lundi 24 février 2020

Histoire des savoirs infirmiers

Histoire des savoirs infirmiers 

Recherche en soins infirmiers 2019/4 (N° 139)




Éditorial
Le sens et la puissance des symboles révélés par l’histoire
Ljiljana Jovic, Emmanuelle Cartron et Didier Lecordier





Histoire des savoirs infirmiers
Avant-propos


La création de nouvelles sections du Conseil national des universités
Isabelle Richard et Stéphane Le Bouler

L’émergence des garde-malades dans le marché de la santé à Paris au XVIIIème siècle
Isabelle Coquillard

Pistes pour une histoire de la qualification des infirmières françaises
Christian Chevandier

L’École internationale d’enseignement infirmier supérieur (1965-1995). Un lieu de production, de diffusion et de développement des savoirs des soins infirmiers en France dans la seconde moitié du XXème siècle
Michel Poisson

Eléments pour l’ébauche d’une socio-histoire du groupe professionnel infirmier. Un fil conducteur : la formation des infirmières et de leurs cheffes
Sophie Divay et Lucile Girard

Éducation et santé : des pratiques aux savoirs
Séverine Parayre et Alicia Garcia


Les infirmières psychiatriques témoins d’un mouvement d’humanisation au cours des premières et deuxièmes vagues de la désinstitutionnalisation au Québec (1960-1990)
Marie-Claude Thifault et Laurie Kirouac


Un aperçu de l’évolution de la formation d’apprenti à une formation professionnelle en Amérique du Nord
Clémence Dallaire


La construction d’une problématique de recherche : de l’histoire d’une femme atteinte de sclérose en plaques à une recherche en sciences infirmières dans le domaine de la santé sexuelle
Sandrine Lefebvre et Ljiljana Jovic

Bourses de la Edward Worth Library

Fellowships at the Edward Worth Library, Dublin 

Call for applications


The Edward Worth Library, Dublin, is offering tworesearch fellowships (duration on month) to be held in 2020, to encourage research relevant to its collections. The Worth Library is a collection of 4,300 books, left to Dr Steevens’ Hospital by Edward Worth (1676-1733), an early eighteenth-century Dublin physician. The collection is particularly strong in three areas: early modern medicine, early modern history of science and, given that Worth was a connoisseur book collector interested in fine bindings and rare printing, the History of the Book. Research does not, however, have to be restricted to these three key areas. Further information about the collection and our catalogues may be found on our website: www.edwardworthlibrary.ie

The stipend is to the value of €2000 per month, during a period preferably between June and November. Please note that the Worth Library is usually closed during the month of August.

Fellows will be expected to reside in Dublin and to attend the Library during opening hours. Fellows are required to publish within a reasonable timescale (for example, 18 months to 2 years) their findings at the Worth Library either in the form of an article or a book, or part of a book; if appropriate the fellow may be asked to give a seminar or lecture on his or her chosen topic.


Applications to include:

– CV of the applicant.

_ References from two referees.

– Summary of proposed research (approx. 250–300 words)

– Preferred dates

In addition applicants must specify whether they are salaried or in receipt of any scholarship or stipend. They must also specify whether they have applied for any other travel or research scholarship to work in Irish libraries or archives. Fellowships are non-renewable.


Applications to be sent via e-mail, with a formal covering letter, to:


Dr Elizabethanne Boran,
Librarian,
The Edward Worth Library,
Dr Steevens’ Hospital,
Dublin 8,
Ireland.

E-mail: elizabethanne.boran@hse.ie


Please note that candidates must arrange for two references to be submitted by Tuesday 7 April 2020. Referees may submit their references via e-mail to the same address.


The closing date for applications is Tuesday 7 April 2020.

dimanche 23 février 2020

Hippolyte Taine et les sciences de l'homme

Hippolyte Taine et les sciences de l'homme et de la société 

Appel à contributions

Revue « Études Sociales »


Un quart de siècle après le colloque « Taine au carrefour des cultures du XIXè siècle » (1993), où en est-on de la réévaluation de son oeuvre ? Plus précisément, que peut-on dire aujourd’hui de la place que Taine a occupée et occupe encore au sein des sciences de l’Homme et de la Société ?

Se voulant un point d’étape sur la revisite toujours actuelle de l’oeuvre de Taine, le dossier « Hippolyte Taine et les sciences de l’Homme et de la Société » des Etudes Sociales voudrait aussi contribuer à la nécessaire réflexion de ces sciences sur elles-mêmes, leur histoire comme leur actualité. En effet, bien qu’ayant vieilli, l’œuvre de Taine reste une pierre de touche des apories des sciences de l’Homme et de la Société.

