samedi 19 septembre 2020

Maladies et pandémies dans la Rome antique

Malattie e pandemie nell’antica Roma. Cicerone, Plinio, Svetonio, Catone, Tacito, Marziale, Plauto, Seneca et alii 


Claudia Cerchiai Manodori Sagredo

 
L'Erma
Series: Studia Archaeologica, 240
Pages and Illustrations: 196, 2 b/w ill
Publication Year: 2020

Il volume esplora il tema delle malattie e pandemie dal punto di vista degli autori dellantichità classica. La selezione di citazioni riguardanti questa tematica, soddisfa la curiosità di tutti coloro che intendano approfondire l'inesauribile storia del nostro passato e costituisce uno strumento estremamente utile per gli storici della medicina. Una preziosa raccolta che consentirà di integrare tra loro informazioni provenienti da fonti diverse: documenti scritti, opere darte e reperti archeologici, inclusi i resti organici, oggetto di studio della paleopatologia. Particolare attenzione viene data alla vasta varietà di febbri e alle misure di contenimento delle malattie epidemiche.

vendredi 18 septembre 2020

Médecine antique et technologie

Ancien Medicine and Technology


Online Seminar Series 2020-2021
 

Organised by

Maria Gerolemou (University of Exeter, UK) / George Kazantzidis (University of Patras, Greece)

Contact: M.Gerolemou@exeter.ac.uk / gkazantzidis@upatras.gr


About this series

COVID-19 has affected our lives tremendously; it reminded us – more than any other recent event in history – of how vulnerable and exposed we are to what Susan Sontag calls the ‘onerous citizenship’ of illness, which everyone would be happy to renounce. The pandemic also changed the way we communicate and interact as an academic community of classicists, ancient historians and archaeologists.

The present series of online seminars, dedicated to exploring crucial aspects of medicine and technology in the ancient world, aspires to create a virtual space of dialogue for all those interested in the sciences of antiquity. Our aim is to revisit ancient notions of health and illness, human ingenuity and craftsmanship, and to ponder how others before us have wrestled with the grim reality of disease but also how they have used technê to make their lives better—or at least more endurable.

The series consists of 12 talks which will be held via Zoom. Registration – via Eventbrite – for the first three talks will open on September 10. You can register by clicking on the title of each talk.
 

Schedule

29 September 2020, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)
Introduction to ancient Greek automata
Theodosis P. Tasios (Academy of Athens). Respondent: Tatiana Bur (University of Cambridge)

26 October 2020, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)
Aristotelian science and Hippocratic gynaecology
Sophia Connell (Birkbeck, University of London). Respondent: Elisa Groff (University of Exeter)

27 November 2020, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)
Archytas’ dove in context: An investigation of the non-human agency between paradoxography, encyclopedism, and mechanics in the ancient world
Marco Vespa (University of Fribourg). Respondent: Isabel Ruffell (University of Glasgow)

17 December 2020, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)
Technology and Disability
Christian Laes (University of Manchester). Respondent: Jane Draycott (University of Glasgow)

28 January 2021, 17:00 p.m. (UK time)
Genos between phusis and technê
Emanuela Bianchi (New York University). Respondent: Gabriele Galluzzo (University of Exeter)

25 February 2021, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)
Mercury in late antique and medical sources: practice and theory
Matteo Martelli (University of Bologna). Respondent: David Leith (University of Exeter)

22 March 2021, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)
Ancient cabinet of curiosities
Véronique Dasen (University of Fribourg). Respondent: Dunstan Lowe (University of Kent)

15 April 2021, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)

Medicine in ancient Cyprus: the archaeological evidence
Demetres Michaelides (University of Cyprus). Respondent: Daniel King (University of Exeter)

3 May 2021, 17:00 p.m. (UK time)
Copper and human health in the Chalcolithic, the classical, and the age of COVID
Julie Laskaris (University of Richmond). Respondent: Colin Webster (UC Davis)

