions are due by Monday 16th January 2023. All abstracts will be reviewed by an international scientific committee.

Possible topics of papers include the following:
  • medical discourses in their sociohistorical contexts
  • discourses on specific illnesses or treatments
  • representations of illnesses in literary fiction
  • changes in the medical marketplace
  • communication on medical issues for different audiences
  • styles and metaphors in medical discourse
  • narratives in medical discourse
  • appropriation of earlier medical ideas and topics
  • developments in genres and text types (both literary and non-literary)
  • vernacularization of medical and scientific texts: English, Latin and other languages
  • gender and medicine

Outcomes will be communicated by Monday 30th January 2023.

mardi 29 novembre 2022

La déviance en Italie

La devianza in Italia dall’Unità al fascismo. Discorsi e rappresentazioni


a cura di Marco Bernardi e Fabio Milazzo


Biblion Edizioni
Collana: Storia, politica, società
Anno: 2022
Pagine: 378
ISBN: 978-88-3383-291-3


Devianze, anormali, marginalità, controllo e bonifica sociale. Tutti termini tornati recentemente al centro del dibattito pubblico, perlopiù in termini ambigui e strumentali. Ma di cosa si tratta quando si parla di devianza? Quali discorsi ne presiedono la definizione in un certo contesto storico? E chi sono i devianti? Muovendo da tali interrogativi, il progetto di ricerca triennale del Cesdem – Centro Studi per la Storia della devianza e della marginalità, promosso dall’Istituto storico della Resistenza “Dante Livio Bianco” Cuneo, ha cercato di porre sotto esame una categoria problematica, strettamente connessa a logiche di controllo e marginalizzazione sociale espressione di tensioni storiche molteplici, individuabili a partire da analisi specifiche. Nello specifico, le ricerche che costituiscono il presente volume, affrontando figure e temi diversi, nell’arco di tempo compreso tra l’Unità e il fascismo, evidenziano il ruolo svolto dal contesto politico e culturale. E, in linea con i risultati della storiografia degli ultimi decenni, la complessità di un ambito articolato e sfuggente.


Les cultures matérielles de l'hôpital

Funded PhD opportunity. Material Cultures of the NHS Hospital: Exploring Hospital Spaces through Historical Objects

Call for applications 


Funding: Collaborative Doctoral Award with the South, West & Wales Doctoral Training Partnership


Supervisors

Dr Victoria Bates, University of Bristol: victoria.bates@bristol.ac.uk

Professor Giovanna Colombetti, University of Exeter: g.colombetti@exeter.ac.uk

Dr Laura Humphreys, Science Museum Group: laura.humphreys@sciencemuseum.ac.uk



Material Cultures of the NHS Hospital will explore the multiple ways in which NHS hospitals (1948-present) have been shaped by objects. Using objects held at the Science Museum Group provides an opportunity for the PGR to engage closely with material culture. They will go beyond images, and a visual idea of hospitals, to explore how historic objects felt, smelled, and sounded. The PGR will take an object (or object type) as the centre of their research, and explore it at different scales, including changes to: its materiality and design, how people interacted with or experienced it, and its place in hospital spaces or built environments.


Full details: https://www.sww-ahdtp.ac.uk/cda-projects-2022-2023/cda4-exploring-hospital-spaces-through-historical-objects/


How to apply: https://www.sww-ahdtp.ac.uk/prospective-students/apply-2023/

lundi 28 novembre 2022

Histoire du concept de dominance cérébrale

Histoire du concept de dominance cérébrale
 

Journée d’étude

jeudi 15 décembre 2022

Auditorium Lily et Edmond Safra, Institut du Cerveau, Hôpital Pitié - Salpêtrière
47-83 boulevard de l'Hôpital - métro ligne 5 (station Saint-Marcel)
52 boulevard Vincent-Auriol - métro ligne 6 (station Chevaleret)

 

Inscription gratuite mais obligatoire :
nicole.fourn@icm-institute.org


Introduction Olivier Walusinski


Session I • Modérateur Philippe Albou
Olivier Walusinski
La vivisection guerrière et expérimentale au XVIIIe siècle

Emmanuel Broussolle (Lyon)
La théorie holistique de Pierre Flourens

Fausto Viader (Caen)
La localisation des symptômes
 

Pause café


Session II • Modérateur Jean-Michel Vallat

Thierry Lavabre-Bertrand (Montpellier)
L’aphasie de Dax et de Lordat

Olivier Walusinski
Armand de Fleury et la théorie hémodynamique de la latéralisation gauche du langage