Le dossier envisagé comportera deux volets.
Premier volet

L’apport de Taine, en son temps, à la constitution d’une science de l’homme et de la société. En quoi le paradigme de Taine a-t-il affecté les savoirs sur les sociétés en cours de constitution, et en quoi ceux-ci, en retour, ont-ils pu l’inspirer ?

Axes de recherche suggérés
  • L’apport de Taine pourrait être également abordé à travers les institutions auxquelles il a collaboré : l’Ecole des beaux-arts et l’Ecole des sciences politiques où il a enseigné ou exercé un magistère intellectuel. Quelle conception d’une science de l’homme et de la société y a-t-il instillée ? Une étude consacrée à Taine et l’Ecole libre des sciences politiques est particulièrement attendue.
  • Un retour sur les relations que Taine entretient avec les institutions qui légitiment alors les sciences de l’homme et de la société (académies, sociétés savantes, maisons d’édition, périodiques) -où l’on constate plutôt son absence- serait instructif de son positionnement.
  • L’entrée par les auteurs pourra être retenue en partant de ceux qui ont reconnu une dette à l’égard de Taine. Dans cette perspective, une contribution sur Taine et Le Play serait appréciée. Elle permettrait d’aborder la question de la « méthode » de Taine (recherche des faits positifs, raisonnement inductif) et de ses sources (observation directe, archives). Le rôle des voyages d’enquête et d’observation pratiqués et théorisés par les deux auteurs pourrait être mis en lumière.

Second volet

La transmission et le devenir de l’oeuvre de Taine au sein des sciences humaines et sociales. Ce volet concernera l’intégration de la pensée de Taine dans/par les sciences humaines et sociales, les réappropriations et les occultations, les controverses et les réticences auxquelles elle a donné lieu.

Axes de recherche suggérés
  • Quelles traces de Taine trouve-t-on chez les auteurs contemporains en SHS ?
  • Dans quelles disciplines enseigne-t-on encore sa pensée et son œuvre ?
  • Par quel enchaînement, de Taine à nos jours, cette transmission s’est-elle opérée ? Rôle de l’édition ?
  • A l’inverse, quelles ruptures, définitives ou temporaires, constate-t-on dans cette transmission?
  • Dans une perspective réflexive, un bilan critique des « études tainiennes » contemporaines centrées sur le Taine initiateur d’une science de la société serait le bienvenu.

Conditions de soumission

Les propositions de contributions, précisant le thème et les sources, de 1 000 signes max., doivent être adressées
avant le 1er mai 2020

à Marine Dhermy-Mairal, secrétaire de rédaction de la revue marine.dhermy@gmail.com.

Nota bene : un dossier simple des Etudes sociales se compose de 6 articles de 50 000 signes, précédés d’une introduction de même importance par le/la ou les responsables du dossier.

(parution 2021)
Coordination
Antoine Savoye, Professeur émérite à l'Université de Vincennes Paris 8
Matthieu Béra, Maître de conférences HDR à l'Université de Bordeaux

Et l'ensemble du comité de rédaction de la revue Les Etudes sociales

Bourses de l'AAHN

American Association for the History of Nursing Research Grants 

Call for Applications


The American Association for the History of Nursing is currently accepting research grant proposals for its H-15 Grant, designed for faculty members and independent researchers, its H-21 Grant, designed for senior scholars undertaking a new historical research study, and its H-31 Grant, designed to encourage and support graduate training and historical research at the Masters and Doctoral levels. Grant materials must be submitted to grants@aahn.org by April 1, 2020. Proposals are reviewed by the AAHN Research Review Committee. Please visit www.aahn.org/research-grants for full details.


H-15 Grant
The H-15 Grant is awarded to faculty members or independent researchers for proposals outlining a historical research study. The grant provides $3,000 in funding. For faculty members affiliated with an academic institution, indirect costs for Facilities and Administration (F & A) of 8% are also available. Applicants must be AAHN members and hold the research doctorate. It is expected that the research and new materials produced by the grant recipient will help ensure the growth of scholarly work focused on the history of nursing.


H-21 Grant
The H-21 Grant is awarded to senior scholars (faculty members or independent researchers) for proposals outlining a new historical research study. The grant provides $3,000 in funding. For faculty members affiliated with an academic institution, indirect costs for Facilities and Administration (F & A) of 8% are also available. Applicants must be AAHN members, hold a research doctorate, and be the author of a published book in the field of history that is based on original research. It is expected that the research and new materials produced by the grant recipient will help ensure the growth of scholarly work focused on the history of nursing.


