mercredi 11 décembre 2019

Asile et communauté à Fidji

Colonizing Madness: Asylum and Community in Fiji 

Jacqueline Leckie

University of Hawaii Press
Published: December 2019
288 pages | 26 b&w illustrations, 4 maps
ISBN-13: 9780824878009

In Colonizing Madness Jacqueline Leckie tells a forgotten story of silence, suffering, and transgressions in the colonial Pacific. It offers new insights into a history of Fiji by entering the Pacific Islands’ most enduring psychiatric institution—St Giles Psychiatric Hospital—established as Fiji’s Public Lunatic Asylum in 1884. Her nuanced study reveals a microcosm of Fiji’s indigenous, migrant, and colonial communities and examines how individuals and communities lived with the label of madness in an ethnically complex island society. Tracking longitudinal change from the 1880s to the present in the construction and treatment of mental disorder in Fiji, the book emphasizes the colonization of madness across and within the divides of culture, ethnicity, religion, gender, economics, and power. Colonization of madness in Fiji was forged by the entanglement of colonial institutions and cultures that reflected tensions and prejudices within homes, villages, workplaces, and churches. Mental despair was equally an outcome of the destruction and displacement wrought by migration and colonialism. Madness was further cast within the wider world of colonial psychiatry, Western biomedicine, and asylum building. One of the chapters explores medical discourse and diagnoses within colonial worlds and practices. The “community within” the asylum is a feature in Leckie’s study, with attention to patient agency to show how those labeled insane resisted diagnoses of their minds, confinement, and constraints—ranging from straitjackets to electric shock treatments to drug therapies. She argues that madness in colonial Fiji reflects dynamics between the asylum and the community, and that “reading” asylum archives sheds new light on race/ethnicity, gender, and power in colonial Fiji. 

Exploring the meaning of madness in Fiji, the author does not shy away from asking controversial questions about how Pacific cultures define normality and abnormality and also how communities respond. Carefully researched and clearly written, Colonizing Madness offers an engaging narrative, a superb example of an intersectional history with a broad appeal to understanding global developments in mental health. Her theses address the contradictions of current efforts to discard the asylum model and to make mental health a reality for all in postcolonial societies.

Les pratiques psychiatriques dans l'Europe de la seconde moitié du XXe siècle

The Contemporary History of Psychiatric Practices in Europe, 1945-1990 

Call for Papers

Berlin, June 5 2020)

What kind of new approaches and treatment schemes were established in European psychiatry after the Second World War? Which alternative practices developed during the second half of the 20th century? The book workshop on “The Contemporary History of Psychiatric Practices in Europe” will give space to the diversity and transformation of therapeutic regimes and approaches. In the first place, we aim at a comparative approach of psychiatric practices, which by today have mostly dropped out of the focus of applied techniques. Thus, the edited volume will contribute to the debate on the future direction of the “mental sciences”. Secondly, we would like to explore the decades before and during the psychiatric reforms in every particular case, focusing on a general period of interest from the 1950s to the 1980s.

In our book workshop, case studies will seek to explore the therapeutic setting of different institutions from all over Europe dealing with the history of practices, based on medical and institutional records, oral history or personal legacies. What is role of new professions like psychologists, nurses and social workers? How did psychology enter the psychiatric wards? How did interaction techniques, therapeutic strategies and institutional routines shape the clinical day-to-day life? These questions should serve us in order to uncover and describe the structures of psychiatric practices.

Of particular interest are contributions examining the individuality of diagnostic systems and procedures as well as those illuminating the use of different therapeutic methods. How did, in addition to the use of psychotropic drugs and surgical approaches, psychotherapy, ergotherapy and occupational therapy or social therapy approaches develop? In submitted articles, the impact of non-physician staff or the materiality of treatment practices might as well come to the fore. Further topics could be the decentralization of institutions, cooperation in institutional settings, or the social structure in the therapeutic process, including patients, relatives and staff members.

