jeudi 30 mai 2024

La diffusion des savoirs sur l'avortement en France

La diffusion des savoirs sur l'avortement en France, de l'époque moderne au XXe siècle



Rencontre

Le Laboratoire Contraception&Genre vous convie à la 25e séance de son séminaire, qui aura lieu le mardi 11 juin 2024, de 14h à 17h à la MSH Paris Nord (20 avenue George Sand, 93210 Saint-Denis), en salle 413. Il sera également possible d'y assister à distance via un système de visioconférence.

Pour y assister, merci de vous inscrire au préalable via ce formulaire, en précisant si vous voulez assister au séminaire sur place ou bien à distance (auquel cas un lien vous sera envoyé quelques jours avant la séance).

Thème de la séance : La diffusion des savoirs sur l'avortement en France, de l'époque moderne au XXe siècle.

Intervenantes :


- Laura Tatoueix (post-doctorante aux Archives Nationales/LabEx HASTEC ; EPHE, PSL) : « Divulguer les "secrets". La circulation des savoirs sur l'avortement en France à l'époque moderne. »
- Pauline Mortas (docteure en histoire, ATER à l’Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) : « La publicité pour des remèdes abortifs : un vecteur de diffusion des savoirs sous haute surveillance (France, années 1880-années 1930) »
- Carla Robison (doctorante au Centre de Recherches en Littérature Comparée, Sorbonne Université) : « Lire des romans pour apprendre à avorter ? Littérature et diffusion des savoirs abortifs (1920-1975) »


Retrouvez toutes nos actualités sur notre site: https://contraceptiongenre.wordpress.com/

mercredi 29 mai 2024

Colloque annuel de l’ACHN

Nursing Crossroads: Action, Inaction, and Reaction 

Colloque annuel de l’ACHN / Annual Meeting of CAHN


Saint Mary’s University

Halifax, NS, Canada

22 au 23 Juin 2024 – 22-23 June 2024



Samedi 22 juin 2024 – Saturday 22 June 2024


Mots de bienvenue – Welcoming Remarks 8:45

Peter L. Twohig (Présidente de l’Association canadienne pour l’histoire du nursing – President of the Canadian Association for the History of Nursing)



Session One 9:00-10:00
Protest and the Politics of Nursing – Protestation et politique des soins infirmiers


Sioban Nelson, University of Toronto, “In a state of experiment and change”: nursing professional associations and collective bargaining in the second half of the twentieth century”

Gloria Stephens, Independent Scholar, Nursing Vignettes Associated with the Halifax Explosion of December 6, 1917


10:00 to 10:30 Pause-café – Coffee Break


Session Two 10:30 to 12:00
Creating CAHN and The History of Nursing in Canada -- Création de l’ACHN et histoire des soins infirmiers au Canada


A Facilitated Conversation with CAHN Co-Founder Dr. Barbra Keddy, Professor Emerita, Dalhousie University School of Nursing, with Peter L. Twohig


12:00 to 1:30 Lunch


Session Three 1:30 to 3:00
Nurses in Action – Infirmières en action


Lydia Wytenbroek and Tamasha Hussein, University of British Columbia, A History of South Asian Nurses in British Columbia


Hrag Yacoubian ,Memorial University of Newfoundland, Adapting to Adversity: The Pioneering Role of Nurses in the Armenian Republic in 1920




3:00 to 3:30 Pause-café – Coffee Break



Session Four 3:30 to 5:00 Hannah Lecture
Dr. Nurse: Science, Politics, and the Transformation of American Nursing

Dominique Tobbell, Centennial Distinguished Professor and Director, Bjoring Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry University of Virginia School of Nursing


CONFERENCE DINNER


Dimanche 23 juin 2024 – Sunday 23 June 2024

Session Three 8:30 to 9:30
Nursing Education and Nursing History – Formation infirmière et histoire des soins infirmiers


Helen Vandenberg (University of Saskatchewan), Lydia Wytenbroek (University of British Columbia), Geertje Boschma (University of British Columbia) Nursing history in nursing curricula: incorporating photo analysis as a teaching tool


9:30 to 10:30 Pause-café - Coffee Break


Session Two 10:30 to 12:30
Nursing Roles, Technology, and Therapeutics – Rôles infirmiers, technologie et thérapeutique


Karen Nolte, Heidelberg University, “The incubator for the premature baby – machine, nursing and maternity in West Germany”

Sandra Harrisson, Université d’Ottawa Travail au féminin : Un gage d’une bonne santé mentale

Kelly Swaby, University of Manchester, Nurse Practitioners: The Lens to British Society


