samedi 23 mars 2019

Art, anatomie et médecine depuis 1800

Visualizing the Body in Art, Anatomy, and Medicine since 1800: Models and Modeling 

Andrew Graciano (Editor)



Series: Science and the Arts since 1750
Hardcover: 294 pages
Publisher: Routledge; 1 edition (January 30, 2019)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1138544376


This book expands the art historical perspective on art’s connection to anatomy and medicine, bringing together in one text several case studies from various methodological perspectives. The contributors focus on the common visual and bodily nature of (figural) art, anatomy, and medicine around the central concept of modeling (posing, exemplifying and fabricating). Topics covered include the role of anatomical study in artistic training, the importance of art and visual literacy in anatomical/medical training and in the dissemination (via models) of medical knowledge/information, and artistic representations of the medical body in the contexts of public health and propaganda.

Les sciences de l'homme en union soviétique

Les sciences de l'homme en union soviétique : laboratoire de la modernité au XXe siècle ?

Appel à articles

pour la Revue d’histoire des sciences humaines https://journals.openedition.org/rhsh/

Dossier coordonné par Isabelle Gouarné et Olessia Kirtchik
Dans le prolongement du numéro que la RHSH avait consacré à « la sociologie derrière le rideau de fer » en 2007, ce numéro thématique se propose de revisiter les sciences de l’homme en Union soviétique, en dehors des clichés simplificateurs qui les ont longtemps cantonnées à un cas d’exception, coupé de l’histoire de la modernité au XXe siècle. Les sciences humaines soviétiques ont été ainsi pensées avant tout comme des sciences empêchées, sans réelle autonomie, victimes de censures et de répressions violentes, quand ce ne fut pas des disciplines entières (la sociologie, la psychotechnique, la paidologie, la psychanalyse, etc.) qui furent condamnées. Les innovations intellectuelles dont elles furent porteuses ne furent bien souvent analysées que comme le résultat des stratégies de contournement, de résistance ou de contrebande mises en oeuvre face au pouvoir soviétique.
Sans faire fi des contraintes politiques et idéologiques dans lesquelles elles ont été prises, l’objectif de ce dossier est d’interroger ce récit qui a fait des sciences humaines soviétiques le contre-exemple des sciences humaines occidentales, travaillées elles, au XXe siècle, par un processus d’autonomisation et de professionnalisation. Depuis les années 2000, c’est, en effet, une vision plus fine et plus complexe des rapports de ces sciences au pouvoir soviétique qui a émergé. En prenant notamment pour objet la statistique, l’économie, ou encore l’ethnologie, donc des disciplines valorisées pour leur « utilité sociale », leurs liens avec la planification et la construction d’un État socialiste, toute une série de travaux ont pointé les convergences qui avaient pu exister, non sans reposer sur de nombreux malentendus ni sans susciter de multiples tensions, entre la vocation politique des sciences sociales et le projet soviétique d’un État socialiste.
Suivant cette perspective, ce dossier propose de mettre au coeur de l’analyse les stratégies et les pratiques déployées, à partir des marges de jeu laissées plus ou moins ouvertes selon les périodes, afin d’aménager des espaces de recherche négociés. Les articles pourront aborder les diverses disciplines des sciences humaines et sociales et questionner les éventuelles spécificités soviétiques des configurations et labellisations disciplinaires. Les approches d’histoire sociale, attentives aux institutions, aux acteurs et aussi aux idées, théories et savoirs produits, sont vivement encouragées. Plus précisément, trois entrées pourront, de façon non exclusive, être privilégiées dans les articles :