25 May 2021, 17:00 p.m. (UK time)
The Roman physician and the knowledge of the patient
Lauren Caldwell (UMass Amherst). Respondent: Chiara Blanco (University of Oxford)

24 June 2021, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)
Navigating between abstraction and observation: using astrolabes, globes and mirrors in the medieval Mediterranean
Divna Manolova (The University of York). Respondent: Karen ní Mheallaigh (Johns Hopkins University)

5 July 2021, 16:00 p.m. (UK time)
Nutrition in ancient medicine
John Wilkins (University of Exeter). Respondent: Laurence Totelin (Cardiff University)

Hosted by the University of Exeter

Festival d'histoire de la pharmacie

A New Social History of Pharmacy & Pharmaceuticals Festival



The American Institute of the History of Pharmacy and the University of Wisconsin–Madison School of Pharmacy are pleased to host the virtual festival, A New Social History of Pharmacy & Pharmaceuticals. The Festival will be a free online streaming event running from Thursday, September 24 through Tuesday, September 29, 2020.

Registration for the Festival is now open! Please click on the button below to submit your free registration and to reserve your spot at Festival events.
 

For questions or more information, please contact: aihp@aihp.org.

 
This five-day interdisciplinary Festival aims to generate a discussion related to the under-explored social history of pharmacy and pharmaceuticals. We hope the contributed paper panels, books talks, and invited Festival talks will stimulate/connect new scholarship as well as place a spotlight on emerging trends in the studies of pharmaceuticals, drugs, and alcohol more broadly. At the conclusion of the Festival, links to video recordings of the panels and presentations will be available below.

Festival Hashtag: To create a conversation surrounding Festival events and presentations, please use the hashtag #PharmFest when posting about the Festival on Twitter, Facebook, and other social media platforms.

Instructions for contributed paper presentations: Presentations during the virtual conference should be “to the point” and as succinct as possible. Presenters should aim to give about a 15-minute oral presentation. There will be approximately 10 minutes at the end of each contributed paper panel for a question-and-answer period.

Please consider a donation to AIHP to help support future programming like the New Social History of Pharmacy & Pharmaceuticals Festival. 

Publishing

The papers presented at A New Social History of Pharmacy & Pharmaceuticals Festival will be considered for publication in joint special issues of Pharmacy in History, The Social History of Alcohol and Drugs, and the Canadian Bulletin of Medical History.

Instructions for manuscript submissions: Festival authors should submit manuscripts for publication consideration in Pharmacy in History,Social History of Alcohol and Drugs, and the Canadian Bulletin of Medical History by August 21, 2020. Papers should be between 8,000–10,000 words; use footnotes; follow Chicago citation style; and use the conventions of historical writing (ie., no ‘methods’ or ‘results’ sections). After papers are received, the editors of the journals will decide on the placements of each manuscript.

For those participants not yet ready to publish to a full manuscript, please consider sending your work to Points, the blog of the Alcohol and Drug History Society. For further information and guidance, please contact Emily Dufton, the managing editor, or reach out to any of us at AIHP.

A New Social History of Pharmacy & Pharmaceuticals Festival Preliminary Schedule

All times are Central Time (-2 Pacific, +1 Eastern, +6 HRS GMT).

All participants will need to register for the online events. Registration information forthcoming. Registration is free.

Program subject to change. Download a .pdf version of the Festival program. Last Updated 9/8/2020.