Christoph Schwamm, Heidelberg University, Infectious diseases, the history of childhood and the reorganisation of pediatric nursing in Germany, ca. 1950 – 1975


Lunch 12:30 to 1:30


Session Four 1:30 to 3:00
Nursing Experiences and the Military – Expériences infirmières et militaires

Delaney Beck, University of New Brunswick, “‘My own dears at home’: An Analysis of Lieutenant/Nursing Sister Bertha Merriman’s Wartime Familial Correspondence”

Ross Hebb, University of New Brunswick, “Nursing Sister Ina Lockhart’s Diary – A Surprisingly Unexpected Record”

Erin Spinney, University of New Brunswick (Saint John), Labour Upheaval: Gender, Professionalism, and Changes in 19th Century British Naval Hospitals


3:00 to 3:30 Pause-café - Coffee Break


Session Five 3:30 to 5:00
Nursing and the North and Rural Environments – Les soins infirmiers et le Nord et milieux ruraux

Amanda McCallum, RN, MN, Helen Vandenberg, RN, PhD, Kelly Penz, RN, PhD, University of Saskatchewan

Help Wanted, Experience Preferred, Stamina a Must: A Narrative Review of the Contextual Factors Influencing Nursing Recruitment and Retention in Rural and Remote Western Canada from the Early Twentieth Century to 2023

Gertrude B. Hutchinson, Russell Sage College, “The Grenfell Mission, Labrador Through the Eyes of Sophia V. Kiel, RN”

Myriam Lévesque, Université Laval, « She would teach me one on one. Then I would teach people»: rapports soignants entre infirmières et interprètes au Nunavik (1950-1996)



5:00 to 5:15 Remise de la bourse Vicky Bach - Vicky Bach Scholarship Award



mardi 28 mai 2024

Histoire de l'urine

Histoire médico-sociale de l'urine. De l’Antiquité à nos jours
 

Sofiane Bouhdiba 

 


L'Harmattan
Collection : Acteurs de la Science
Broché - format : 13,5 x 21,5 cm • 262 pages
Langue : français
ISBN : 978-2-336-45372-9
 


En retraçant l’histoire des pathologies liées à l’urine, en montrant comment l’urologie est née à Babylone, le professeur Sofiane Bouhdiba s’adresse ici à tous. L’auteur adopte ensuite une approche moins classique, en explorant l’évolution des représentation de l’urine, ses espaces et ses objets, de l’antiquité à aujourd’hui. Le lecteur pénètre ainsi dans le monde sordide des vespasiennes, des chalets de nécessité et autres espaces d’aisance, de rencontre, de convivialité, voire de débauche.

L’auteur nous emmène également à la rencontre de personnages fascinants, tels que « Madame pipi », ou encore l’ignoble « soupeur » qui hantait les toilettes publiques de Paris au XIXème siècle. Le livre contient enfin d’étonnantes réflexions sur les pratiques sexuelles organisées autour de l’urine, ainsi que cette urinophobie inattendue qui caractérise aujourd’hui encore certaines sociétés ou religions.

Produits alimentaires et guerre

Provisioning Conflicts: Food Commodities & War 

Call for papers



Following on from the 2022 and 2023 meetings, which focused on domesticated and wild animals respectively, the British Academy ‘Commodities of Empire’ Academy Research Project invites paper proposals for an international, two-day workshop on the theme of food commodities and war, hosted at the University of Birmingham (UK) on 12-13 September, 2024. The deadline for submitting a paper abstract is 3 June 2024.

*

As the present conjuncture makes all too clear, warfare has long been entangled with food and its commodification. Both as a stake in conflicts and as an instrument of them, food commodification has changed over time in part through varied and highly charged relationships to warfare, including irregular warfare and guerrilla activity. This workshop will focus on the study of food and war in order to examine the mutually constitutive operation of food systems and political-military conflicts – and to bring historians and scholars in cognate disciplines into closer conversation.

Researchers working with a wide range of methods have developed sub-fields of research on the interrelationship of food and war and we aim to build on this broad range, with an open chronological and geographical scope, while maintaining our core focus on commodities and imperial formations.

Economic historians of warfare, for example, have long analysed the role of shifting agricultural production systems in propelling geopolitical competition and military strategy, while international and legal historians have examined shifting norms and practices of food blockades and sanctions. Scholars of humanitarian activity, meanwhile, have produced rich ethnographies of the ethical matrices of food relief and historical studies of the operation of humanitarian reason or the lived experience of humanitarian predicaments. Global historians, for their part, have lately shown how warfare redefined notions of ‘raw materials’ and the mobilization of ‘natural resources’, durably reshaping landscapes and driving environmental change, for example by catalysing the rise of new technologies, input agriculture, and plantation monoculture. Finally, anthropologists and historians of ‘development’ have traced the impact of warfare on discourses, networks and practices of social transformation, increasingly paying attention to local social and cultural histories and to the operation of hierarchies of race, gender and class, among other categories, in shaping the interaction of food systems with warfare.