The workshop is part of the DFG-ANR-project “Retrieving alternatives. Pluralism in practice in European psychiatry, 1950-1980” (DFG project number: 411115568). The aim of the book workshop is to publish an edited volume on the contemporary history of psychiatric practices in Europe. Constitutional to the format are three two-day-meetings, during which the planned contributions will be discussed together in their respective stages of development. This should facilitate scientific exchange and increase the coherence of the contributions. The meetings will take place at the Institute for the History of Medicine and Ethics in Medicine of the Charité Berlin. The first workshop is supposed to take place on June 5th and 6th, 2020 and will be followed by two workshop sessions in spring and autumn 2021. The workshop will be held in English. Travel and accommodation costs will be covered. Welcome are contributions to all outlined topics.

Please send your contributions in the form of an abstract until January 6th, 2020 to and


Dr. Birte Förster & Henriette Voelker

Institut für Geschichte der Medizin, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin
Thielallee 71, 14195 Berlin

mardi 10 décembre 2019

Les cadavres dans l'anatomie belge

Corpses in Belgian Anatomy, 1860-1914. Nobody’s Dead

Tinne Claes

Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN 978-3-030-20114-2

This book tells the story of the thousands of corpses that ended up in the hands of anatomists in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Composed as a travel story from the point of view of the cadaver, this study offers a full-blown cultural history of death and dissection, with insights that easily go beyond the history of anatomy and the specific case of Belgium. From acquisition to disposal, the trajectories of the corpse changed under the influence of social policies, ideological tensions, religious sensitivities, cultures of death and broader changes in the field of medical ethics. Anatomists increasingly had to reconcile their ways with the diverse meanings that the dead body held. To a certain extent, as this book argues, they started to treat the corpse as subject rather than object. Interweaving broad historical evolutions with detailed case studies, this book offers unique insights into a field dominated by Anglo-American perspectives, evaluating the similarities and differences within other European contexts.

Préparer les corps, pleurer et honorer les morts

Des os et des larmes. Préparer les corps, pleurer et honorer les morts

Appel à communications 

XIIe rencontre du Groupe d'archéologie et d'anthropologie funéraires (Gaaf) autour des funérailles

La XIIe rencontre du Groupe d'archéologie et d'anthropologie funéraires (Gaaf) aura pour objectif de discuter des funérailles, au sens le plus large du terme, autorisant le passage entre le jour de la vie et les ténèbres de la mort. Il s’agira d’aborder l’ensemble des gestes portés sur ou autour du corps et de la tombe, avant, pendant et après le dépôt du défunt, qu’ils soient anecdotiques ou révélateurs d’une chaîne opératoire. Un tel sujet permet en effet d'évoquer, non seulement les gestes techniques qui conduisent au bon déroulement des funérailles, mais aussi les gestes constitutifs de la tombe, les gestes rituels, les gestes de préparation du défunt ainsi que ceux liés à la mémoire, réactivant le souvenir.

La perte du sujet dans le groupe, c’est-à-dire la mort d’un proche, en tant que rupture, marque une perturbation sociale vécue différemment à tous ses échelons, de l’individu au groupe social ou familial élargi. Phénomène universel ou presque, les sociétés traditionnelles se sont attachées à le ritualiser. Dans l’émotion qui s’invite, cette perte déclenche une série de gestes de la part de « ceux qui restent », variable selon le temps, les cultures ou le niveau social au sein d’une même société. La cérémonie funèbre et le dépôt du corps en constituent le point d’orgue. Quelle que soit leur nature, les divers comportements funéraires peuvent être compris comme la manifestation volontaire d’intégrer cette rupture. Cela pourrait être comparé à un « travail du deuil », selon l’expression devenue classique de Freud, adaptée à l’échelle collective. 

La 12e Rencontre du Gaaf se tiendra à Chartres (28), les 13, 14 et 15 mai 2020.

Elle aura pour objectif de discuter des funérailles, au sens le plus large du terme, autorisant le passage entre le jour de la vie et les ténèbres de la mort. Il s’agira donc d’aborder l’ensemble des gestes portés sur ou autour du corps et de la tombe, avant, pendant et après le dépôt du défunt, qu’ils soient anecdotiques ou révélateurs d’une chaîne opératoire. Un tel sujet permet en effet d'évoquer, non seulement les gestes techniques qui conduisent au bon déroulement des funérailles, mais aussi les gestes constitutifs de la tombe, les gestes rituels, les gestes de préparation du défunt ainsi que ceux liés à la Mémoire, réactivant le souvenir.

