lundi 29 mai 2017

Les commentaires arabes des aphorismes hippocratiques

The Arabic Commentaries on the Hippocratic Aphorisms
Oriens, 45 (1-2), 2017

 The Arabic Commentaries on the Hippocratic Aphorisms: Introduction  
Peter E. Pormann and Kamran I. Karimullah

Subjectivity in Translation: Ḥunayn Ibn Isḥāq’s Ninth-Century Interpretation of Galen’s “Ego” in His Commentary on the Hippocratic Aphorisms
Elaine van Dalen 

A Reconsideration of the Authorship of the Syriac Hippocratic Aphorisms: The Creation of the Syro-Arabic Bilingual Manuscript of the Aphorisms in the Tradition of Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq’s Arabic Translation
Taro Mimura

Avicenna and Galen, Philosophy and Medicine: Contextualising Discussions of Medical Experience in Medieval Islamic Physicians and Philosophers
Kamran I. Karimullah

Womb Heat versus Sperm Heat: Hippocrates against Galen and Ibn Sīnā in Ibn al-Nafīs’s Commentaries  
Nahyan Fancy

Arabic Commentaries on the Hippocratic Aphorisms, vi.11: A Medieval Medical Debate on Phrenitis Nicola Carpentieri and Taro Mimura


Bourse de doctorat à Bordeaux

Bourse de recherche doctorale 2017-2021

Appel à Candidatures

EA 4574 SPH
Domaine Universitaire
33607 Pessac

L'Équipe d'Accueil "Sciences, Philosophie, Humanités" (SPH, EA 4574), cohabilitée par les
Universités Bordeaux et Bordeaux-Montaigne, lance un appel à candidatures pour une bourse de recherche doctorale d'un montant de 60 000€ (15 000€/an sur 4 ans).
Ce financement d’une recherche personnelle menée librement ne constitue pas un salaire et ne donne pas lieu à l’établissement d’un contrat de travail.
La/Le candidat(e) devra s'inscrire en première année de thèse au sein de l'EA SPH et son sujet devra s'inscrire dans l'un des axes ou sous-axes suivants :

1. Nature des Normes
  • Philosophie des Normes
  • Corps et Subjectivité
  • Études sur le Genre
  • Langage, Vérité, Intentionnalité
2. Epistémologies : sciences de la nature, sciences de l’homme
  • Histoires et Philosophies de la Nature, des Sciences et des Techniques
  • Biologie, Biopolitique et Bioéthique
  • Philosophies de l’environnement

3. Politique et historicité des Normes
  • Europe des Lumières
  • Éducation et société
  • Universalisme et Cosmopolitisme
  • République et Démocratie
  • Le Libéralisme et ses critiques
Les candidat(e)s doivent constituer un dossier contenant les pièces suivantes :

A. État civil
1. Pour les candidats français, une copie recto-verso de leur carte nationale d’identité.
2. Pour les candidats étrangers, un extrait d’acte de naissance traduit en français
+ copie recto-verso de la carte de séjour en cours de validité + copie de la page "état civil" du
passeport

B. Partie pédagogique
1. Une lettre de motivation indiquant clairement qu’il s’agit d’une demande de bourse SPH.
Indiquer adresses électronique et postale, numéros de téléphone, projet professionnel, emploi actuel, concours obtenus ou passés.
2. Pour les titulaires d’un diplôme français, fournir les relevés de notes obtenus depuis la L3
mentionnant clairement l’admission. Pour les candidats en cours de master 2, fournir un relevé de notes du premier semestre du M2 et une copie du procès-verbal de soutenance de mémoire.
3. Pour les titulaires d’un diplôme non français, fournir une traduction authentique du diplôme et des relevés de notes, certifiée exacte soit par un agent diplomatique ou consulaire français, soit par un traducteur juré en France.
4. Un curriculum universitaire et professionnel.
5. Un projet de thèse de 2 ou 3 pages maximum avec le libellé du sujet (titre).
6. Une lettre de recommandation du directeur du mémoire de Master 2 et l'accord signé du directeur de thèse pressenti appartenant nécessairement au centre de recherche SPH.
7. Les candidats étrangers non titulaires d’un diplôme français doivent fournir une certification de langue française délivrée par l’ambassade de France ou par le consulat.