This workshop will ask how historians and scholars in cognate disciplines should best work in dialogue to study how warfare shaped the production, processing, trading, transport, distribution, consumption and destruction of food commodities, even as the dynamics of conflict were themselves altered by the evolving characteristics of food systems. We are particularly interested in multi-scale and multi-local projects that work imaginatively with primary sources and in collaborative research strategies that seek to re-conceptualise the relationship of food commodification to systems of value and to local or regional cultures. We place emphasis on the experiences of peoples subjected to different imperial hegemonies and on networks of circulation within, between and beyond specific empires. We are particularly attentive to local processes originating in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, and Latin America and to the impact of agents in the periphery on the establishment and development of commodity networks: as instigators and promoters; through their social, cultural and technological resistance; or through the production of anti-commodities. Finally, with a view to building on the work of our late colleague, Dr Kaori O’Connor, to whom a panel will be dedicated, we are interested in papers that explore the cultural biographies of food in wartime, in order to tease out multiple cultural identities and social changes.

Potential paper topics may relate to:
  • Food systems’ and food commodities’ reconfigured development or intensified exploitation during wartime, such as emergent systems of abstraction and standardization (e.g. food typologies, nutritional regulation, forms of agricultural and health knowledge, state-building via bio-politics) or emergent infrastructural arrangements (e.g. disease prevention, food transport, processing and storage, stock-piling, data/statistical/information systems).
  • The contested and plural role of economic, scientific, and legal concepts in the wartime politics of famine and hunger (e.g. markets and black markets; the politics of pricing and moral economies; surplus and scarcity construction in relation to food commodities).
  • Wartime reconfigurations of spatial arrangements characteristic of food commodification & wartime impacts on local environmental conditions and food systems (e.g. militarized extraction, production and processing, designation of home and fighting ‘fronts’, altered domestic and commercial spaces, the dynamics of blockades and autarkic economic sovereignties, “Commodity Wars” between neighbouring countries as a form of diplomatic conflict and/or internal colonialism).
  • Wartime reconfigurations of temporal frameworks characteristic of food commodification (e.g. seeding/fertilizing/disease/harvesting cycles; insurance/futures cycles; the impact of emergency mentalities and time horizons; the wartime uses of cornucopian, orientalist or declinist imaginaries; armistice periods and post-war reconstructions of food commodity systems; post-war memories and narratives of food commodities in wartime; reparations in connection with food commodities and/or the repurposing of wartime food systems for peacetime & future conflicts).
  • Racial capitalism and food commodities in wartime: expropriation and forced labour in food commodity systems, wartime approaches to financialization and the adaptation of debt and credit circuits or risk and insurance systems, the role of agricultural banks and futures contracts, wartime trading oligopolies and monopolies.
  • Input agriculture and wartime: the wartime politics of fertilizer and pesticide, seed and plant engineering, and plantation monoculture.
  • Environmental and climate histories/social practices of food commodification in wartime (e.g. the politics of temperature, irrigation and water supply, rainfall and flooding as it relates to food commodities in wartime).
  • Forms of resistance, adaptive or hybrid practice including the role of Indigenous knowledges and material cultures in the wartime politics of food commodification.
  • Systems of political obligation and humanitarian ethics in wartime as they shifted in relation to food commodities.
  • Water and war: potable water politics; irrigation infrastructure; etc.

We are interested in cases from all geographical regions, and in approaches from various disciplines, particularly history and cognate disciplines including anthropology, the environmental sciences, sociology and other scholars working on the history of food commodification in contexts of war.

This two-day workshop will be held at the University of Birmingham on 12-13 September 2024 and is part of the Commodities of Empire British Academy Research Project. Following the long-standing practice of Commodities of Empire workshops, papers will be grouped in thematic panels, pre-circulated to all workshop participants, and panel discussions will be opened by a chair or discussant. Paper-givers will then have the possibility to reply succinctly, and this will be followed by open discussion. Papers presented at the workshop may be considered for publication in the Commodities of Empire Working Papers series:

https://commoditiesofempire.org.uk/publications/working-papers/.

We strongly encourage graduate students and other early career scholars to propose papers.