1/ Comment, en premier lieu, penser les formes d’adhésion, de consentement, de résistance ou de retrait qui ont pu émerger face aux dispositifs visant à cadrer la production, la circulation des savoirs et autres activités savantes (organismes de censure, cellules de parti dans les instituts de recherche, etc.) ? Issu de la volonté d’emprise politique et idéologique de l’État-Parti sur l’ensemble de la vie intellectuelle, ce contrôle n’a pu toutefois fonctionner qu’en associant les milieux savants, contraints dès lors à des stratégies de compromis, d’adaptation ou de contestation. Ces dispositifs de contrôle, s’ils furent les instruments de l’imposition et de la répression d’État, ne furent-ils pas aussi des lieux-ressources mobilisés dans les luttes intellectuelles voire des lieux de négociation, où des contestations feutrées de l’ordre soviétique et de ses hiérarchies étaient possibles ?
2/ On pourra également s’intéresser aux rapports que les sciences humaines ont entretenus avec l’expertise d’État, en précisant les multiples modalités par lesquelles les savants soviétiques furent, selon les périodes, mobilisés pour la construction de l’État socialiste : fonctions de « conseil » et de « diagnostic », participation à la mise en place de politiques de gestion étatique de la société et de l’économie, etc. De quelle façon les sciences sociales soviétiques (et avec quelles attentes) ont-elles répondu à la demande sociale, implicite ou explicite, dont elles faisaient l’objet de la part d’un État qui se voulait un État savant ? Comment cette mobilisation étatique des savoirs pouvait-elle s’appuyer sur des processus de légitimation (scientifique/politique) croisés ou concurrents ?
3/ Enfin, troisième entrée possible : elle visera à interroger l’ambivalence de l’internationalisation des sciences soviétiques, en particulier dans la période post-stalinienne puis du socialisme tardif. Si elle offrit aux scientifiques soviétiques de nouvelles opportunités et ressources, matérielles et symboliques, cette ouverture internationale les obligea aussi à se soumettre à des contraintes supplémentaires, en raison du strict contrôle exercé par le pouvoir sur les contacts avec l’étranger. Dans quelle mesure des postures de loyauté pouvaient-elles se combiner avec des formes de contestation visant à redéfinir les contours des sciences sociales, sur le plan institutionnel et intellectuel ? Comment l’internationalisation a-t-elle pu conjointement favoriser des stratégies d’autonomisation intellectuelle et aussi permettre de réaffirmer l’utilité de ces savoirs et leur ancrage dans un projet politique de gestion de la société ?
En rupture avec les oppositions binaires héritées de la Guerre froide (Est/Ouest ; idéologie/sciences ; société fermée/ouverte ; dissidence/loyauté etc.), ce dossier vise ainsi à interroger la place des sciences humaines soviétiques comme laboratoire de la modernité du XXe siècle. Par les débats qu’elles ont suscités, les adhérences qu’elles ont eues avec un projet politique de transformation sociale, les rapports étroits qu’elles ont noués avec le pouvoir d’État, et aussi les répressions dont elles firent l’objet, leur destin questionne cette volonté de gouverner rationnellement les populations qui fut au coeur des sociétés modernes et les impasses auxquelles elle a abouti au XXe siècle.
Consignes aux auteurs
Des propositions d’article (3000 signes maximum), en anglais, en français ou en russe, sont à
envoyer avant le 15 avril 2019 aux adresses suivantes : adrhsh@gmail.com ; olessia@kirtchik.com ; isabelle_gouarne@hotmail.com
Le dossier paraîtra fin 2020. La revue publie des articles en anglais et en français, de 30 000 à
50 000 signes (espaces comprises).

vendredi 22 mars 2019

Une histoire médicale de Hong-Kong

A Medical History of Hong Kong: 1942–2015

Moira M. W. Chan-Yeung 


Hardcover: 290 pages
Publisher: The Chinese University Press (February 12, 2019)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-9882370852


This book gives an account of Hong Kong’s medical and health development from the Second World War to the present day, investigates how medical and health services grew and adapted as Hong Kong’s political and the socioeconomic landscape―and the world beyond it―changed, and continued changing. The author is a clinician-scientist rather than a social scientist, her writing is therefore based on her first-hand knowledge of the changes in the Hong Kong medical and health care scene, and the book has also been enriched by her meticulous research via the archives of available government publications, other literature, and media reports.