H-31 Grant
The H-31 Grant is designed to encourage and support graduate training and historical research at the Masters and research Doctoral levels. The grant awards $2,000. Proposals will focus on a significant question in the history of nursing. Students applying for this grant must be enrolled in an accredited Masters or research Doctoral program and a member of the AAHN. The research advisor will be doctorally prepared with scholarly activity in the field of nursing and health care history, with prior experience in guidance of research training.

samedi 22 février 2020

Loisirs et santé

Loisirs et santé. Invitation à prendre de l'altitude pour danser et respirer

25 février
12h15
Musée Historique de Lausanne
Place de la Cathédrale 4
1005 Lausanne 

Dès la fin du 19e siècle, les localités touristiques ont utilisé les affiches pour attirer les curistes. La mise en scène du corps dans le paysage caractérise souvent ce moyen de promotion. Réalisée en 1928 par l’artiste bâlois Jacomo, l’affiche de Leysin, “haut lieu” de la médecine vaudoise de l’époque, est conçue pour mettre en valeur les atouts climatiques du site. Son succès perdurera longtemps car cette silhouette s’envolant vers la lumière évoque un élan kinesthésique salutaire. Ainsi cette affiche hautement symbolique se prêtera à des usages multiples grâce à la variation de son slogan qui glissera de l’usage médical « Traitement de la tuberculose sous toutes ses formes » à celui des loisirs « Vacances ensoleillées ».

Par Daniela Vaj, historienne, responsable de la plateforme Viaticalpes & Viatimages, chercheuse à l’UNIL (Centre des sciences historiques de la culture) et au CHUV (Institut des humanités en médecine)

Le vieillissement dans les textes de Goethe et de ses contemporains

Age and Aging in Texts by Goethe and His Contemporaries


Call for Papers


Panel sponsored by the Goethe Society of North America

Annual Conference of the Modern Language Association

January 7-10, 2021, Toronto, ON

Organizers: Christine Lehleiter and Elisa Leonzio

Goethe was one of the relatively few of his generation who enjoyed an extended life span and it comes as no surprise that reflections on age and the aging process are frequent in his work. Goethe's Wilhelm Meister undoubtedly had significant impact on the establishment of an ideological context in which the young bourgeois individual was expected to leave the parents' house in order to become an autonomous being and, at the same time, a productive member of society (cf. Franco Moretti, Andrea Charise). Considering this framework, the elderly person that might suffer diminished economic productivity and lose autonomy when returning to the family or other support networks might seem a failure. However, while the Meister novel follows a young hero, in Goethe's Elective Affinities the narrator takes a more critical position vis-a-vis Eduard's enthusiasm for everything that is young and new while older individuals like the gardener highlight the values of maturity and duration. In other texts by Goethe, old age offers alternative perspectives from which modernity can be challenged. At the end of Faust II, Philemon and Baucis in their old age are strong reminders of the victims of the colonizing project driven by an ideology of progress. Even in those places where aging is depicted explicitly as a burden and obstacle (The Man of Fifty Years) new happiness is found once age is accepted and endorsed.

Against the backdrop of recent scholarship in historical and literary studies on old age in Western Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries (cf. Andrea Charise, Karen Chase, Susannah Ottaway), this panel seeks to explore presentations and conceptualizations of age and aging in texts by Goethe and his contemporaries. We welcome proposals from a wide range of texts and we are particularly interested in contributions that explore the topic at the intersection of literature and medicine. Beyond our overarching question of how age and aging were experienced, represented, and conceptualized in texts by Goethe and his contemporaries, topics may include (but are not limited to): What kind of values are associated with old age? How do these values inform social (in particular intergenerational) interactions (respect, stigmatization, care)? How are the categories of age, class, and gender connected (the widow, the alms receiver, the old sage)? What kind of strategies are employed in order to deal with old age or to postpone its onset (cosmetics, diet, exercise)? Is there an aesthetics of old age? What ideal of health, and what "welfare system," emerges from the texts, and what kind of power and power discourses are implied? How do the authors deal with the pain and deterioration usually associated with aging? What are the connections between medical and literary texts regarding the conceptualization of old age?

This panel is sponsored by the Goethe Society of North America.

