mardi 20 août 2019

L’Homme, cet inconnu d’Alexis Carrel

L’Homme, cet inconnu d’Alexis Carrel (1935). Anatomie d’un succès, analyse d’un échec


Étienne Lepicard

Classiques Garnier
Collection: Littérature, histoire, politique, n° 38
Nombre de pages: 517
Année d’édition: 2019

Évènement éditorial en1935, l’ouvrage de Carrel est cité au procès des médecins nazis à Nuremberg. Privilégiant une approche culturelle et littéraire, l’étude de l’essai du prix Nobel éclaire les débats éthiques contemporains, ou leur absence, notamment en matière d’eugénisme et d’euthanasie.

La crise du sida

The AIDS Crisis is Not Over

Call for Proposals 


The AIDS Crisis is Not Over 
Issue number 140 (May 2021)
Abstract Deadline: September 1, 2019
Co-Edited by Emily K. Hobson and Dan Royles

This issue of the Radical History Review will examine the politics of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. While it has been almost forty years since doctors first identified the disease in 1981, new HIV infections are increasing in areas stricken by poverty and violent conflict. People with HIV/AIDS also face new threats from the Trump administration, which threatens to gut key programs that provide care and treatment, both in the United States and in the Global South.

At the same time, the history of AIDS activism has provided a new generation of activists with templates for grassroots resistance in the age of Trump. This new generation has been joined by veteran AIDS activists; in the United States, these connections have been particularly visible on the front lines of fights to protect the Affordable Care Act and to stop Republican-led tax reform in Congress. Intergenerational links are also reshaping documentary narratives, artistic representation, and relationships between the Global North and Global South.

This moment of peril and possibility calls out for new histories of HIV/AIDS. Although people of color, women, and the poor are significantly overrepresented among those affected by HIV/AIDS, they are underrepresented in historical scholarship on the pandemic. By placing the disease in historical perspective, we hope to better understand crises of health inequity in a neoliberal global age, as well as the sites and modes of resistance that activists and advocates have carved out in this context.

With all of this in mind, we seek essays that document the breadth and depth of radical responses to HIV/AIDS, at political and geographical scales ranging from the local to the global. These may include contributions that address connections between AIDS activism and other social movements both backwards and forwards, from struggles for black, women’s, and gay liberation to Occupy Wall Street and Black Lives Matter. Essays may also address the radical politics of AIDS media, from the agitprop of Gran Fury and DIVA TV to struggles over AIDS and the arts, including both conservative censorship and the Tacoma Action Collective’s response to the exhibit Art AIDS America. Contributions may also examine HIV/AIDS as part of histories and geographies of colonialism and race-making, including the contested sites of Haiti, sub-Saharan Africa, the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and the politics of tourism, travel, and global commerce. Essays may also address AIDS and carcerality, including HIV criminalization laws, HIV/AIDS (activism) in prisons and jails, sex work, and HIV/AIDS in immigrant detention and control.

We will bring together scholars from a variety of disciplinary and geographic locations to advance radical histories of HIV/AIDS. Topics might include (but are not limited to):
Debates over the “origin of AIDS,” particularly in relationship to colonialism, geography, the human/animal boundary, and the racialization of the epidemic
HIV/AIDS activism, particularly including the circulation of tactics across political contexts, transnational connections, and responses in the global South
HIV/AIDS and people of color, particularly African American, Latinx, and Asian/Asian American communities and politics, and including transnationally
HIV/AIDS and women, including debates over transmission, women’s roles in HIV/AIDS activism, sex work, trans women, and family poverty
The place of HIVAIDS in LGBTQ history, including in relation to gay liberation, casual sex, radical sexual cultures, the rise of queer theory and politics, and homonormativity
HIV/AIDS and radical art and media, including as represented or misrepresented through exhibits, journalism and documentary accounts
HIV/AIDS and the law, including employment law, non-discrimination, and disability law
HIV/AIDS and health care, including universal health care, grassroots expertise, and relationships to “big pharma”
HIV/AIDS and labor, especially health care workers, unions, and voluntarism
HIV/AIDS in schools, sex education, and public education efforts
The political contexts of the epidemic, including neoliberalism, the New Right, globalization, and in contexts of socialist democracies or welfare states
Affective responses including shame, fear, pride, love, and affinity

The RHR seeks scholarly, monographic research articles, but we also encourage such contributions as photo essays; film, exhibit, theater, and book review essays; interviews; “conversations” between scholars and/or activists; brief interventions; and teaching notes and annotated course syllabi for our Teaching Radical History section. 

Procedures for submission of articles: By September 1, 2019, please submit a 1-2 page abstract summarizing the article you wish as an attachment to contactrhr@gmail.com with “Issue 140 Abstract Submission” in the subject line. By October 15, 2019, authors will be notified whether they should submit a full version of their article for peer review. The due date for full-length article submissions will be February 1, 2020.