Ce sera notamment l’occasion de voir quelles traces archéologiques, même fugaces, nous sont parvenues. Le recoupement et la répétition de celles-ci permettent de distinguer des gestes volontaires, donc appartenant aux rites des funérailles qui accompagnent le mort. En outre, nous n’oublierons pas que d’autres contextes, tout autant que les sources écrites, les témoignages de voyageurs ou encore d’ethnologues, rappellent qu’un grand nombre de ces gestes nous échappent.

Il s’agira aussi d’aborder la question des stratégies familiales et sociales ainsi que celle des émotions. En effet, ce moment des funérailles, de la préparation des corps à la mise au tombeau en passant par leur transport -sans oublier le bûcher et la collecte des ossements pour les crémations- puis les gestes mémoriels, laisse des traces. Des stratégies à l’échelle d’une société ou à celle d’un groupe plus resserré peuvent-elles être perçues ? Une archéologie des émotions est-elle possible ?

Les organisateurs du colloque souhaitent une rencontre internationale et transdisciplinaire où chacun, quelle que soit la discipline qu’il représente -archéologie, anthropologie, histoire, sociologie, ethnologie, médecine, thanatopraxie, psychanalyse, etc.-, sera amené à réfléchir et discuter de contextes chrono-géographiques variés, l’étude de cas étant tout aussi importante que l’approche globale.

Discussions scientifiques et posters s’articuleront autour des trois grandes phases des funérailles :

1/ Le temps de la préparation : préparation du corps, transport de ce dernier, creusement de la tombe, construction/taille du contenant, choix des essences, choix des dépôts etc.,

2/ Caractériser les funérailles : gestion du corps, cérémonie associée ou non, nature des dépôts, etc.,

3/ La mémoire dans tous ses états : signalétique des tombes, gestes post-cérémoniels, réinterventions dans les sépultures, etc.,

Modalités de participation

Les sessions seront élaborées par le comité scientifique en fonction des propositions de communication.
Les communications sont autorisées sur tous supports : oral, poster, vidéo et son.
Elles auront une durée de 20 mn, suivies de 10 mn de discussion.
Une présentation orale de 5 mn des posters est programmée au cours de la Rencontre.
Au terme de chaque journée, un débat sera organisé avec tous les participants.

Les propositions de communications/posters sont attendues avant le 20 décembre 2019

par courrier électronique. Veuillez adresser vos propositions via les formulaires ci-joint à :
Elles devront être accompagnées d’une illustration en haute définition.
Le comité scientifique se réunira début 2020 pour sélectionner les contributions et établir le programme définitif.

Comité d’organisation
Émilie Portat (Direction de l’archéologie, Chartres),
Stéphane Hérouin (Direction de l’archéologie, Chartres),
Patrice Georges-Zimmermann (Inrap)

Comité scientifique
Yann Ardagna (Université Aix-Marseille),
Valérie Bel (Inrap),
Laurent Coulon (Direction de l’archéologie, Chartres),
Sylvain Dhennin (Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée),
Henri Duday (CNRS),
Alain Epelboin (CNRS, MNHM),
Patrice Georges-Zimmermann (Inrap),
Stéphane Hérouin (Direction de l’archéologie, Chartres),
Olivier Labat (Service de l’archéologie préventive, CD 28),
Sébastien Lepetz (CNRS, MNHM),
Émilie Portat (Direction de l’archéologie, Chartres),
Géraldine Sachau-Carcel (UMR 5199 - PACEA),
Romedio Schmitz-Esser (Université de Gratz),
Cécile Treffort (Université de Poitiers),
William Van Andringa (EPHE, Paris),
Christian Verjux (SRA Centre-Val-de-Loire).

lundi 9 décembre 2019

La vaccination en Chine

Mass Vaccination: Citizens' Bodies and State Power in Modern China 

Mary Augusta Brazelton

Publisher: Cornell University Press (October 15, 2019)
Series: Studies of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia University
Hardcover: 258 pages
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1501739989

While the eradication of smallpox has long been documented, not many know the Chinese roots of this historic achievement. In this revelatory study, Mary Augusta Brazelton examines the PRC's public health campaigns of the 1950s to explain just how China managed to inoculate almost six hundred million people against this and other deadly diseases.