Day 1—Thursday, September 24, 2020

9:00–10:00 AM: Festival Opening—New Directions

Host: Lucas Richert, University of Wisconsin–Madison and editor Pharmacy in History
Presenters:
Axel Helmstädter, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main & President of International Society for the History of Pharmacy
Erika Dyck, University of Saskatchewan and editor Canadian Bulletin of Medical History
Nancy Campbell, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and editor Social History of Alcohol and Drugs


10:30–11:00 AM: Invited Book Talk—Know Your Remedies: Pharmacy and Culture in Early Modern China (Princeton University Press, 2020)

Host: Rima Apple, University of Wisconsin–Madison

Author and Presenter: He Bian, Princeton University
Abstract: In Know Your Remedies, He Bian presents a panoramic inquiry into China’s early modern cultural transformation through the lens of pharmacy. In the history of science and civilization in China, pharmacy—as a commercial enterprise and as a branch of classical medicine—resists easy characterization. While China’s long tradition of documenting the natural world through state-commissioned pharmacopeias, known as bencao, dwindled after the sixteenth century, the ubiquitous presence of Chinese pharmacy shops around the world today testifies to the vitality of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

12:00 noon–1:00 PM: Panel 1—Contested Drug Markets

Panel Chair: Axel Helmstädter, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
Presenters:
Richard Del Rio, Florida State University: “Since When is Being a Drug Dealer a Bad Thing?: Race and the Criminalization of a Title in Early Twentieth Century America”
Joseph Gabriel, Florida State University: “Dangerous Markets: Risk and the Origins of ‘Ethical’ Pharmacy”
Mariana Broglia de Moura, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales: “Pharmacy’s Controls and Resistances During Brazilian Dictatorship”

1:30–2:30 PM: Publishing Landscapes Roundtable Discussion

Host: Lucas Richert, University of Wisconsin–Madison and American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
Presenters:

Toni Gunnison, University of Wisconsin Press
Kyla Madden, McGill-Queen’s University Press
Arnab Chakraborty, Medical History and Social History of Alcohol and Drugs

3:00–4:00 PM: Panel 2—Drug Regulation, Knowledge, and Use

Panel Chair: John Parascandola, University of Maryland, College Park
Presenters:

Nidia A. Olvera Hernández, Mora Institute (Mexico City): “The Mexican Pharmacopeia: The Inclusion of Psychoactive Natural Drugs in the Official Medicine (1846–1930)”
Christopher Blakley, University of California, Los Angeles: “Mkaumwa, Calumba and Miami Columbo: Slavery and Expropriated Pharmacology from the Swahili Coast to the Ohio Valley”
Michael Lewis, Christopher Newport University: “From Bar Rooms to Drug Stores to Dispensaries: The Evolutionary Response to the Liquor Problem in Athens Georgia, 1891” “Age of Drugs” cartoon from Puck in 1900. The Saloon Keeper says, “The kind of drunkard I make is going out of style. I can’t begin to compete with this fellow.” 


Day 2—Friday, September 25, 2020

8:30–9:00 AM: Invited Festival Talk—”Formula Magistralis and the Battle between David and Goliath: The Dutch Pharmacist Versus the International Pharmaceutical Industry, 1865-2020″

Host: Jeremy Greene, Institute of the History of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University
Presenter: Toine Pieters, Utrecht University


9:30–10:30 AM: Panel 3—Decolonizing Drugs from the South

Panel Chair: Maziyar Ghiabi, University of Exeter and SOAS, University of London
Presenters:
Thembisa Waetjen, University of Johannesburg: “Apartheid’s War on Cannabis”
Athos Vieira, IESP/UERJ, “Cocaine and the Night: The Social Life of a Drug in Rio de Janeiro during Brazil’s First Republic, 1885–1920”
María-Clara Torres, Stony Brook University: “The Twilight and Revival of Coca: Northern Cauca, Colombia, 1950s–1980s”

11:00 AM–12:00 Noon: Panel 4—Pain, Treatments, and Chinese Drugs

Panel Chair: Lucas Richert, University of Wisconsin–Madison and American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
Presenters:
Jim Mills, University of Strathclyde: “The Asian Cocaine Crisis: Capitalism and Colonialism in Conflict, c. 1900–c. 1916”
Rafaela Zorzanelli, State University of Rio de Janeiro/Brazi & Utrecht University (Visiting Scholar): “‘My Benzo is like my Grandmother’s Chamomile Tea’ – Approaching Chronic Use of Tranquilizers in Rio de Janeiro/Brazil”
Shu Wan, University of Iowa: “Chinese Physicians’ Discovery and (Un)reception of Ephedrine between the 1920s and 1930s”

