samedi 29 septembre 2012

Les réformateurs sectaires dans la médecine américaine

Sectarian Reformers in American Medicine, 1800–1910

John S. Haller Jr., PhD, is a professor of history at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, teaching courses in American intellectual history and the history of medicine.

  • Hardcover: 321 pages
  • Éditeur: Ams Pr Inc (30 juillet 2012)
  • Langue: English
  • ISBN-10: 0404644716
  • ISBN-13: 978-0404644710
  • Over the course of more than two centuries, mainstream medicine was able to manage the public’s perception of its clash with sectarian medicine. Even a cursory view of the language it used to compare the competing philosophies makes evident the combative nature of this relationship. Haller’s newest book, Sectarian Reformers in American Medicine, 1800–1910, suggests that to accept orthodoxy’s depiction of medicine’s sectarian reformers is a serious mistake since medical orthodoxy was little more than a sect itself through much of the nineteenth century.
    The book seeks answers to a number of important questions: What constituted orthodox medical practice among the system-builders in Europe and America? What was the impact of “New World” theories on European medicine and how did they contribute to the making of a distinctive American school of medicine? In what manner did America’s reformers challenge the meaning of science and medicine? How did the publishing world become a vehicle for reform medicine? In what way did reform medical colleges transform particular notions of medicine into an authentic science? How did reform medical societies operate in a democratic culture? What was the nature and impact of Abraham Flexner’s critique of sectarian medicine in his classic Medical Education in the United States and Canada?
    One of the book’s unique aspects is its complete listing all sectarian colleges, journals, and societies established during the nineteenth century.

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