Please send an abstract of no more than 350 words to Christine Lehleiter (christine.lehleiter@utoronto.ca) and Elisa Leonzio (elisa.leonzio@unito.it) by March 15th, 2020.

vendredi 21 février 2020

Histoire transculturelle de la santé

Making Sense of Health, Disease, and the Environment in Cross-Cultural History: The Arabic-Islamic World, China, Europe, and North America

Florence Bretelle-Establet, Marie Gaille & Mehrnaz Katouzian-Safadi (Editors)






Springer
ISBN 978-3-030-19081-1


This book has been defined around three important issues: the first sheds light on how people, in various philosophical, religious, and political contexts, understand the natural environment, and how the relationship between the environment and the body is perceived; the second focuses on the perceptions that a particular natural environment is good or bad for human health and examines the reasons behind such characterizations ; the third examines the promotion, in history, of specific practices to take advantage of the health benefits, or avoid the harm, caused by certain environments and also efforts made to change environments supposed to be harmful to human health. The feeling and/or the observation that the natural environment can have effects on human health have been, and are still commonly shared throughout the world. This led us to raise the issue of the links observed and believed to exist between human beings and the natural environment in a broad chronological and geographical framework. In this investigation, we bring the reader from ancient and late imperial China to the medieval Arab world up to medieval, modern, and contemporary Europe. This book does not examine these relationships through the prism of the knowledge of our modern contemporary European experience, which, still too often, leads to the feeling of totally different worlds. Rather, it questions protagonists who, in different times and in different places, have reflected, on their own terms, on the links between environment and health and tries to obtain a better understanding of why these links took the form they did in these precise contexts. This book targets an academic readership as well as an “informed audience”, for whom present issues of environment and health can be nourished by the reflections of the past.

Les spectres de la colonialité

Spectrums of Coloniality: Decolonizing Knowledge, Reconfiguring Practices, Recasting the history of the Sciences

Call for papers

"Decolonization, which sets out to change the order of the world, is, obviously, a program of complete disorder. But it cannot come as a result of magical practices, nor of a natural shock, nor of a friendly understanding. Decolonization, as we know, is a historical process: that is to say it cannot be understood, it cannot become intelligible nor clear to itself except in the exact measure that we can discern the movements which give it historical form and content."

-Franz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth, 1963, p. 36


Over the past decades, calls to decolonize academia have risen both in frequency and tenor. Such appeals strike at the heart of every domain of scholarly pursuit. From the university and museums, to teaching curricula, methodologies, knowledge production, epistemologies, and disciplinary formations, the reach of decolonial critiques is both wide-reaching and multifaceted. While the call has resulted in numerous responses, they are largely disconnected across the board. This symposium aims to organize a series of panels in which both the theory and praxis of decolonization are taken up in the context of the history of medicine and of the sciences. Doing so, entails engaging in discussions bound by a common decolonial commitment, rather than by the structuring schemas imposed by disciplinary, thematic, chronological, and geographic fields of specialization. Because the decolonization of the sciences requires a denaturalizing of the present, this call for papers is extended to scholars working on both colonial and postcolonial sites, modern and early modern, medieval, classical and non-Western knowledge-making practices and categories. Beyond these confines, we also invite papers that confront, historicize, and challenge the tacit ubiquity of white, male, patriarchal, ableist, and heteronormative “normality” that was central to the colonial project. The variety of domains – both quotidian and institutional – onto which the colonial was inscribed, the Spectrums of Coloniality, demands that we engage with a broad range of moments and geographies as well as a vast scope of themes. Ultimately, the aim of the symposium is to turn decolonization into more than a metaphor (Tuck and Yang, 2012) by facilitating conversations that cut across institutionally imposed boundaries. 


We are planning to organize a symposium for ICHST 2021 (https://www.ichst2021.org/) in Prague from July 25-31 2021. Following the symposium, the goal will be to submit a proposal for Osiris (https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/toc/osiris/current).


We encourage proposals on a wide range of topics that engage in a multitude of geographies, knowledge, methodological approaches, and disciplinary backgrounds. Topics include (but are not limited to) 

- Indigenous knowledges and sciences

- Early modern knowledge categories and sciences

- The political stakes of studying the past

- Logocentric knowledge systems and archival fictions

- The contingency of knowledge categories and disciplinary formations

- Material culture, visuality, and museum practices

- Global history methods and practices

- Science beyond Western contexts

- Geographies of knowledge production, travels, circulation, syncretism, and interaction of different epistemic systems.

- Contending with the legacy of imperial ideologies and colonial violence.

- Teaching curricula for the history of medicine and of the sciences

- Questioning the centrality of national historiographies

- The role of translations and translators in the history of science



Please submit abstracts to spectrums.of.coloniality@gmail.com by no later than February 28, 2020. Please let us know if you have any questions, comments or concerns.