1:00–2:00 PM: Panel 5—Trends in Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice

Panel Chair: Gregory J. Higby, University of Wisconsin–Madison and American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
Presenters:
Christian Brown & Ben Urick, University of North Carolina: “Capitation for Pharmacy Services: A Bold New Idea with a 40-Year History”
Johanne Collin, University of Montreal: “Gender and Pharmacy: Feminization and Transformation of the Canadian Pharmaceutical Profession since the 1950s”
Michael Oldani, Concordia University Wisconsin: “The Im/Possibleness of Radical Deprescribing: Can Pharmacy Take Back the Script?”

2:30–3:30 PM: AIHP Early Career Roundtable Conversation

Panel Chair: Paula De Vos, San Diego State University
Presenters:
Naomi Rendina, Case Western Reserve University (PhD 2020) and American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
Jacob Green, University of California, Los Angeles
Barbara Di Gennaro, Yale University
Aileen T. Teague, Texas A&M University

3:45–4:15 PM: Invited Festival Talk—”Doing Drugs in Socialist East Germany”

Host: Emily Dufton, George Washington University
Presenter: Markus Wahl, Institute for the History of Medicine, Stuttgart
“False Friends with Fair Faces” cartoon from 1916 NARD People’s Almanac.

 
Day 3—Saturday, September 26, 2020

8:00–9:00 AM: Panel 6—Shortages and Knowledge: Southeast Asian Perspectives

Panel Chair: Laurence Monnais, Université de Montréal
Presenters:
Gani Jaelani, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung: “Testing the Chanted Water: Medical-Based Experiment on Traditional Pharmaceutical Knowledge”
Malika Basu, Kalna College, University of Burdwan (West Bengal): “Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Education in Colonial India: Understanding the History of a Historical Science”
Nishanth Kunnukattil Shaji, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute: “Grappling with Morphine: A Local History of Painkiller Use in Kerala, India”

9:30–10:30 AM: Panel 7—Traditional and Early Modern Drug Knowledge

Panel Chair: Matthew Crawford, Kent State University
Presenters:
Edoardo Pierini, University of Geneva: “Different People, Different Addictions: The Recognition of Different Cultures of Intoxication in Early Modern Medicine”
Pedro Carlessi, University of São Paulo: “Neotraditional Medications: Ethnographic Contributions to the Conceptual Definition”
Julia Nurse, Wellcome Collection: “The Healing Power of Colour: Pigments as Potions in the Early Modern Period”

11:00 AM–12:00 Noon: Panel 8—Objects, Museums, and Names

Panel Chair: Briony Hudson, Independent Historian and Museum Curator
Presenters:
Laura Robson-Mainwaring, The National Archives (UK): “‘Own Name,’ ‘No Name,’ and ‘the Plague of Fancy Names’ in the Pharmaceutical Market c. 1870–1920”
Violetta Barbashina, Sloan Kettering: “‘…In Charity, for the Sake of Charity, and with Charity’: The Ointment Jar and the Virtue of Caritas in the Apothecary’s Practice”
Katarzyna Jarosz, University of Logistics and Transport in Wrocław: “The Development of Museums of Pharmacy in Post-Soviet Countries”


1:00–1:30 PM: Invited Book Talk—Compound Remedies: Galenic Pharmacy from the Ancient Mediterranean to New Spain (University of Pittsburgh Press, 2020)

Host: Petros Bouras-Vallianatos, University of Edinburgh

Author and Presenter: Paula De Vos, San Diego State University
Abstract: In Compound Remedies, Paula De Vos examines the equipment, books, and remedies of colonial Mexico City’s Herrera pharmacy—natural substances with known healing powers that formed the basis for modern-day healing traditions and home remedies in Mexico. The book traces the evolution of the Galenic pharmaceutical tradition from its foundations in Ancient Greece to the physician-philosophers of the Islamic empires in the medieval Latin West and eventually through the Spanish Empire to Mexico, offering a global history of the transmission of these materials, knowledges, and techniques.