Le dossier doit être envoyé à l'adresse électronique suivante (pas de dossier papier) :
valery.laurand@u-bordeaux-montaigne.fr
avant le 16 juin 2017 au plus tard. L'objet du mail devra comporter la mention « Bourses SPH» suivie du nom du candidat. Veiller à solliciter un accusé de réception. Les dossiers seront examinés par une commission du centre le 20 juin 2017. Seront retenus un certain nombre de dossiers pour audition des candidats le 27 juin 2017.
Renseignements : Valéry Laurand - valery.laurand@u-bordeaux3.fr

dimanche 28 mai 2017

La Table, entre santé et art culinaire

La Table, entre santé et art culinaire 

Conférence Benjamin Delessert


Mercredi 21 juin 2017
Espace Hamelin, 17 rue de l’Amiral Hamelin, 75116 Paris

Accueil des participants à partir de 13h30

Modérateur : Claude Fischler

14h00 : Introduction
Claude Fischler (EHESS-CNRS, Centre Edgar Morin, Paris)

14h15 : Le manger et la santé
Georges Vigarello (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales)

14h45 : Chine : Diététique et Nutrition à l’heure de la réforme économique Françoise Sabban (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales)

15h15 : Effets du contexte sur l’appréciation d’un repas. Du laboratoire à la vie réelle Adriana Galiñanes Plaza (Institut Paul Bocuse)

15h45 : Œuvre de chef ou cuisine d’artiste : les deux artifications de la cuisine Frédérique Desbuissons (Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne,

laboratoire de recherche HiCSA de l‘université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)

16h15 : La représentation de la table en images du Moyen Âge au XIXe siècle Patrick RAMBOURG (Université Paris 7 Denis-Diderot et Université François-Rabelais de Tours)

16h45 : Remise du Prix Jean Trémolières à Patrick RAMBOURG pour son ouvrage publié aux éditions Citadelles & Mazenod : « L’Art et la table »

17h00 – 17h30 : Cocktail

Inscription gratuite

Les corps et la science moderne

Funding bodies and late modern science


Call for Papers


Utrecht University, Cultural History Research Group and Descartes Centre
30 November – 1 December 2017


In his The Scientific Life. A Late Modern Vocation Steven Shapin addresses the status of the late modern scientist. On the one hand, we have an image of modernized and rationalized science: there is an impersonal, universal scientific method that has made science an object of planning as much as any other domain of modern society: “The full expression of the rule of rule over spontaneity is found in the confidence that the production of truth can be not just rationally organized but effectively planned.” (p.10) In this image of science it is of no importance who the scientist is: s/he is just an executor who is ‘morally equivalent’. At the same time, however, Shapin shows us that in late modern technoscience supposedly “premodern resources” like personal virtue, familiarity, and charisma have become all the more important in the production and spread of scientific knowledge and technologies. “Late modernity proliferates uncertainties”, Shapin argues, “and it is in the quotidian management of those uncertainties that the personal, the familiar, and the charismatic flourish.” (p.5).

Whereas Shapin focuses on industrial research – en passant questioning many of the supposed differences between science in industry and academia – we want to turn to a defining institution of academic research that displays similar tensions: the funding body. In recent years, these agencies have received much criticism, as they would have installed an audit culture in science: a culture of accountability with anonymised protocols, standardized application procedures and cycles of quality control, that are part of the present-day system of competitive research funding. Funding bodies, in short, seem illustrative of the organized distrust that would be typical of late modern institutions. Yet, it can easily be argued that trust remains very much central to the workings of funding bodies. The judgement of applications, for one, is often a process of personal interaction. In fact, following Shapin, we might postulate that in the organization of competitive research funding in late modernity a supposedly premodern resource like trust has become all the more important in the distribution of funds and management of careers.