Please send any images as low-resolution digital files embedded in a Word document along with the text. If chosen for publication, you will need to supply high-resolution image files (jpg or TIFF files at a minimum of 300 dpi) and secure permission to reprint the images.

Those articles selected for publication after the peer review process will be included in issue 140 of the Radical History Review, scheduled to appear in May, 2021.

Abstract Deadline: September 1, 2019

Contact Info: 

lundi 19 août 2019

Une archéologie de la folie

An archaeology of lunacy. Managing madness in early nineteenth-century asylums
 
Katherine Fennelly

Publisher: Manchester University Press
Series: Social Archaeology and Material Worlds
Format: Hardcover
Published Date: July 2019
Pages: 200
ISBN: 978-1-5261-2649-8



An archaeology of lunacy is a materially focused exploration of the first wave of public asylum building in Britain and Ireland, which took place during the late-Georgian and early Victorian period. Examining architecture and material culture, the book proposes that the familiar asylum archetype, usually attributed to the Victorians, was in fact developed much earlier. It looks at the planning and construction of the first public asylums and assesses the extent to which popular ideas about reformed management practices for the insane were applied at ground level. Crucially, it moves beyond doctors and reformers, repopulating the asylum with the myriad characters that made up its everyday existence: keepers, clerks and patients. Contributing to archaeological scholarship on institutions of confinement, the book is aimed at academics, students and general readers interested in the material environment of the historic lunatic asylum.

Le mouvement de la Croix Rouge

The Red Cross Movement, Voluntary Organisations and Reconstruction in Western Europe in the 20th century

Call for Papers


This one-day symposium will be held at the Centre d’Histoire de Sciences Po (Paris, France) on Friday 12 June 2020. 


Historical research on voluntary or non-government organisations and their contribution to the reconstruction of states, communities and humanitarian assistance to civilian populations following conflicts, epidemics and disasters through the twentieth century has generally focused on non-Western European countries. The historiography suggests that it is mostly in Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Asia and Africa that natural or man-made disasters have occurred, and that these places have been the focus for humanitarian assistance. The major geographical spheres of interest for Red Cross societies and nongovernment organisations to provide assistance to populations in times of severe crises do not generally include Western Europe, except for World War II. Rather, the humanitarian enterprise is viewed through the binary of the Global North/Global South, those who save and those who are saved.


This symposium intends to explore the ways in which non-government organisations have contributed to the reconstruction, and care for populations, in Western European countries such as France, the UK, Ireland, Germany, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Italy and the Netherlands. It seeks to investigate how the Red Cross movement - the League of Red Cross Societies/International Federation of Red Cross/Red Crescent, the International Committee of Red Cross and individual national societies - alongside other voluntary organisations such as the Rockefeller Foundation, Save the Children and a range of other international and local non-government bodies, have contributed to reconstruction in these countries at both national and local levels following times of crises such as wars, civilian upheavals and natural disasters. 


Here, reconstruction is not understood in its narrow and literal sense of the rebuilding of infrastructure, or the return to a previous state of being. Rather, we understand reconstruction as a series of complex social, economic, political, cultural and demographic processes that alter the status quo through their transformative nature, including immediate post-war assistance to populations. As Sultan Barakat (2005) has explained, reconstruction is “a range of holistic activities in an integrated process designed not only to reactivate economic and social development but at the same time to create a peaceful environment that will prevent relapse into violence”, or chaos. The focus of this symposium, therefore, is to survey the role, influence and agency of not-for-profit and non-governmental organisations and civil society in times of reconstruction.

Questions to consider include but are not limited to:
► What is the role of such non-for-profit organisations in states traditionally
understood as strong, stable and self-sufficient?
► How have those states relied on civil society to assist the population where
state services could not?
► What was the role of Western European voluntary organisations in helping
these global powers?
► How have voluntary organisations assisted vulnerable populations
immediately after conflicts or major crises?
► How have voluntary organisations been able to create institutional
resilience in times of crises?
► What was the relationship between governments and non-government
organisations within and between the processes of reconstruction?
► What role did individuals play in navigating the world of reconstruction?




Please submit a 300-word abstract and a short biography by 21 September 2019 to
humanitarianreconstruction@gmail.com. A few small travel grants will be available for PhD candidates and Early Career Researchers. Should you wish to apply for funding, please attach a budget to your application and a short rationale for the funding request. Please note that this symposium is focused toward the publication of new research.