Mass Vaccination tells the story of the people, materials, and systems that built these campaigns, exposing how, by improving the nation's health, the Chinese Communist Party quickly asserted itself in the daily lives of all citizens. This crusade had deep roots in the Republic of China during the Second Sino-Japanese War, when researchers in China's southwest struggled to immunize as many people as possible, both in urban and rural areas. But its legacy was profound, providing a means for the state to develop new forms of control and of engagement. Brazelton considers the implications of vaccination policies for national governance, from rural health care to Cold War-era programs of medical diplomacy. By embedding Chinese medical history within international currents, she highlights how and why China became an exemplar of primary health care at a crucial moment in global health policy.

Congrès annuel de la SCHPS

CSHPS Annual Conference / Congrès annuel de la SCHPS

Call for Abstracts / Appel à contributions

London, ON, May 30-June 1, 2020
Proposals due January 10th, 2020 / Date limite de soumission 10 janvier 2020

[English Follows]

La Société canadienne d'histoire et de philosophie des sciences (SCHPS) tiendra son congrès annuel dans le cadre du Congrès des sciences humaines, London, ON, 30 mai – 1er juin 2020

Le comité de programme invite les historiens et philosophes des sciences à soumettre un résumé pour une communication individuelle ou une proposition de séance pour le congrès. Les propositions de séances (typiquement pour 3 communications) seront particulièrement bienvenues. Nous sommes notamment à la recherche de contributions sur le thème du Congrès des sciences humaines 2019, « Bâtir des passerelles : combattre le colonialisme et le racisme anti-Noirs ». Les contributions qui ne sont pas liées à ce thème seront également considérées.

· Langues du congrès : La SCHPS est une société bilingue. Les communications individuelles peuvent être en français ou en anglais, mais les efforts pour faciliter une participation diversifiée sont encouragés (par exemple, une communication en français accompagnée d’une présentation PowerPoint en anglais, ou vice-versa). De même, les séances peuvent être en anglais ou en français, mais les sessions bilingues sont particulièrement appréciées. 

· Séances conjointes : Le congrès de la SCHPS se déroule en même temps que ceux de plusieurs autres sociétés membres de la FCSH, comme l’Association canadienne de philosophie, la Société historique du Canada, Women’s and Gender Studies et Recherches féministes, et la Société canadienne d’histoire de la médecine. Nous encourageons les propositions de séances conjointes avec d’autres sociétés (merci de bien l’indiquer dans votre proposition). Cependant, aucune communication ne peut être présentée à plus d’une société.

· Nombre de soumissions : Une personne ne peut soumettre qu’un résumé de communication (c.-à-d. soit pour une communication individuelle soit dans le cadre d’une proposition de séance). 

· Soumissions avec EasyChair:

◦ Afin de préserver l’anonymat des auteurs, aucune coordonnée personnelle ne doit être incluse dans le fichier contenant la proposition de communication.

◦ Les propositions de communication individuelle doivent comprendre un fichier avec un titre et un résumé (entre 150 et 250 mots), et, sur le formulaire EasyChair, les coordonnées de l’auteur et une liste de mots clés.

◦ Les propositions de séance doivent comprendre un seul fichier avec le titre de la séance, les titres et résumés (entre 150 et 250 mots) de chaque contribution, et, sur le formulaire EasyChair, les noms et coordonnées des auteurs et de l’organisateur de la séance et une liste de mots clés.

◦ Les propositions doivent être soumises dans des fichiers de format pdf.

◦ Date limite de soumission: 10 janvier 2020.

