vendredi 30 mars 2018

Kurt Goldstein

Kurt Goldstein: a biologist, a physician, a philosopher or an anthropologist ?

International Workshop

Lundi 9 avril 2018

Université Paris Diderot
Bâtiment Condorcet, 3e étage
4, rue Elsa Morante, 75013 PARIS

This international workshop will gather colleagues who share an interest for Goldstein’s thinking on the basis of their own research and discipline, in order to get a picture of what makes it topical for us in various ways. At first, we would like the workshop to be an opportunity to highlight its various receptions, to understand their contexts of emergence and their interpretative implications.
For example, one issue is to go beyond the interpretation usually derived, in France, from its early reception. As we know, his works were integrated into G. Canguilhem and M. Merleau-Ponty’s philosophical reflection by because of their ambition to deliver an anthropological vision. The reception in France of K. Goldstein’s major work, The Organism: A Holistic Approach to Biology Derived from Pathological Data in Man (first publication in German under the title: Der Aufbau des Organismus. Einführung in die Biologie unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Erfahrungen am kranken Menschen.1934), was extremely significant as early as the 1930-1940s. This work is still well known in French philosophy thanks to its initial reception, in which G. Canguilhem played a prominent role, along with M. Merleau-Ponty. The translation of Der Aufbau des Organismus into French by E. Burckardt and J. Kuntz was published in 1951 under the title La structure de l'organisme. Introduction à la biologie à partir de la pathologie humaine. G. Canguilhem mentioned M. Merleau-Ponty several times in his writings, usually along with K. Goldstein. He stressed M. Merleau-Ponty’s role in the spreading of K. Goldstein’s ideas in France. More generally, we would the workshop to be an opportunity to highlight its various receptions, to understand their contexts of emergence and their interpretative implications.
A key point in this perspective is to understand its context of emergence in Berlin, to identify physicians, biologists and philosophers that shared similar or close concerns, in order to highlight the way Goldstein specifically dealt with these concerns.
Another issue we would like to discuss is Goldstein’s professional and intellectual identity.
Even though K. Goldstein was not a philosopher in the professional sense of the word – he practised as a neurologist and psychiatrist, his thinking inspired various philosophers with whom he shared an anthropological discourse. And he himself drew on philosophical thinking in order to elaborate his “holistic” conception of medicine. When reading his works, we are thus faced with an approach that breaches professional and disciplinary borders and questions them.
Finally, the workshop would like to focus on the working methods of Goldstein as a clinician. We would like to examine their relationship to his conception of disease and to his vision of medicine as a holistic activity, and finally to assess their scope for contemporary care of brain-damaged patients and more generally contemporary practice of neurology.

Vincent Barras, Professor of History of Medicine and Life Sciences, Director of the Institute of Medical Humanities (IHM), FBM, CHUV- UNIL
Lazare Benaroyo, Professor of medical ethics and philosophy of medicine, Office of the Dean, Faculty of biology and medicine, and Interdisciplinary ethics Platform, University of Lausanne, Switzerland Jean-Marc Mouillie, Professor in Philosophy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Angers

Morning session
9:00-9:30 am
Welcome and coffee

9:30 AM-10:20 am
Gerhard Hildebrandt, neurosurgeon, Department of Neurosurgery, Cantonal Hospital St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland, Kurt Goldstein and His Early Network Theories of the Brain - A Neurosurgeons View

10:20 AM-11:10 am
Gonzalo Talavera, Ph. D. Student in History and Philosophy of Science, University of Leeds, Max Isserlin and Kurt Goldstein on aphasia : German neurologists between localization and holism in the interwar years

11:10 am-11:20 am Break

11:20 AM-12:10 am
Charlotte Gilart de Keranflec’h, nurse, advanced practitioner in neurorehabilitation, and Ph. D. Student in Philosophy and Life Sciences, University Paris Diderot and Faculty of Biology and Medicine of Lausanne, Institute of Medical Humanities (IHM), Goldstein pioneer in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine?

12:10 pm-13:00 pm

Marie Gaille, senior researcher in Philosophy, CNRS-University Paris Diderot, Translating Goldstein as a biologist, a physician, a philosopher, and an anthropologist. Human nature in the light of psychopathology as a “Babelian” text


Afternoon session

14:00-15:00 pm
Cornelius Borck, historian of science and medicine and director of the Institute for the History of Medicine and Science Studies of the University of Lübeck, Germany, Holism in Exile: How the Translation of The Organism shaped Goldstein’s Reception in America

15:00-16:00 pm
Agathe Camus, Ph.D.Student in Philosophy, University Paris 7 - Diderot, SPHERE / ATER Faculty of Medicine Lyon-Est, University Claude Bernard - Lyon 1, Goldstein, Canguilhem and medical holism: contextualization and clarification.

Todd Meyers, Associate Professor of Anthropology, NYU Shanghai; Global Network Associate Professor, New York University; Director of the Center for Society, Health, and Medicine and the Co-Director of the NYU-ECNU Institute for Social Development at NYU Shanghai, The use of images (moving or otherwise) in clinical inquiry: Kurt Goldstein’s experimental labour on film - Goldstein’s films

17:15-17:30 Concluding remarks

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