Some funding is available to cover travel and accommodation expenses for early career scholars, and particularly for scholars coming from the Global South. We envisage the possibility of holding at least one panel in hybrid format to enable remote participation by speakers who may not be able to travel due to caring responsibilities, health, climate or financial considerations.

Please e-mail expressions of interest, with a title and an abstract of no more than 300 words, by 3 June 2024 to Dr Simon Jackson, at S.Jackson.1@bham.ac.uk.

We will notify authors about the acceptance of their papers by the end of June. They will then be asked to submit a draft paper of approx. 4,000-5,000 words (not counting footnotes and bibliography) 2 weeks prior to the workshop.

Contact Information

Lead organizer: Dr Simon Jackson (S.Jackson.1@bham.ac.uk)

lundi 27 mai 2024

Racisme, médecine microbienne et colonie intérieure

American Disgust. Racism, Microbial Medicine, and the Colony Within


Matthew J. Wolf-Meyer 

Univ Of Minnesota Press
296 pages, 5 1/2 x 8 1/2, May 2024

ISBN 978-1-5179-1624-4

American Disgust shows how perceptions of disgust and fears of contamination are rooted in the country’s history of colonialism and racism. Drawing on colonial, corporate, and medical archives, Matthew J. Wolf-Meyer argues that microbial medicine is closely entwined with changing cultural experiences of digestion, excrement, and disgust that are inextricably tied to the creation of whiteness.

Ranging from nineteenth-century colonial encounters with Native people to John Harvey Kellogg’s ideas around civilization and bowel movements to mid-twentieth-century diet and parenting advice books, Wolf-Meyer analyzes how embedded racist histories of digestion and disgust permeate contemporary debates around fecal microbial transplants and other bacteriotherapeutic treatments for gastrointestinal disease.

At its core, American Disgust wrestles with how changing cultural notions of digestion—what goes into the body and what comes out of it—create and impose racial categories motivated by feelings of disgust rooted in American settler-colonial racism. It shows how disgust is a changing, yet fundamental, aspect of American subjectivity and that engaging with it—personally, politically, and theoretically—opens up possibilities for conceptualizing health at the individual, societal, and planetary levels.


Manuel Routledge d'histoire de la médecine contemporaine

Manuel Routledge d'histoire de la médecine contemporaine: Médecine à/de les marges

Manifestation d'intérêt

Nous (Caitjan Gainty et Grazia De Michele) avons été invitées à soumettre une proposition pour un Routledge Handbook of the History of Modern Medicine. Notre vision est celle d'une collection éditée qui adopte un regard plus inclusif sur l'histoire de la médecine - un point de vue qui s'interroge sur la façon dont l'histoire de la médecine des 19e et 20e siècles se présente à ceux qui se sont tenus à l'écart de cette histoire. Cet "extérieur" peut revêtir de nombreux registres différents - universitaires, perspectives, méthodes, questions, acteurs et zones géographiques qui ne sont pas souvent inclus dans le canon de l'histoire de la médecine moderne, mais ensemble, ils offriront aux lecteurs de nouveaux outils d'interprétation tout en répondant à un besoin urgent d'une plus grande représentation et d'une plus grande inclusivité à la fois dans l'histoire et dans la contemporanéité des soins de santé.

Les contributions à ce travail peuvent représenter des perspectives sur la médecine depuis ses marges - du point de vue des dépossédés de la médecine "moderne" (par la maladie, par les préjugés, par la géographie), des critiques, des activistes, des concurrents sur le marché, etc., mais elles peuvent aussi refléter les points de vue de ceux qui travaillent dans les soins de santé : la communauté qui travaille dans les hôpitaux et les systèmes de santé, ou les praticiens et la pratique en dehors de l'Europe et de l'Amérique du Nord, qui tendent à dominer le récit de ce à quoi ressemble cette chose que nous appelons "la médecine moderne". Nous sommes également intéressées par des contributions qui pourraient réfléchir aux conséquences involontaires de la médecine - les erreurs et les préjudices médicaux, les déchets médicaux qu'elle produit, l'impact des données et l'importance des chiffres dans la pratique médicale. Ou encore des points de vue critiques sur des domaines tels que la génétique, la génomique, la santé publique, etc., qui contribuent à conférer à la médecine moderne tant d'autorité et de pouvoir. De même, de nouvelles articulations sur ce qui fait la modernité de la médecine, ainsi que sur où et pour qui cette modernité a ou n'a pas d'importance, pourraient être à l'ordre du jour.

Note: bien que le manuel soit rédigé en anglais, nous sommes en train de réunir les fonds nécessaires à sa traduction. N'hésitez donc pas à le faire circuler le plus largement possible.