HOMSEA 2019

8th International Conference on History of Medicine in Southeast Asia (HOMSEA 2019)


Call for papers



To be held at the Centre for the Humanities and Medicine
The University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong HKSAR
12-14 December 2019


We invite scholars working on medicine and health in Southeast Asia to participate in the 9th International Conference on the History of Medicine in Southeast Asia (HOMSEA). As a global city with historic links to Southeast Asia, Hong Kong provides a critical site for exploring issues of interregional and transnational connections. The organizing committee welcomes contributions on any aspect of the history of medicine and health in Southeast Asia, including, but not limited to, the following themes:

• Ecologies (vectors and infectious diseases; environment(s); animal health)
• Governance (infrastructures; (post)colonial medicine; health metrics and big data)
• Borders (migrations; mobility; therapeutic travel; borderlands)
• Therapeutics (pharmaceuticals; alternative / complementary / minority medicines)
• Caregiving (children; ageing; end-of-life care; chronic and acute illness experience)

1. Individual papers: Submit an abstract of 300 words, together with a title, keywords, and a brief biography/CV (not more than 1 page, listing current affiliation, educational and work history, and publications).

2. Panel proposals: Submit a panel abstract of 300 words, together with a panel title, keywords, and a brief biography/CV of the panel organizer. Panels should consist of 4 to 6 presenters (proposals should include paper titles and abstracts of 150-300 words for each of the presenters with their names and affiliations).


Please send submissions in a Word file to Dr. Carmen Tomfohrde at chm1@hku.hk by 15 May 2019.

There are limited funds to subsidize some of the costs of participation for scholars from the Southeast Asia region, and for research postgraduate students. Please note that research postgraduate students will require a letter of support from their primary supervisors. If you wish to apply for funding, please click here, download the funding application form, and send it with the letter of support to chm1@hku.hk no later than 15 May 2019. 


Keynote Speaker:
Sunil Amrith 
Mehra Family Professor of South Asian Studies, Harvard University

Key Dates:
Submission: 15 May 2019
Notification: mid-July 2019

Program Committee:
Prof. Warwick Anderson, University of Sydney
Dr. Francis A. Gealogo, Ateneo University
Prof. Laurence Monnais, Université de Montréal
Prof. Robert Peckham, University of Hong Kong
Prof. Hans Pols, University of Sydney, Australia
Dr. Ria Sinha, University of Hong Kong
Dr. Priscilla Song, University of Hong Kong
Dr. Harry Wu, University of Hong Kong

jeudi 21 mars 2019

L'utérus chez Shakespeare

Humoral Wombs on the Shakespearean Stage 


Amy Kenny




Series: Palgrave Studies in Literature, Science and Medicine
Hardcover: 202 pages
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan; 1st ed. 2019 edition (January 22, 2019)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-3030052003


This book explores how the humoral womb was evoked, enacted, and embodied on the Shakespearean stage by considering the intersection of performance studies and humoral theory. Galenic naturalism applied the four humors―yellow bile, black bile, phlegm, and blood―to delineate women as porous, polluting, and susceptible to their environment. This book draws on early modern medical texts to provocatively demonstrate how Shakespeare’s canon offers a unique agency to female characters via humoral discourse of the womb. Chapters discuss early modern medicine’s attempt to theorize and interpret the womb, specifically its role in disease, excretion, and conception, alongside passages of Shakespeare’s plays to offer a fresh reading of (geo)humoral subjectivity. The book shows how Shakespeare subversively challenges contemporary notions of female fluidity by accentuating the significance of the womb as a source of self-defiance and autonomy for female characters across his canon.

Bourse de Master de la Wellcome Trust

Wellcome Trust Master’s studentship in History of Medicine/Medical Humanities

Call for applications

The University of Manchester’s Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine (CHSTM) has been awarded a number of fully funded Master’s studentships by the Wellcome Trust as part of its commitment to building an influential and diverse population of future researchers in the medical humanities and social sciences. 