· Présentateurs : Tous les présentateurs doivent être membres de la SCHPS au moment du congrès. Pour plus d’information sur l’inscription à la SCHPS, consulter le site :

· Prix étudiant: La SCHPS décerne le prix Richard Hadden pour la meilleure communication étudiante présentée lors du congrès. Les candidats qui souhaitent concourir devront envoyer par courriel ( une copie de leur texte avant le 6 avril 2020. Pour plus d’information sur le prix, voir :

· Les informations concernant l’inscription et les possibilités d’hébergement pour le congrès se trouveront sur le site Internet du congrès de la FCSH:

Comité de programme (2019-2020) : Geoff Bil (Delaware), Molly Kao (Montréal) présidente, Gordon McOuat (King’s College), Audrey Yap (Victoria)

Organisation locale: Eric Desjardins (UWO)

Contact email:


The Canadian Society for the History and Philosophy of Science (CSHPS) is holding its annual conference as part of the Congress of the Humanities and Social Sciences in London, ON, May 30-June 1, 2020 (

The Program Committee invites scholars working on the history and philosophy of science to submit abstracts for individual papers or proposals for sessions (typically 3 papers). We particularly encourage scholars to engage with the theme for Congress 2020 – “Bridging Divides: Confronting Colonialism and Anti-Black Racism”. Unrelated topics and themes are also welcome.

· Meeting languages: The CSHPS is a bilingual society. Individual papers may be given in English or French, but efforts to broaden participation are appreciated (e.g. a presentation in English could be accompanied by a PowerPoint in French, and vice versa). Similarly, sessions can be presented in either English or French, but bilingual sessions are especially welcomed. 

· Joint sessions: The CSHPS meeting overlaps with the meeting dates of a number of other member societies of the CFHSS, including the Canadian Philosophical Association, the Canadian Historical Association, Women’s and Gender Studies et Recherches Féministes, and the Canadian Society for the History of Medicine. We welcome proposals for joint sessions with these and other societies (please mention this specifically in your session proposal). However, no talk will be accepted for presentation at more than one society.

· Number of submissions: Individuals can only submit one abstract for the CSHPS meeting (i.e. either an abstract for an individual paper or an abstract as part of a session proposal).

· Submissions via EasyChair:

◦ In order to preserve the anonymity of authors, it is important that contact information and other identifying information be excluded from the file containing the abstract.

◦ Individual paper submissions should include a file with a title and a brief abstract (150-250 words), and—on the EasyChair form—the author’s name and contact information, and a list of keywords.

◦ Session proposals should include a single file with a session title, titles and brief abstracts (150-250 words) for each paper, and—on the EasyChair form—the names and contact information of the presenters and session organizer, and a list of keywords.

◦ Proposals should be in pdf format.

◦ Deadline: January 10th, 2020

· Presenters: All presenters must be members of the CSHPS at the time of the meeting. For more information about CSHPS membership, consult:

· Student Prize: The CSHPS offers the Richard Hadden Award, a book prize for the best student paper presented at the meeting. To be considered for the award, students should submit a copy of their paper by e-mail ( by April 6th, 2020. Details of this prize can be found at:

· CFHSS: Information about Congress registration and accommodation will be available at the CFHSS congress website:

Program Committee (2019-2020): Geoff Bil (Delaware), Molly Kao (Montreal) chair, Gordon McOuat (King’s College), Audrey Yap (Victoria)

Local Arrangements: Eric Desjardins (UWO)

Contact email:

dimanche 8 décembre 2019

Les sexes et les sciences

The Sexes and the Sciences

Special issue of Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies

This special issue marks approximately three decades since Londa Schiebinger, Ludmilla Jordanova, and Thomas Laqueur carved out new intellectual terrain with their respective cultural histories that similarly located modern scientific definitions of sex and sexual difference in the eighteenth century. Following those studies, there has been all manner of fascinating research and debate on this subject. In a 2003 review, George Haggerty declared that ‘the study of gender and sexuality in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries has come of age’. Cultural, literary, and social historians investigating sex and science continue to point to the long century as a breeding ground for the gendered self, for biological determination, for modern gender politics, and for sexual dimorphism as we know it.

In recent years, scholars researching this subject have engaged with new materials and contexts—from collections and correspondences to communities and clubs. There have been innovations in methodology too, and particularly with interdisciplinary approaches. Reassessments of boundaries between the eighteenth-century arts and sciences have had profound implications for readings of sex and gender in the period.

Out of the above historiographies, this special issue of JECS explores how ‘the sexes’ and ‘the sciences’ were mutually influential as enlightenment developments.