Si vous souhaitez contribuer au manuel, veuillez nous envoyer un courriel à graziademichele@gmail.com et caitjan.gainty@kcl.ac.uk avant le 16 juin pour que nous puissions l'inclure dans notre proposition. 


***


Routledge Handbook of the History of Modern Medicine: Medicine from/at the Margins - contributor expression of interest (Spanish and French versions below)
Hello! We (Caitjan Gainty and Grazia De Michele) have been invited to submit a proposal for a Routledge Handbook of the History of Modern Medicine. Our vision is an edited collection that takes a more inclusive view on the history of medicine - one that asks how the history of 19th and 20th century medicine looks from the perspective of those who have stood outside of it. This “outside” can have many different registers - scholars, views, methods, issue, actors and geographical areas that are not often included in the modern medical history canon, but together they will offer readers novel interpretative tools while filling an urgent need for greater representation and inclusivity in both the history and contemporary of healthcare.


Contributions to this work might represent views of medicine from its margins - from the vantage point of "modern" medicine's dispossessed (by disease, by prejudice, by geography), critics, activists, competitors in the marketplace, etc., but it might also reflect the views of who else works in healthcare: the community who labor in hospitals and health systems, or practitioners and practice outside Europe and North America, which tend to dominate the narrative of what this thing we call “modern medicine” looks like. We are also interested in contributions that might reflect on medicine's unintended consequences - errors and medical harms, the medical waste it produces, the impacts of data and the currency of numbers for medical practice. Or in critical takes on areas like genetics, genomics, public health, etc., which help claim for modern medicine so much authority and power. Equally up for grabs might be new articulations about what makes medicine modern, as well as where and for whom that modernity does or doesn’t matter.


Note: though the handbook will be in English, we are in the process of acquiring funds for translation. Please therefore feel free to circulate this onward as widely as possible.


dimanche 26 mai 2024

Monstruosité, corps et savoir au début de l'Angleterre moderne

Monstrosity, Bodies, and Knowledge in Early Modern England: Curiosity to See and Behold   

Whitney Dirks 


Publisher ‏ : ‎ Amsterdam University Press (May 17, 2024)
Language ‏ : ‎ English
Hardcover ‏ : ‎ 290 pages
ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 9462986673
ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-9462986671 


In 1680, the poor cottager Mary Herring gave birth to conjoined twins. At two weeks of age, they were kidnapped to be shown for money, and their deaths shortly thereafter gave rise to a four-year legal battle over ownership and income. The Herring twins’ microhistory weaves throughout this book, as the chapter structure alternates between the family’s ordeal and the broader cultural context of how so-called ‘monstrous births’ (a contemporary term for deformed humans and animals) were discussed in cheap print, exhibited in London’s pubs and coffeehouses, examined by the Royal Society, portrayed in visual culture, and litigated in London’s legal courts. This book ties together social and medical history, Disability Studies, and Monster Studies to argue that people discussed unusual bodies in early modern England because they provided newsworthy entertainment, revealed the will of God, and demonstrated the internal workings of Nature.

samedi 25 mai 2024

Cinquante ans de planification familiale en République démocratique du Congo

Fifty Years of Family Planning in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
 

Jane T. Bertrand 


Publisher ‏ : ‎ Routledge; 1st edition (May 16, 2024)
Language ‏ : ‎ English
Hardcover ‏ : ‎ 334 pages
ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 1032718870
ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-1032718873


This book chronicles five decades of struggle to introduce family planning into one of the largest, most complex countries in sub-Saharan Africa: the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

Interweaving details of major political, social, and economic events into the history of family planning in DRC (formerly Zaïre), the book analyses the achievements and setbacks of five decades of programmatic work. President Mobutu’s 1972 discourse on Naissances Désirables (desirable births) opened the door to organized family planning programs, which gained considerable momentum in the 1980s despite societal norms favoring large families. Two pillages and armed conflict paralyzed development work during the decade of the 1990s, and family planning was one of multiple public health programs that struggled to regain lost ground in the 2000s. With new donor funding and implementing agencies, the 2010s witnessed rapid programmatic expansion and improved strategies. By 2018, family planning was operating as a well-oiled machine. But progress is fragile. The book ends by tracing the deleterious effects of the colonial period to contemporary programming and individual contraceptive use. It asks hard questions about donor financing. And it details the six conditions needed to accelerate family planning progress in the DRC, in pursuit of providing millions of Congolese women and men with the means of controlling their own fertility.

The book will be of interest to development and public health researchers and practitioners, as well as to historians of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.