CHSTM invites applicants for Wellcome studentships for the 2019-20 academic year, covering full fees at the UK/EU rate plus living allowance for study on our taught Master’s programme in History of Science, Technology and Medicine

Applicants must be strongly committed to building a research career relevant to the themes covered by the Wellcome Trust’s Humanities and Social Sciences schemes. You will have a clear proposal for a Master’s-level research project which will serve as preparation for doctoral study. Applicants who wish to specialize within a specific medical humanities discipline, such as historians who seek to build a career in the history of medicine, are encouraged to propose discipline specific research proposals. Applicants must be committed to pursuing research which examines health and/or medicine from a historically informed humanities perspective. Synergies with current areas of research activity within CHSTM are desirable. 

Expressions of interest may be directed to Dr Rob Kirk (robert.g.kirk@manchester.ac.uk). 

Application information and deadlines 

Applications should be sent to Dr Kirk at the email address above no later than Sunday 31 March 2019. Your application should include: 
  • a brief CV, with details of undergraduate degree held or being undertaken 
  • details of the research proposed (maximum of two pages), including (a) an outline of a your proposed Master’s-level research project and (b) a short indication of your anticipated doctoral research area
  • a letter of support from a current academic sponsor 

The successful applicant will be chosen by a committee of research-active University of Manchester staff who work across medical history and humanities.

Further information about CHSTM’s taught Master’s programme is available at http://www.chstm.manchester.ac.uk/study/masters/

Further information about CHSTM and the course is also available at our opening days at the University of Manchester (next event 6th March). For further details, see http://www.chstm.manchester.ac.uk/study/masters/open-days/

mercredi 20 mars 2019

L'esclavage et l'invention de la psychiatrie aux États-Unis

The Peculiar Institution and the Making of Modern Psychiatry, 1840–1880

Wendy Gonaver

The University of North Carolina Press
Hardcover ISBN: 978-1-4696-4843-9
Published: March 2019

Though the origins of asylums can be traced to Europe, the systematic segregation of the mentally ill into specialized institutions occurred in the United States only after 1800, just as the struggle to end slavery took hold. In this book, Wendy Gonaver examines the relationship between these two historical developments, showing how slavery and ideas about race shaped early mental health treatment in the United States, especially in the South. She reveals these connections through the histories of two asylums in Virginia: the Eastern Lunatic Asylum in Williamsburg, the first in the nation; and the Central Lunatic Asylum in Petersburg, the first created specifically for African Americans. Eastern Lunatic Asylum was the only institution to accept both slaves and free blacks as patients and to employ slaves as attendants.

Drawing from these institutions' untapped archives, Gonaver reveals how slavery influenced ideas about patient liberty, about the proper relationship between caregiver and patient, about what constituted healthy religious belief and unhealthy fanaticism, and about gender. This early form of psychiatric care acted as a precursor to public health policy for generations, and Gonaver's book fills an important gap in the historiography of mental health and race in the nineteenth century.

Genre et trauma

Gender and Trauma: Material, Methods, Media

Call for papers

2019 Great Lakes History Conference, Grand Valley State University

September 20–21, 2019 Grand Rapids, Michigan


Co-organized by Jason Crouthamel (Grand Valley State University), Julia B. Köhne (Humboldt University in Berlin), Peter Leese (University of Copenhagen) and Ville Kivimäki (University of Tampere, Finland).

Sponsored by the Grand Valley State University Department of History, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (CLAS), and in conjunction with the Michigan Council for History Education (MCHE).

Specialists in trauma studies and gender studies have collaborated to produce innovative research on war, genocide and other sites of extreme violence. Building bridges between scholars in trauma research and gender studies leads to important discoveries finding new source bases, methods and directions of inquiry, opens up new areas of research and raises critical questions. This conference aims to: 

1. Foster interdisciplinary dialogue between scholars in history, literature, media  (film/popular and fine arts) studies, psychology, sociology, culture studies, women and gender studies and other fields.

2. Share new sources, topoi and approaches in gender and trauma research.

3. Explore the different ways in which concepts of ‘masculinity,’ ‘femininity,’ or ‘queerness’ are shaped and affected by traumatic events (including war, genocide, economic crisis, environmental disaster, domestic violence and other forms of violence).

4. Explore and debate unconventional trajectories and tendencies in historiography and theory on gender and trauma.

5. Build connections between scholars and the public/community in discussions of gender and trauma as they relate to historical and contemporary sociopolitical issues.


We invite applicants who are interested in any topics related to trauma studies and gender studies (or who specialize in one or the other and would like to build interrelations between the two fields) across regional, national, chronological, disciplinary as well as taboo and other boundaries. We encourage a broad range of scholars, teachers and activists/policy-makers to send a proposal. Topics may include but are not limited to the following:
  • Analysis of gendered or sexualized violence in a variety of geographical and cultural contexts
  • Representations of gender, sexuality and trauma in (audio-)visual media
  • Gender and trauma in political (postcolonial), medical and military discourse
  • The impact of gender studies on military history (and vice versa)
  • Trauma, gender and memory
  • Gender analysis and narratives of trauma (archival, literary and cinematic sources)
  • Theoretical inquiry into gender and trauma as categories of knowledge and analysis (intersections between sex, gender, class, race, age, disability etc.)

One of the keynotes for the conference will be Professor Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela, Professor and Research Chair for Historical Trauma and Transformation in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South Africa. Her ​work explores ways in which the impact of the dehumanizing experiences of oppression and violent abuse continues to play out in the next generation in the aftermath of historical trauma. She also analyzes the relationship between remorse and forgiveness after historical trauma, and examines what she terms “reparative humanism” as an alternative to the notions of “healing” and “closure.” Her critically acclaimed work includes A Human Being Died that Night: A South African Story of Forgiveness, which explores the interweaving of guilt, shame and remorse on the one hand, and trauma and forgiveness on the other. The book won the Christopher Award in the United States and the Alan Paton Prize in South Africa.

Our second keynote is Dagmar Herzog, who is Distinguished Professor of History and Daniel Rose Faculty Scholar at the Graduate Center, City University of New York. She writes and teaches on the history of the Holocaust and its aftermath, the histories of religion and Jewish-Christian relations, and the histories of gender and sexuality. She is the author, most recently, of Cold War Freud: Psychoanalysis in an Age of Catastrophes (Cambridge, 2017), Unlearning Eugenics: Sexuality, Reproduction, and Disability in Post-Nazi Europe (Wisconsin, 2018), and Sexuality in Europe: A Twentieth Century History (Cambridge, 2011).

The conference encourages diverse session formats, including workshops, roundtables and traditional panels. We encourage individual proposals as well as workshop or panel proposals. In your application, please indicate the kind of format you would like for your session:
Proposals for individual papers should include a 300-word abstract and one-page CV.
Proposals for panels should include 300-word abstracts and a short CV for each panelist, as well as a brief description of the overall panel.
Proposals for workshops and roundtables can vary in size and format (e.g. pre-circulated papers, structured discussion, etc.). Workshop and roundtable proposals should include a 300-word abstract about the goals of the session, a list of participants (with their email addresses and affiliation) and a one-page CV of the session organizer.

Please email proposals to Jason Crouthamel (crouthaj@gvsu.edu) by April 30, 2019. Candidates will be selected and contacted regarding acceptance shortly thereafter. Please contact Jason Crouthamel if you have any questions.


Contact Info:

Professor Jason Crouthamel, Grand Valley State University, (616) 331-3298
Contact Email:
crouthaj@gvsu.edu

URL:
http://www.gvsu.edu/history