1:45–2:45 PM: Panel 9—Breakthroughs and Ethics

Panel Chair: TBD
Presenters:
Pierre-Marie David, Université de Montréal: “Une décennie de ruptures de stock en médicaments au Canada 2010–2020: causes et effets d’une situation de moins en moins exceptionnelle Le cas des anti—cancéreux”
Jordan Liz, San Jose State University: “Pharmacogenetics and the Politics of Race: Conceptualizing Health, Purity, and Miscegenation in the US and Brazil”
Cheryl Krasnick Warsh, Vancouver Island University: “Dr. Frances Kelsey and the Animals: A Case Study of the Evolution of Pharmacology in the 20th Century”


3:30–4:00 PM: Invited Book Talk—OD: Naloxone and the Politics of Overdose (The MIT Press: 2020)

Host: Joseph Gabriel, Florida State University

Author and Presenter: Nancy Campbell, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Abstract: In OD, Nancy Campbell charts the emergence of naloxone as a technological fix for overdose and describes the remaking of overdose into an experience recognized as common, predictable, patterned—and, above all, preventable. Naloxone, which made resuscitation, rescue, and “reversal” after an overdose possible, became a tool for shifting law, policy, clinical medicine, and science toward harm reduction

 
Day 4—Monday, September 28, 2020

9:00–10:00 AM: Panel 10—Medicine vs. Drugs: African Perspectives

Panel Chair: TBD
Presenters:
Jo-Ansie Van Wyk, University of South Africa: “Radiopharmaceuticals in South Africa: From Apartheid’s Atoms to Ubuntu’s Isotopes?”
Phumla Innocent Nkosi, University of Johannesburg: “A Picture of Dagga Policing in Mid-Century South Africa (1932–1960)”
Muhammad Wada, Bayero University (Kano, Nigeria): “Internal Outsiders, Domestic Politics and the Campaign against Drug Abuse in Kano State, Northern Nigeria, 1999–2015”

10:45–11:15 AM: Invited Festival Talk—”Vaccines & Epidemics: Successes & Crises from Smallpox to COVID-19″

Host: Arthur Daemmrich, Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation, Smithsonian Institution
Presenter: John Grabenstein, Merck Vaccines (retired) and American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
1840s French cartoon by Cham lampoons profiteering pharmacists and doctors struggling to keep “la Grippe” (influenza) in Paris.

 
Day 5—Tuesday, September 29, 2020

9:00–9:30 AM: Invited Book Talk—Taming Cannabis: French Pharmacy, Cannabis, and Exotic Drugs (McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2020)

Host: Erika Dyck, University of Saskatchewan

Author and Presenter: David Guba, Bard High School Early College
Abstract: In Taming Cannabis, David Guba examines how nineteenth-century French authorities routinely blamed hashish consumption, especially among Muslim North Africans, for behavior deemed violent and threatening to the social order. This association of hashish with violence became the primary impetus for French pharmacists and physicians to tame the drug and deploy it in the homeopathic treatment of mental illness and epidemic disease during the 1830s and 1840s.