In this mini-conference we want to explore the tension between distrust and trust, between the procedural and personal, in funding modes. Our central questions are how funding bodies have developed over time; how they have reconfigured “who truth-speakers are in late modernity” (p.6); and how this has changed (techno)scientific practices over the course of the twentieth century.

Contributions are expected to take funding bodies as their starting point, but can address many different aspects of the practice of science: the formation of disciplines, the development of scientific personae, the changing role of valorization and societal relevance of science, changing forms of science policy, the practice of application and grant-giving, et cetera.

Confirmed speakers are Steve Fuller (Warwick), Kirsti Niskanen (Stockholm), Laura Stark (Vanderbilt), Mark Solovey (Toronto), Ludovic Tournès (Geneva), Melinda Baldwin (Washington). In addition, we welcome submissions for twenty-minute paper presentations relating to the topics mentioned above. Abstracts of 300 words should be submitted by 15 June 2017 and can be send to Pieter Huistra atp.a.huistra@uu.nl or Noortje Jacobs at Noortje.jacobs@maastrichtuniversity.nl. A selection of the papers will be published in a special issue of the International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity.

The conference will take place at Utrecht University and is co-organized by the Cultural History Research Group and the Descartes Centre for the History and Philosophy of Science. There will be no conference fee. Lunches and a conference dinner will be offered to all speakers at no cost. Participants will be responsible, however, for their own accommodation costs.


Pieter Huistra | Assistant Professor Theory of History | Research Group Cultural History | Department of History and Art History | Utrecht University | Drift 6, 3512 BS Utrecht | Room 0.17 | p.a.huistra@uu.nl |www.uu.nl/medewerkers/PAHuistra

samedi 27 mai 2017

Alchimie, médecine et production de livres

Alchemy, Medicine, and Commercial Book Production. A Codicological and Linguistic Study of the Voigts-Sloane Manuscript Group

A. Honkapohja

Brepols Publishers
2017
ISBN: 978-2-503-56647-4

A detailed codicological and historical linguistic analysis of the Voigts-Sloane Group of medical and alchemical manuscripts in the context of commercial production of manuscript books in the decades leading up to the printing press.
The Voigts-Sloane group of Middle English manuscripts, first described by Professor Emerita Linda Voigts in 1990, has attracted much curiosity and scholarly attention. The manuscripts exhibit a degree of uniformity that may originate from systematic copying of medical and alchemical manuscripts (possibly for speculative sale) in London or its metropolitan area in 1450s and 1460s — only decades before William Caxton established his printing press in Westminster. Some of the manuscripts share a strikingly similar mise-en-page, others present a standard anthology of medical treatises in a standard order.
This book provides a thorough re-examination of these manuscripts through a combination of codicological and linguistic methodologies. It examines different procedures which may have facilitated the production of the manuscripts, including speculative production and copying of separate booklets. The study also addresses the dialect of the manuscripts, and code-switching between Latin and Middle English. By showing that the manuscripts sharing a similar layout are also written in the same dialect, the book thus provides important new information on the dialects of medical writing, and shows that dialect is a further defining feature for this manuscript group. The book also highlights late medieval concerns over alchemy and medicine, explaining the apparent contradiction of the inclusion of alchemy (which was illegal) in commercially copied manuscripts.