Collectively, the articles demonstrate that eighteenth-century scientific understandings of the sexes—male and female—were diverse and debated, and that, while formal scientific institutions and publications were almost exclusively comprised of men, their gendered relationships were various, and numerous women still meaningfully contributed to science as both practitioners and patrons.

DARREN N. WAGNER and JOANNA WHARTON, 'The Sexes and the Sciences'

KAREN HOLLEWAND, 'Eggs, Sperm and Desire: Sex and Science in the Dutch Golden Age'

LISA WYNNE SMITH, 'Remembering Dr Sloane: Masculinity and the Making of An Eighteenth-Century Physician' 

KAREN HARVEY, 'Epochs of Embodiment: Men, Women and the Material Body'

RAYMOND STEPHANSON, 'Fictional Science and Genre: Ectogenesis and Parthenogenesis At Mid-Century'

MARY MCALPIN, 'Denis Diderot and the Masturbating Girl'

ELENA SERRANO, 'Sex and Prisons: Women and Spanish Penitentiary Reform, 1787-1808'

MILLIE SCHURCH, '"All the Productions of That Nature": Ephemera, Mycology and Sexual Classification At the Bulstrode Estate'

JON MEE, '"Some Mode Less Revolting to Their Delicacy": Women’s Institutional Space in the Transpennine Enlightenment, 1781-1822'

9e colloque de l'ESHS

9th International Conference of the European Society for the History of Science (ESHS)

Call for Papers

Bologna, 31 August-3 September 2020

The 9th International Conference of the European Society for the History of Science (ESHS), hosted by the Centre for the History of Universities and Science at the University of Bologna (CIS) and by the Italian Society for the History of Science (SISS), will take place in Bologna, from the 31st of August to the 3rd of September 2020. The theme of the 2020 meeting is “Visual, Material and Sensory Cultures of Science”. Sessions and talks might address the history of the sensory approaches to scientific objects, their material culture, as well as the building of scientific practices based on the use of the senses (vision, hearing, touch and smell), with particular attention to the history of the relationship between the visual arts and the sciences across nations, periods, and historiographies; visual epistemologies and the cultural practice of thinking scientifically with images; and the relationship between different media (print, photography, digital imaging, etc.) and scientific disciplines in various social, political, and economic contexts. Given the developments of the discipline in the past twenty years, we see this theme as particularly topical and capable of generating broad historical questions at the same time. This theme will provide ample opportunity to take stock and reflect on “sensory cultures” and on the “visual turn”, to assess their strengths and weaknesses, but also to explore their relationship with competing or overlapping historiographical trends such as the material and global history of science, medicine and technology.

The Scientific and Organizing Committees of ESHS 2020 invite proposals for symposia to be held during the conference, according to the following standard format: Four speakers in a 120-minute slot. The organiser will chair the symposium or may propose a chair (who may not be a speaker in the session) and if requested also a commentator. Each speaker presents one after another. The session is then open to questions and general discussion, which may be introduced by a commentator, if requested. In addition to the symposium abstract an abstract is required for the presentation of each speaker (but not for the commentator).

About Bologna: Bologna is one of the major centers for the study of the history of science in Italy, and this distinguished tradition goes back a long time. Since the later Middle Ages Bologna has been at the core of significant developments in European medicine, natural philosophy, mathematics, astronomy and a wide spectrum of other emerging scientific disciplines. Over the centuries, the city and its university have collected and preserved a vast amount of documentation that traces the practice and evolution of these disciplines within a variety of institutional and civic contexts. As a result, Bologna can praise itself for hosting some of the richest archives for the history of science and medicine in Europe. The anatomical teaching of Mondino de’ Liuzzi in the 14th century, the birth of one of the first proper scientific museums through the legacy of Ulisse Aldrovandi, and the development of mechanical philosophy around Marcello Malpighi are only three of the many scientific achievements associated with the city and its university that have attracted international scholars. By the late 19thcentury, Bologna hosted the first chairs in the history of medicine and mathematics, and immediately after the process of Italian unification it became one of the leading universities where different traditions in the historiography of science first developed in Italy. These traditions, now open to global influences, have continued to flourish to this day.
  • Submission of symposium proposals closes 23.59GMT: 15 December 2019 
  • Submission of individual paper proposals opens: 16 December 2019
For more information, please see: and the conference dedicated website