Stéphane Charpier (La Sorbonne)
Eduard Hitzig et Gustav Fritsch: la découverte de l’excitabilité corticale
 

Pause déjeuner
 

Session III • Modératrice Laura Bossi

Julien Bogousslavsky (Montreux)
Histoire de l’héminégligence et de l’asomatognosie
 

François Sellal (Colmar)
L’anosognosie et l’anosodiaphorie de Joseph Babinski

Gilles Fénelon (Créteil)
Prosopagnosie et syndrome de Capgras

Martin Catala (La Salpêtrière)
Le corps calleux et le syndrome de disconnexion inter-hémisphérique

Pause café
 

LA GRANDE CONFÉRENCE
Laurent Tatu (Besançon)
Blaise Cendrars et le membre fantôme. Ses itinéraires médicaux

Yves Agid
La synthèse, et maintenant
 

Á l’année prochaine



 

 

Les troubles mentaux parmi les combattants africains

Questioning the trauma. Mental disorders among African fighters (20th – 21st centuries)


Call for papers / Appel à communications

Panel ECAS / 31 May – 3 June 2023

To send a proposal: https://nomadit.co.uk/conference/ecas2023/p/12575

This panel aims to question the notion of “war trauma” by confronting it with the contrasting
experiences of African fighters (men and women) during the 20th and 21st centuries. It will
discuss the plurality of experiences and psychological manifestations, modes of care and forms
of recognition in contemporary African societies.
Few research works have focused on mental disorders among African fighters, whether they
were contracted during world conflicts, wars of decolonization, “civil wars” or even terrorist
actions throughout the 20th and 21st centuries. Nevertheless, these plural contexts offer a
variation of situations that invite us to study mental disorders related to war and combat
experiences through different perspectives.
This panel would like to adopt an approach going beyond the normative framework defined by
historical works focused on major European conflicts and medical care of “war traumas”. It
aims to bring together researches on: experiences of mental disorders by African fighters (men
and women); mental care delivered by medical and military institutions, but also by families,
healers and religious institutions; the moral and sociopolitical (non-)recognition of these
experiences, and its consequences on fighters, their psyche and transmission of their memories.
Although this panel is positioned in the historical field, approaches from all social sciences are
welcome and multidisciplinary analyses on the research materials are particularly awaited.
Interventions may concern fighters from all the African continent and its islands, regardless of
the conflict zones adressed.
----
Questionner le trauma. Troubles psychiques de combattants africains (20e-21e siècles)
Ce panel souhaite réfléchir à la notion de « trauma de guerre » en la confrontant aux
expériences extrêmement contrastées de combattant.e.s africain.e.s au cours des XXème et
XXIème siècles. Il discutera de la pluralité des vécus et des manifestations psychiques, des
modes de prise en charge et des formes de reconnaissance dans les sociétés africaines
contemporaines.
Les troubles psychiques de combattant.e.s africains, qu’ils soient liés à la participation aux
conflits mondiaux, aux guerres de décolonisation, aux guerres dites civiles, ou encore aux
phénomènes terroristes tout au long des XXe et XXIe siècles, ont fait l’objet de peu de
recherches. Ces contextes pluriels offrent pourtant une déclinaison de situations qui permettent
d’envisager les troubles liés aux expériences du monde combattant de bien des manières.
Ce panel souhaite promouvoir une approche qui permettrait de sortir du cadre normatif issu en
partie des travaux sur les grands conflits européens et visant la prise en charge des
« traumatismes de guerre » par les institutions militaires et/ou médicales. Il s’agit dans cette
perspective de faire dialoguer des recherches portant sur : l’expérience et le vécu des troubles
mentaux par celles et ceux qui en sont atteints ; leur prise en charge dans des sphères non
seulement médicales ou institutionnelles, mais aussi familiales, religieuses, vernaculaires ; la
(non-)reconnaissance de ce vécu au niveau moral et sociopolitique et les conséquences qu’elle
entraîne sur le sujet, son état psychique et la transmission de son expérience.
Si les travaux à l’origine de ce panel se situent dans la discipline historique, les approches issues
de toutes les sciences sociales sont bienvenues et les réflexions pluridisciplinaires sur les
matériaux mobilisés sont particulièrement attendues. Les interventions pourront concerner les
combattant.e.s issu.e.s de l’ensemble du continent et de ses îles, quelles que soient les zones de
conflits.

Avant le 9 janvier 2023