10:00–11:00 AM: Panel 11—Advertising Drugs and Pharmacy

Panel Chair: David Herzberg, University at Buffalo
Presenters:
Erika Dyck, University of Saskatchewan, and Mat Savelli, McMaster University: “Methodological Challenges in the History of Drug Advertising”
Jacques Guyot, Icahn School of Medicine at Mt. Sinai (NY): “‘This Formidable Foe Now Has a Conqueror’: Patent Medicine Advertising in British Guiana, 1880-1920”
Wouter Klein, Freudenthal Institute, Utrecht University: “Newspaper Advertising and the Start of A Global Market for Drugs in the 18th Century”

jeudi 17 septembre 2020

L’affaire Bladier

Un séminariste assassin. L’affaire Bladier, 1905
 

Philippe Artières



CNRS Éditions
Date de parution : 03/09/2020
Pagination : 152
Format : 14 x 20.5 cm
EAN : 9782271133304





« Ce que je me rappelle bien, c’est que le soir, au lit, avant de m’endormir, je me représentais en train de tuer ou de faire souffrir de jeunes garçons […] alors ma “verge” grossissait […] et il me semblait que je jouirais véritablement et que je serais soulagé dès que je pourrais réaliser ce que je me représentais. »

Jean-Marie Bladier, 17 ans, a écrit ces lignes dérangeantes après avoir étranglé et décapité, le 1er septembre 1905, dans la forêt de Raulhac (Cantal), l’un de ses jeunes camarades âgé de 13 ans, Jean Raulnay. L’assassin, encouragé par des médecins de l’époque, dont le célèbre professeur Lacassagne, a rédigé une « sidérante » autobiographie. Bladier y décrit avec une inédite minutie l’histoire de son état mental, au point que les experts, dans leur rapport sur ce cas de « sadisme sanguinaire congénital », n’hésitèrent pas à le citer, parfois longuement.
Comment comprendre ce fait divers de la France des débuts du xxe siècle, tiraillée entre archaïsme et modernité, catholicisme, traditions rurales et laïcisme républicain ? Comment lire en historien ce double acte de tuer et d’écrire ? Comment interpréter la puissance de cette écriture si incommodante ?
Exhumant de précieuses archives, Philippe Artières se confronte à la figure oubliée de cet élève du petit séminaire destiné à la prêtrise avant de commettre ce meurtre. Il propose une autre manière d’écrire l’histoire du crime et des sexualités, à la croisée de l’histoire et de l’anthropologie.

La peste dans le monde islamique

Why the Islamic World is Central to the History of Plague

Talk by Nükhet Varlik

14 Octobre 2020

1.00PM


Historical scholarship on the Black Death, inaugurated in the 1830s by European historians and medical authors, has since developed into one of the most prolific industries serving both the academy and the general public. That body of scholarship—an artifact of nineteenth-century Eurocentric and colonialist historiography—resulted in a virtual consensus, still in force, as to the temporospatial definition of past pandemics, as well as their causes and effects on societies that experienced them. However, this consensus draws exclusively on Europe’s experience with plague, which was exceptional in many ways and must not be taken as an example to draw broad generalizations for the rest of Afro-Eurasia or globally. In fact, recent humanistic and scientific scholarship alike has raised criticism of this outmoded yet persistent paradigm and opened up possibilities for rethinking the periodization, geographic scope, spread, transmission, and persistence of past plagues, as well as knowledge production relating to them. In my presentation I will discuss why the European plague experience can no longer serve as model for studying the history of plague globally. I will instead propose to situate the Islamic world at the center of historical inquiry (i.e., provincializing the European experience) and trace the ways in which this re-centering allows us to rethink older paradigms in plague's long history. Seminar co-sponsored by the Institute of Islamic Studies

mercredi 16 septembre 2020

Le spiritisme français au XIXe siècle

French Spiritualism in the Nineteenth Century

 

British Journal for the History of Philosophy, vol. 28, 2020


. Guest editors: Mark Sinclair and Delphine Antoine-Mahut

 

Introduction to French spiritualism in the nineteenth century
Mark Sinclair & Delphine Antoine-Mahut

Maine de Biran and Gall’s phrenology: the origins of a debate about the localization of mental faculties
Marco Piazza