Organising Committee
Dr. Romain Fathi, Flinders University / Sciences Po
Prof. Melanie Oppenheimer, Flinders University
Prof. Guillaume Piketty, Centre d’Histoire de Sciences Po
Prof. Davide Rodogno, Graduate Institute Geneva
Prof. Paul-André Rosental, Centre d’Histoire de Sciences Po

dimanche 18 août 2019

La médecine de campagne

 
La médecine de campagne - Des croyances populaires à la médecine scientifique



 Exposition


Jusqu'au 23 septembre 2019
Maison de la Beauce, Orgères-en-Beauce (Centre-Val de Loire)



La Maison de la Beauce propose une exposition sur la médecine de campagne aux XIXe et XXe siècles : textes, objets, jeux, photos et objets « mystères » illustreront la méfiance des paysans pour les docteurs, l’importance des rebouteux et des plantes médicinales, le rôle de la matrone, du dentiste et du pharmacien...

Jusqu’à la seconde moitié du XVIIIe siècle, l’espérance de vie d’un Français était en moyenne de 25 ans. Un siècle plus tard, les grandes crises - famines, épidémies - tendent à s’espacer et les progrès accomplis dans le domaine médical permettent la diminution de la mortalité des enfants et l’augmentation de l’espérance de vie, qui atteint alors 43 ans. Hier les antibiotiques et l’hygiène, aujourd’hui les greffes, la lutte contre les maladies cancéreuses et les espoirs fondés sur la thérapie génique permettent aux hommes de vivre en moyenne 79,5 ans et aux femmes 85,4 ans. Actuellement, alors que la France n’a jamais compté autant de médecins, certains territoires, ruraux comme urbains, font face à une pénurie de généralistes et de spécialistes.

La Maison de la Beauce propose une exposition sur la médecine de campagne aux XIXe et XXe siècles : textes, objets, jeux, photos et objets « mystères » illustreront la méfiance des paysans pour les docteurs, l’importance des rebouteux et des plantes médicinales, le rôle de la matrone, du dentiste et du pharmacien... La présence de nombreux outils comme les extracteurs de dents, les clystères ou les crachoirs vous feront aimer encore plus le XXIe siècle !

Cette exposition est également l’occasion de comprendre l’évolution de la médecine et de s’interroger sur les raisons de la désertification médicale.

Documenter l'épidémie de VIH/sida

Memory Lives On: Documenting the HIV/AIDS Epidemic


Symposium



Memory Lives On: Documenting the HIV/AIDS Epidemic is an interdisciplinary symposium exploring and reflecting on topics related to archives and the practice of documenting the stories of HIV/AIDS. 

The task of documenting the history of HIV/AIDS and thinking about the present and future of the epidemic is daunting. The enormity and complexity of the stories and perspectives on the disease, which has affected so many millions of patients and families around the world, present significant challenges that demand continual reexamination. Questions of “what do we collect and from where” and “whose stories do we know best.” The ways in which we handle documentary evidence and produce knowledge from that evidence has profound effects on a huge range of social, economic and health outcomes. In examining and reflecting on our knowledge of the history of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and its future, we hope to improve our understanding of the true effects of the disease, and what it can teach us about future epidemics.

The Symposium will take place in Byers Auditorium in Genentech Hall at the UCSF Mission Bay Campus in San Francisco, October 4th and 5th 2019. The program will be an afternoon session and evening reception the first day, followed by a full day of presentations the second.


Friday October 4, 2019
Opening Remarks
Dr. Paul Volberding

Keynotes
The Importance of Biomedical Science in Controlling Epidemics
Dr. Jay Levy

Panel 1: Silent No More

Invisible in a Time of Crisis: Women, Surveillance Definitions, and Rhetorical Possibilities in the AIDS Epidemic’s First Decade
Hillary Ash, University of Pittsburgh

Pint-size Attention: Why Histories of AIDS in the United States need to include Children
Jason Chernesky, University of Pennsylvania, History and Sociology of Science

Look Back in Anger: Hemophilia-AIDS Activism and the Paradox of Revenge-Effects Hemophilia
Stephen Pemberton, New Jersey Institute of Technology

Undoing NostalgiAIDS: Viewing and Thinking Differently About AIDS Documentaries
Alberto Sandoval-Sanchez, Bennett Boskey, Distinguished Visiting Professor of Latina/o Studies at William College and Emeritus Professor of Latina/o Studies at Mount Holyoke College

Panel 2: AIDS in San Francisco

Love is Stronger than Death: Making Meaning of AIDS in the Sermons of Rev. Jim Mitulski
Lynne Gerber, Independent Scholar

Breaking Through the Break-Up: Investigating “The Split” Between ACT UP San Francisco and ACT UP Golden Gate
Eric Sneathen, University of California, Santa Cruz; GLBT Historical Society

Documenting Discrimination: Lorraine Day, M.D. as Historical Subject, Bioethical Case Study, and Ongoing Threat
Andrea Milne, Case Western Reserve University

Some Beauty and Meaning from These Ashes: AIDS, Intimacy, and Everyday Experience in 20th Century America
Maya Overby Koretzky, History of Medicine Department, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine


Saturday October 5, 2019

Panel 3: Biomedical Research

Methods Matter: Equipoise along the pathway from early epidemic HIV research methods to implementation science methods focused on health disparities
Margaret Handley, UCSF Faculty in Epidemiology and Biostatistic and Medicine at the Center for Vulnerable Populations at ZSFGH; Co-Director UCSF Program in Implementation Science

I ain’t ready to die: HIV and Aging among Black Men who have sex with Men
Judy Tan, Division of Prevention Science | University of California, San Francisco Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS) | UCSF Prevention Research Center

A Historical Perspective on Contact Tracing During the HIV Epidemic
Arthur Amman, Founder Global Strategies for HIV Prevention, Global Health Sciences Affiliate Faculty Member, University of California, San Francisco Medical Center; Ethics in Health

Three studies in San Francisco — the AIDS cohort studies of 1983
Andrew Moss, UCSF Emeritus Professor of Epidemiology


Panel 4: Silences in the History and the Archive


Privilege and Silence: ACT UP, the Majority Action Committee, and Insurgent Transcripts of the AIDS Clinical Trial Groups
George Aumoithe

Obituary Parlor Games: Collecting and Analyzing Obituaries as Sources for Understanding the AIDS Epidemic
Elizabeth Alice Clement

Beyond Formal Equality: Closeted Bureaucrats, AIDS Policy-making and the Straight State in California

Stephen Colbrook

This panel brings together four papers focusing on the theme of silence in the historical narratives of AIDS. In addition to remedying those silences, the papers make connections between them and the gaps in the archival materials, arguing for an expansion of the kinds of materials preserved in collections.

Panel 5: AIDS and Education



Mobilizing the Archive: HIV/AIDS and the Multimedia Experience in the Classroom and Beyond
Sally Smith Hughes, reading a paper by Paul Burnett, with Roger Eardley-Pryor
Oral History Center, Bancroft Library, UC Berkeley


Embedding HIV into the Undergraduate College Course
Shan-Estelle Brown, Assistant Professor of Anthropology. Co-coordinator, Global Health Program, Rollins College


Panel 6: AIDS and the Power of Art

Documenting from Inside the Pandemic: AIDS and the Power of Art
Nancer Lemoins, KALA Institute
Sharon Siskin
Jeannie O’Connor


Archive as Cure: The Promises of Visual AIDS Activist Archiving
Marika Cifor, Information School, University of Washington


Closing Remarks
Dr. Monica Ghandi

samedi 17 août 2019

L'industrie de la reproduction

The Reproductive Industry. Intimate Experiences and Global Processes


Vera Mackie, Nicola J. Marks and Sarah Ferber, eds,

Rowman & Littlefied
Pages: 196 • Trim: 9 x 9
Hardback • July 2019
978-1-4985-7065-7 



From its origins in 1978, when the first babies conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF) were born in the UK and India, assisted reproduction has become a global industry. Contributors to The Reproductive Industry: Intimate Experiences and Global Processes reflect on the global dimensions of IVF and assisted reproductive technologies, examining how people have used these technologies to create diverse family forms, including gay, lesbian, and transgender parenthood as well as complex configurations of genetic, gestational, and social parenthood. The authors examine how IVF and other reproductive technologies have and have not circulated around the globe; how reproductive technologies can be situated historically, nationally, locally, and culturally; and the ways in which culture, practices, regulations, norms, families, and kinship ties may be reinforced or challenged through the use of assisted reproduction.



contributions from Jane Adams (Otago), Sarah Ferber (Wollongong), Sarah Franklin (Cambridge), Jaya Keaney (Sydney), Vera Mackie (Wollongong), Nicola J. Marks (Wollongong) Vasudha Mohanka (Wollongong), Robyn Morris (Wollongong), Damien Riggs (Flinders), Sonja van Wichelen (Sydney), Andrea Whittaker (Monash).

Réunion annuelle de l'AAHM

93rd Annual Meeting of the American Association for the History of Medicine


Call for Papers



May 7, 2020
Michigan, United States

The American Association for the History of Medicine (AAHM) invites abstracts for papers in any area of the history of health and healing for its 93rd annual meeting, to be held in Ann Arbor, Michigan, May 7-10, 2020. The AAHM welcomes papers on the histories of medicine, disease, and health broadly defined, including the history of medical ideas, practices, or institutions and the history of healing, illness, disease, or public health. We welcome proposals related to all eras and regions of the world. The Program Committee, led by co-chairs, Raúl Necochea López and Dominique Tobbell, particularly encourages the submission of papers and panels that increase the methodological, thematic, chronological and geographical diversity of the history of medicine and engage related fields (such as social medicine, literary studies, anthropology, or sociology).

For additional information and to submit an abstract go to http://www.histmed.org/cfp2020
URL: