lundi 4 mars 2024

L'épidémie de zika au Brésil

Viruses and Reproductive Injustice: Zika in Brazil
 

Ilana Löwy

Publisher ‏ : ‎ Johns Hopkins University Press (January 30, 2024)
Language ‏ : ‎ English
Paperback ‏ : ‎ 294 pages
ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-1421447919



Brazil's Zika outbreak revealed extreme health disparities and reproductive injustice across racial and socioeconomic lines.

Brazil's 2015 Zika outbreak led to severe illnesses for many and the birth of several thousands of children with severe brain damage. Even though mosquito-borne diseases such as the Zika virus affect people across society, these children were born almost exclusively to poor, and usually non-white, women. In Viruses and Reproductive Injustice, Ilana Löwy explores the complicated health disparities and reproductive injustice that led to these cases of congenital Zika syndrome.

Löwy examines the history of the outbreak in Brazil and connects it to broader questions concerning reproductive rights, the medical science behind understanding new pathogens, and the role of international health organizations in battling—or ignoring—public health crises. The explanation behind the strongly skewed distribution of cases among social classes was far from straightforward or obvious during the Zika outbreak. Löwy argues that the disproportionate effect of Zika on births among the poor is primarily a function of dramatic disparities in access to contraception and prenatal care, as well as Brazil's anti-abortion laws: only wealthier women have access to safe abortions. This is a book about the changing meaning of an infectious disease outbreak and a haunting demonstration that an epidemic is both a biological and a political event produced by the complicated entanglement of humans, viruses, and mosquitoes.

Prix de thèse de la SFHST

Prix de thèse de la SFHST

Appel à candidatures


Comme chaque année, fidèle à sa mission d’encouragement et de promotion des études relatives à l’histoire des sciences et des techniques, la Société française d'histoire des sciences et des techniques récompense des travaux de recherche dans ces domaines. En 2024, le Prix de thèse de la SFHST sera décerné à la meilleure thèse soutenue en histoire des sciences et des techniques, entre le 1er janvier et le 31 décembre 2023 et rédigée en langue française. Il sera doté d’un montant de 1 000 €.


Les candidats désireux de concourir doivent envoyer au plus tard le 31 mai 2024 un mail à prixdethese.sfhst@gmail.com pour faire part de leur intention.

Ils recevront alors un lien internet afin de déposer électroniquement leur dossier qui devra contenir :

• une version électronique de leur thèse ;

• leur rapport de thèse ;

• un CV ;

• le formulaire de candidature dûment complété, disponible en pièce jointe.



Le Prix de la thèse de la SFHST 2024 sera remis lors des Journées Jeunes Chercheurs de la SFHST, qui se dérouleront en novembre 2024.

Pour plus d'informations, vous pouvez consulter le site de la Société.

dimanche 3 mars 2024

Les femmes des infirmeries de guerre d'Anna Freud

The Women of Anna Freud's War Nurseries: Their Life and Work


Christiane Ludwig-Koerner

 


Routledge
Published : February 2024
Cover : Paperback
Pages : 232
ISBN 13 : 9781032517544




In this volume, Christiane Ludwig-Körner describes the lives and work of the staff members of the War Nurseries set up and run by Anna Freud and Dorothy Burlingham during the Second World War.

The Women of Anna Freud’s War Nurseries looks in turn at each of the women who helped run the homes in Hampstead: Alice Goldberger, Sophie and Gertrud Dann, Manna Friedmann, Anneliese Schnurmann, Ilse Hellman and Hansi Kennedy. As young women, they narrowly escaped the Holocaust and dedicated themselves to children who had suffered the same fate. Few arrived with any knowledge of psychoanalytic theories or methods; this volume charts their education from Freud and Burlingham, which eventually lead to both Freud’s independent psychoanalytic child therapy training and the young women’s embarkment on careers as professional analysts. Using case studies throughout, Ludwig-Körner illustrates the intense relationships often experienced between children in care and their analysts/carers, and uses the children of the War Nurseries as examples for how contemporary psychoanalysts can work with children today.

This book is essential reading for psychoanalysts, especially those working with children, as well as scholars and professionals interested in the history of child analysts and childhood trauma.

samedi 2 mars 2024

Le travail invisible dans les soins infirmiers

Le travail invisible dans les soins infirmiers : histoires d'hier et d'aujourd'hui



Conférence d'Éliane Dalex, infirmière spécialiste en oncologie, HUG, et Marie Leyder, historienne en études genre, iEH2, UNIGE

Lundi 11 mars 2024, 12h15-13h30, Salle HUG 7A-8-758


(Bâtiment Prévost, 8ème étage, Aile Jura), Genève
















Lien vers la visioconférence

Poste de recherche sur la médecine socialiste

Research Associate (m/f/d) with expected fulltime employment

Call for applications


KennzifferDR/026/24Kategorie(n) Wissenschaftliches Personal Anzahl der Stellen1Einsatzort

Faculty of Arts and Humanities – Department of HistoryBewerbung bis17.04.24Text

Job description: scientific services for research within the ERC Starting Grant "Socialist Medicine: An Alternative Global Health History" original archival research with a thematic focus on either: socialist ideologies that informed the development of healthcare systems in state socialist countries, Western welfare states and/or newly independent states, exploring the various concepts that contributed to such systems and the practices employed histories of medical technologies in socialist contexts, especially pharmaceutical and biotechnological research, production and distribution from a scientific, economic and political perspective existing and perceived material and financial shortages and shortcomings in socialist countries, and technological and scientific expertise ideas of development, aid, solidarity, collaboration and exchange in shaping global health structures examining the ways local initiatives fed debates at national and international levels to analyse the interaction of political ideology and public health practices particular focus on the political and professional networks between Western welfare states and/or among states in the socialist world in shaping health systems contributing to project aims such as academic event organization, public dissemination of research results, publications


Requirements: 

  • completed academic degree and doctoral degree (PhD) (desired) in History or related fields
  • experience in archival research in various geographic locations
  • working language skills in two or more languages
  • peer-reviewed publications (or submitted/accepted manuscripts)
  • interest in interdisciplinary research with public health, medical anthropology and sociology
  • ability to work independently and collaboratively in research teams
  • excellent English communication skills



SOCMED (2021-2026), funded by an ERC Starting Grant brings the socialist world into the history of global health.

lt identifies health cultures produced by socialism (in all its variety) and explores the impact of socialist internationalism in co-producing global health in the 20th century. The project pioneers a new history that will not only transform our knowledge of historical processes, but will further our understanding of ideas, practices and processes that current global health structures have been built on.

You can find more information about the ERC project here: https://socialistmedicine.com

For further information or questions, please contact Prof. Dora Vargha dora.vargha@hu-berlin.de.Bewerbung an

Please send your application in English (including cover letter, research proposal, full CV and relevant certificates) quoting the reference number DR/026/24 to Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of History, Prof. Dora Vargha, Unter den Linden 6, 10099 Berlin or in electronic form as a single PDF file to dora.vargha@hu-berlin.de.

The Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin is seeking to increase the proportion of women in research and teaching, and specifically encourages qualified female scholars to apply. Severely disabled applicants with equivalent qualifications will be given preferential consideration. People with an immigration history are specifically encouraged to apply. Since we will not return your documents, please submit copies in the application only.

Data protection information on the processing of your personal data within the framework of the advertisement and selection procedure can be found on our Website: https://hu.berlin/DSGVO.

Please visit our website www.hu-berlin.de/stellenangebote, which gives you access to the legally binding German version.

vendredi 1 mars 2024

Une histoire sociale de l'insuffisance rénale et de ses traitements

The Body's Keepers: A Social History of Kidney Failure and Its Treatments
 

Paul L. Kimmel M.D.


Publisher ‏ : ‎ Mayo Clinic Press (February 13, 2024)
Language ‏ : ‎ English
Hardcover ‏ : ‎ 448 pages
ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 979-8887700304



A remarkable account of the kidney and the scientific, medical, and health evolution tied to our understanding of it.

The kidney is an extraordinary organ – in many ways the regulator, the metronome, the keeper of the human body’s delicate equilibrium. On a given day, minute by minute, it purifies the body of toxins it encounters from diet, climate, activity, and injury. It allows us to be and to move in the world. And yet most of us know so very little about these extraordinary vessels nestled in our bodies – and indeed millions of us only really learn about them when they stop working. Nearly a million Americans every year have end stage kidney disease, about 37 million have some form of chronic kidney disease. And it is an incredibly common universe of challenge and ailment that, until relatively recently, would simply kill those afflicted with it.

Renowned nephrologist Dr. Paul Kimmel takes us on an eye-opening journey through the history of kidney disease, dialysis, and transplantation. Drawing on both his extensive research and decades of experience in the field, he explains the development of treatments, technologies, and medical practices that have advanced the care of patients with kidney disease. Kimmel illuminates the impact of medical advances on the lives of those suffering from this debilitating disease and offers a clear understanding of the challenges that remain.

The Body’s Keepers also reveals the inequities and injustices at the heart of America's healthcare system. Filled with case studies, personal histories, and first-hand accounts, the book reveals the shocking truth about the exploitation of vulnerable populations in the pursuit of profit. Kimmel examines how disparities in access to care have led to life-threatening consequences for many Americans. He also looks at the ways in which the medical industry has profited from the suffering of others, and how the path to health equity is still far from being realized. With unflinching honesty and a passionate commitment to social justice, his book is an essential read for anyone looking to understand the complexities of modern healthcare.

jeudi 29 février 2024

Georg Frankl

Une histoire de l’autisme à travers l’épopée de Georg Frankl 

Conférence par le Pr D. Cohen,

Le 12 mars à 20h. 

Lieu : Amphithéâtre Morel – GHU Paris, psychiatrie et neuroscience – 1 Rue Cabanis – 75014 Paris. 


Argument :

Proposer une perspective historique sur l’autisme en 2024 peut paraitre pour certains une gageure. L’autisme est traversé par tant de passions, de conflits et de controverses, au cours de son histoire mouvementée, mais également aujourd’hui à notre époque contemporaine. Pour la psychiatrie de l’enfant, l’autisme est l’un de ses piliers fondateurs. La définition de l’autisme s’inscrira aussi en regard des définitions que les cliniciens adopteront pour la déficience intellectuelle, les troubles du langage et de la schizophrénie à début précoces. A chaque époque leurs définitions respectives poseront des questions en termes de diagnostic différentiel et d’hétérogénéité du syndrome autistique. Ce livre raconte l’histoire complexe de la découverte de l’autisme à partir des toutes premières descriptions d’Itard, Kanner, Asperger et d’autres pour arriver au DSM-5. Il s’agit d’une mise au point de l’état de l’art indispensable à ceux qui veulent comprendre les enjeux contemporains. Les auteurs émettent l’hypothèse que le texte de Georg Frankl publié ici pour la première fois après 70 ans représente un moment clé trop peu connu.

Ancien élève de l’Ecole Normale Supérieure, docteur en neurosciences, David Cohen est professeur à Sorbonne Université et chef du service de psychiatrie de l’enfant et de l’adolescent de l’hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière à Paris. Il est également membre de l’Institut des Systèmes Intelligents et de Robotiques (ISIR) et membre correspondant de l’Académie de Médecine. Outre son travail de psychiatre, il est également artiste plasticien : http://www.dcohen.biz/


Avec le concours de la Bibliothèque Henri Ey : https://www.ghu-paris.fr/fr/bibliotheque-henri-ey

Conférences ouvertes à toutes et à tous. Pour les internes, seul le suivi en présentiel aux conférences est validant.

Programme complet : https://levolutionpsychiatrique.fr/2023/09/30/seminaire-dhistoire-de-la-psychiatrie-de-sainte-anne/

mercredi 28 février 2024

La réception de la psychanalyse dans les lettres françaises (1900-1930)

Gide et Freud. La réception de la psychanalyse dans les lettres françaises (1900-1930)

David Steel

Classiques Garnier
Nombre de pages : 194
Parution : 21/02/2024
Collection : Bibliothèque gidienne, n° 29


La NRF joua un rôle important dans la réception tardive du « freudisme » en France. Désarçonné par sa découverte de la psychanalyse en 1921, André Gide reconnut des aspects de sa propre pensée, initia des traductions, incorpora du matériel freudien dans ses œuvres, tout en demeurant sceptique.