Madness and spiritualist philosophy of mind: Maine de Biran and A. A. Royer-Collard on a ‘true dualism’
Samuel Lézé

On effort and causal power: Maine de Biran’s critique of Hume revisited
Mark Sinclair

The ‘empowered king’ of French spiritualism: Théodore Jouffroy
Delphine Antoine-Mahut

Auguste Comte and spiritualism
Laurent Clauzade

Habit, contingency, love: on Félix Ravaisson and Charles S. Peirce
Tullio Viola

Overcoming the divide between freedom and nature: Clarisse Coignet on the metaphysics of independent morality
Jeremy Dunham

Théodule Ribot and the spiritualist tradition: the philosophical roots of scientific psychology
Denise Vincenti  


Bergson and the spiritualist origins of the ideology of creativity in philosophy
Giuseppe Bianco
 

 

Histoire et philosophie de la Covid-19

HPLS COVID.-19 topical collections

Call For Papers

We are writing to invite you to submit a paper to History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences, specifically, to one of two Topical Collections that we are planning to host on the current pandemic. The aim of these collections, as specified in the Call For Papers below (and at these links: https://www.springer.com/journal/40656/updates/17964648 and https://www.springer.com/journal/40656/updates/17964642 ), is to bring expertise from the history, philosophy, and social studies of the life sciences broadly conceived to bear on the COVID-19 pandemic. We are aiming for broad representation of the many different perspectives within our global community, and we are particularly hoping that you will be able to contribute, given your world-leading expertise on justice and discrimination concerns associated to scientific knowledge-making.  

As you see below, your contribution would not have to be long: the first of our CFPs looks for short, incisive contributions calling attention to specific aspects of the pandemic. If you are interested in writing a longer paper, the second CFP invites standard-length contributions with the opportunity for detailed analysis.

We very much hope that it will be possible for you to accept this invitation, and thus enter in dialogue with us and other authors from our broad community. Don't hesitate to get in touch if you need further information.

With very best wishes,

Giovanni Boniolo, Sabina Leonelli, Lisa Onaga, David Teira, editors

 

Preliminary note: Titles, abstracts, and keywords, must include searchable terms like virus, SARS, coronavirus, COVID-19, SARS-COV-2, etc.

Topical Collection 1

Title:  Seeing Clearly Through COVID-19: Current and future questions for the history and philosophy of the life sciences

Editors: G. Boniolo - L. Onaga

Rationale:  This epidemic of global proportions has seemingly surprised everyone, from laymen, laywomen and children, to politicians, economists, clinicians and biomedical researchers. The world-wide pandemic has drastically changed our ways of living and will likely continue to change our ways of living in the future. At the same time, historical reflections have indicated that there have been precedents for the conditions leading up to and representing the disastrous effects taking place. It is the right moment to humanistically reflect simultaneously upon what has been happening and what is going to happen to our lives, planet, socio-economical relationships, and interpretations of our own meanings of life. The time is critical to think seriously through these historical and philosophical issues in terms of global health and global justice. HPLS wishes to invite a diverse group of scholars representing different regions of the world, disciplines, and intersectional concerns to produce short papers that each grapple with a historical-sociological-political-epistemological-ethical question. These papers would not only engage with current aspects raised or stimulated by the COVID-19 pandemic but also with views concerning questions about our future. Together, we hope these collected papers could design a foundation for ongoing conversations that highlight the expertise and contributions of scholars in the history and philosophy of the life sciences. In particular, we appreciate that the following themes could be tackled: scientific experts and laypeople; national science policies and international scientific organizations; governance and governmentality; uncertainty; policy requirements and political interference; big data; privacy and social control; herd immunity; eugenics; assessment of epidemiological positions; clinical and biomedical research; vulnerable and fragile groups; death and suffering; legal and illegal businesses; zoonotic diseases; environmental links; scientific globalization; re-globalization; vaccine research, animal models and experimentation on humans; structural and latent racism; agriculture; food security; etc. 