This study thus provides both a comprehensive new description of these manuscripts, and sheds new light on the commercial and cultural contexts of book production in late medieval England. Table of Contents

Les corps extraordinaires

Extraordinary Bodies in Early Modern Nature and Culture 


Call for Papers

An international workshop at Uppsala University, Sweden, October 26–27, 2017 

A wealth of literature has shed light on religious, philosophical, scientific and medical concepts of extraordinary bodies, wonders and monsters in the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Lorraine Daston and Katharine Park have been tremendously influential with their Wonders and the order of nature (1998) and in many ways contributed to our understanding of emotions and the monstrous before 1750. One of their suggestions is that there was no disenchantment, or clear pattern of naturalization, of monsters in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Monstrous births were explained by natural causes, such as a narrow womb or an excess of seed, already by medieval writers whereas they could still be read as divine signs in the late seventeenth century. No linear story took monsters from an older religious framework to a newer naturalistic one or from prodigies to wonders to naturalized objects. Wonders eventually lost their position as cherished elements in European elite culture but that had nothing to do with secularization, the “rise of science”, or some triumph of rational thinking. Rather, the emergence of strict norms and absolute regularity, both of nature’s customs and God’s rules, is a better description of this shift. Nature’s habits hardened into inviolable laws in the late seventeenth century and Daston and Park picture “the subordination of anomalies to watertight natural laws, of nature to God, and of citizens and Christians to established authority”. Monsters became, in an anatomical framework, regarded as organisms that had failed to achieve their perfect final form. Their value now depended, not as earlier on their rarity or singularity, but on the body’s capacity to reveal still more rigid regularities in nature. 

The history of monsters as submitted, not to secular powers, but to strict norms in early eighteenth century nature, culture and religion is intriguing and a number of questions can be raised. Were all bodies normalized by 1750 or can monsters still be found in science and medicine in the late eighteenth century? What else do we know about bodies and breaches of the expected in the early modern period? In the field of the deviant, has there been a general shift from natural rules to moral orders, from bodies to behavior? What other aspects of corporeality are there that can help us frame early modern nature and culture, to grasp its orders and disorders? 

The purpose of this workshop is to bring together scholars from different fields to discuss current research on extraordinary bodies in natural history, medicine, law, religion, philosophy, and travel literature in the early modern period. It will comprise of paper presentations and a concluding general discussion. 

We especially welcome research relating to topics such as: 

•Concepts of monsters in natural philosophy/history and medicine 

•Transgressions – species, individuals, elements, life and death 

•Anatomy, embryology and obstetrics 

•Bestiality, violations of the law 

•Emblematic bodies, signs and religion 

•Witnessing the extraordinary, emotions and perceptions 

•Visual cultures of the early modern body 

•Physical deviances and the law 

•Pregnancies, births and midwifery 

•Normalization and medicalization 

•Collections of wonders and curiosities 

•Classification 

•Moral and natural rules and orders 

•Embryos in medical research and education 

•Linnaeus, wonders and paradoxes of nature 

•Travel and the meaning of distant and exotic bodies 

•The politics of monster history 

Abstracts for papers of 200-300 words should be submitted no later than June 1, 2017 to Helena Franzén: helena.franzen@idehist.uu.se 

Please provide your full name, institutional affiliation, and contact details. The format of the workshop will not allow for more than c. 10 papers. We will select the abstracts to be presented at the meeting considering original research and relevance to the theme of the workshop. By June 15, 2017 applicants will be notified if their papers have been accepted or not. 

The workshop will be two full days, i.e. morning to late afternoon October 26–27, 2017. 

Registration, lunches, conference dinner and accommodation (two nights at the conference hotel) are free of charge for participants presenting papers. It will also be possible to obtain limited economic support for travel expenses. Please indicate in the application if such support is required for attendance and what level of support is needed. 

There are a few places available for additional participants. The deadline for such applications is also June 1, 2017. For those interested, please indicate your reasons for wanting to take part in the conference. No economic support will be given to attendees who do not present papers. 

The conference language is English. 

This workshop is organized by the research programme “Medicine at the Borders of Life: Fetal Research and the Emergence of Ethical Controversy”, funded by the Swedish Research Council and hosted by the Department of History of Science and Ideas at Uppsala University (http://medicalborders.se/). 

vendredi 26 mai 2017

Professeurs, médecins et pratiques en histoire de la médecine

Professors, Physicians and Practices in the History of Medicine: Essays in Honor of Nancy Siraisi 

Gideon Manning & Cynthia Klestinec (Editors)

Series: Archimedes (Book 50)
Hardcover: 279 pages
Publisher: Springer; 1st ed. 2017 edition (May 16, 2017)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-3319565132

This book presents essays by eminent scholars from across the history of medicine, early science and European history, including those expert on the history of the book. The volume honors Professor Nancy Siraisi and reflects the impact that Siraisi's scholarship has had on a range of fields. Contributions address several topics ranging from the medical provenance of biblical commentary to the early modern emergence of pathological medicine. Along the way, readers may learn of the purchasing habits of physician-book collectors, the writing of history and the development of natural history. Modeling the interdisciplinary approaches championed by Siraisi, this volume attests to the enduring value of her scholarship while also highlighting critical areas of future research. Those with an interest in the history of science, the history of medicine and all related fields will find this work a stimulating and rewarding read.

Les objets de la toilette dans la culture médiévale

Regards croisés autour de l’objet médiéval. Les objets de la toilette dans la culture médiévale

Journée d'étude

30 mai 2017

Salle des sculptures de Notre-Dame de Paris
Musée de Cluny
6 place Paul Painlevé, 75005 Paris


Selon une formule désormais éprouvée, cette journée d’étude réunira autour d’objets de la culture matérielle médiévale les regards croisés de l’histoire, de l’histoire de l’art et de la littérature, comme de l’archéologie et de l’anthropologie.

Longtemps victime d’une vision faussée de l’attention que les femmes et les hommes du Moyen Age portaient à leur corps, les objets servant à en prendre soin ont bénéficié récemment d’un nouvel intérêt et d’avancées de la recherche. Ils seront ainsi questionnés et étudiés au cours de cette journée, dans leur diversité et dans toutes leurs dimensions.


9h30 Introduction 
Carole Visconti (comédienne) 
Le bain et la toilette dans la littérature médiévale, morceaux choisis 

Du texte à l’objet  

10h30 Manon Lequio (École du Louvre) 
Les miroirs en ivoire. Pour une relecture de la production dite tardive, fin XIVe-début XVe siècle, à la lumière de la comptabilité et des inventaires princiers 

11h15 Marie Astrid Chazottes (LA3M) 
Prendre soin de sa chevelure et de sa barbe : études croisées des sources archéologiques et écrites provençales (XIVe -XVIe siècle) 


12h00  Déjeuner 


Études matérielles et anthropologiques 

13h45 Isabelle Bardiès-Fronty (Musée de Cluny) et  Dorothée Chaoui-Derieux (SRA Île-de-France) 
La trousse de toilette au Moyen Âge : l’objet de musée dans le miroir des archéologues 

15h00 Jean-François Goret (DHAAP) 
Archéologie de la toilette médiévale : la fabrication des accessoires relatifs au soin du corps à partir des matières dures animales et organiques 

15h30 Pause 


15h45 Almudena Blasco (Université de Barcelone) 
Suzanne et les vieillards : un regard sur la pudeur et la toilette (à propos d’un peigne du Bargello) 

16h30 Caroline Fournier (CRHIA - Université de Nantes) 
À la maison ou au hammam. Les objets de toilette dans le monde d’Al-Andalus 

Conclusion

17h15  Élisabeth Taburet-Delahaye (Musée de Cluny) 
Synthèse et questions 


Comité scientifique et organisation

Sébastien Biay (INHA)
Luc Bourgeois (Université de Caen)
Véronique Dominguez (Université d’Amiens)
Isabelle Marchesin (INHA)
Élisabeth Taburet-Delahaye (Musée de Cluny)

Contact

Marion Loiseau (INHA)