Format: Short pieces of about 1000 words, excluding references (max 10), abstract consisting of no more than two or three sentences, and a maximum of three keywords. Each question has to be well-posed and effectively contextualized both in the literature and in real health and field frameworks.


Publishing process
: Authors have to send their pieces to HPLS through the Editorial Manager, choosing Notes &Comments and, then, our Topical Collection "Seeing Clearly Through COVID-19." Manuscripts will be handled by Boniolo and Onaga, and they will undergo a light reviewing process involving at least one external reviewer. Manuscripts will be sent to production and published online immediately following acceptance, so as to facilitate the swift publication of research pieces of high societal and scholarly relevance.  


Time window
: Beginning of papers acceptance: August 15, 2020; Closure of papers acceptance: December 31, 2020.

 

Topical Collection 2

Title Biomedical knowledge in a time of COVID-19: Historical and Philosophical Perspectives

EditorsD. Teira – S. Leonelli 

 

Rationale: This Topical Collection brings together scholarly reflections on the COVID-19 pandemic from scholars in the history, philosophy and social studies of biology and biomedicine. Themes may include, but are not limited to, the role of modelling, data practices and uncertainty in pandemic science and policy responses; the genealogies and reconfigurations of life science expertise in the face of the pandemic; the biopolitics and governance of biological knowledge, particularly in related fields such as epidemiology and immunology; the implications for research organizations and management worldwide, including experimental practices and work with non-human organisms; the intersection between private and public research activities and services, including with regard to population monitoring and public health services, across countries; the history and implications of the specific discourse and metaphors (e.g. military) used to depict human relationships with disease; relevant conceptual underpinnings and methodological questions in epidemiology, such as how to compare different populations; historical links to eugenics and racism, particularly in relation to the focus (or lack thereof) on vulnerable populations; and methodological reflections on how the pandemic may affect scholarly work in the history, philosophy and social studies of biology. HPLS invites a diverse group of contributors representing different regions of the world, disciplines, and intersectional concerns. We hope that this collection will highlight the relevance and significance of contributions from the history and philosophy of the life sciences towards understanding the roots, unfolding and implications and of the pandemic.

FormatPapers between 5000 and 10000 words, including references.

Publishing process: All papers will be peer-reviewed as soon as possible and will be published online immediately following acceptance, so as to facilitate the swift publication of research pieces of high societal and scholarly relevance.  

Time windowSubmissions are welcome from August 15, 2020 until May 31, 2021. This long window for submission constitutes an exception to normal HPLS practice: it is meant to account for the widely diverging effects of the pandemic on prospective authors around the world (some of whom may have had ample time to research and write due to lock-downs, while others have had to take a break from work due to illness, caring duties or abrupt shifts in their working patterns and focus).

mardi 15 septembre 2020

Histoire de la statistique médicale

Le hasard et le pathologique
 

Mathieu Corteel


Éditeur Presses de Sciences Po
03 septembre 2020 



L'usage des grands nombres dans le domaine de la santé n’est plus un secret pour personne. Les taux de mortalité, les courbes démographiques, les moyennes nationales comme les médianes par genre, profession ou âge ordonnancent nos vies biologiques. Nous sommes pris dès la naissance dans un système de mesure de l’espérance de vie, par lequel s’évaluent continûment nos chances de perdurer. En période de crise sanitaire, lorsque la connaissance scientifique fait défaut, les nombres prennent une place encore plus grande : la statistique médicale devient le principal outil d’aide à la décision des pouvoirs publics.

Cette épistémè computationnelle a une histoire que Mathieu Corteel nous invite à découvrir. Elle trouve sa source dans l’interprétation des tables de mortalité au XVIIe siècle, et s’est transformée depuis, articulant différemment à chaque époque un état des connaissances mathématiques avec une pratique médicale et une vision politique de la santé publique.