mardi 6 septembre 2016

Médecine et modernité au 19e siècle

Medicine and Modernity in the Long Nineteenth Century


St Anne’s College, University of Oxford
Saturday 10 – Sunday 11 September 2016

In this two day interdisciplinary conference, hosted by the ERC project Diseases of Modern Life: Nineteenth Century Perspectives, we will explore the phenomena of stress and overload, and other disorders associated with the problems of modernity in the long nineteenth century, as expressed in the literature, science, and medicine of the period. By tracing the connections drawn between physiological, psychological and social health, or disease in the era, we aim to offer new ways of contextualising the problems of modernity facing us in the twenty-first century.

Saturday 10 September

9.00       Arrivals and registration

9.30       Welcome and Introduction

9.45       Keynote lecture: Christopher Hamlin, What is your Complaint?  Health as Moral Economy in the Long Nineteenth Century

11.00     Coffee break

11.30     Panel sessions
Session A: The Making of Psychological Identities
Mikko Myllykangas, Suicide as a Sign of Modernity and its Criticism in Finnish Suicide Discourse in the 19th Century
Bernhard Leitner, The Mirror Stage of Pathology: Trajectories of Psychiatric Concepts in the Making of Modern Japan
Katariina Parhi, Dangerous Age of Nervousness: Modernity, Crime, and Legal Responsibility
Session B: Medical Marketing
Alice Tsay, Pills for Our Ills: Patent Medicine Marketing and the Formation of Global Modernity
Lesley Steinitz, Swallowing Modernity: Advertising a Nerve-Strengthening Food
Sophie Ratcliffe, “Giovanni's got some splendid pills!” Daisy Miller and the ‘Virus of Suggestion’
Session C: Disseminating Scientific Knowledge
Andrew Mangham, William Gaskell, Sanitary Reform and the Diseases of Modern Manchester
Jeffrey Zalar, Strain: Catholic Reactions to Science in Germany, 1840–1914
Jens Lohfert Jørgensen, Bacteriological Modernism

1.00       Lunch

2.00       Panel sessions
Session A: Illness and Politics
Laurens Schlicht, The Revolutionary Shock: The French Revolution and the Medical Construction of the Modern Subject (France, 18001830s)
Alex Chase-Levenson, Sanitation and Civilization: The Eastern Question and the Plague
Daphne Rozenblatt, Political Origins of the Modern Psychopath
Session B: Maintaining Health Abroad
Jennifer Kain, ‘Few can benefit more than the over-taxed and over-worried brain worker’: 19th-Century Voyages for Health
Daniel Simpson, Poison Arrows and Unsound Minds: Medical Encounters in the Victorian South Pacific
Angharad Fletcher, Sex, Drugs and Suicide: Nursing Encounters on the ‘Frontiers’ of Empire, 1880–1914
Session C: Masculinity, Modernity, and Mental Health
Amy Milne-Smith, “I have Overworked my Brain”: Men’s Relationship to Work in Modern Britain
Philippa Lewis, An Outdated Emotion? Feeling Shy in fin-de-siècle France
Matthew Klugman, Football Fever A Disease of Modern Life?

3.30       Coffee break

4.00       Panel sessions
Session A: Sick Landscapes
Erin Lafford, ‘Your vile fenny atmosphere’: Clare’s Fenlands and Climatic Susceptibility
Manon Mathias, Excrement and Infectious Disease in the Late 19th-Century French Novel
Keir Waddington, Drought, Disease, and Modernity in Rural Wales, c.1880–1914
Session B: Health, Disease, and Technology
David Trotter, Digital Disease: Communication in the Telegraph Era
Projit Mukharji, Metaphoric Modernity: Railways, Telegraphs and the New Ayurvedic Body in Victorian Bengal
Galina Kichigina, Electrical Therapy for the Heart: German Scientific Medicine and British Physiology. The Cases of Hugo von Ziemssen and John MacWilliam
Session C: Fatigue
Laura Mainwaring, Deficiency of the Vital Forces: The Rhetoric of Overwork in the 19th-Century Medical Marketplace
Susan Matt and Luke Fernandez, Focus and Fatigue: Cerebral Hyperaemia and the Perils of Specialized Knowledge in 19th-Century America
Steffan Blayney, ‘Drooping with the century’: Fatigue and the fin-de-siècle

5.30       Break

6.00       Drinks reception

7.00       Dinner in St Anne’s Dining Hall

Sunday 11 September

9.30       Panel sessions
Session A: Children’s Health and Disease
Mallory Cohn, Modern Complaints: Victorian Precocity and the Regulation of the Child
Steven Taylor, Imperfect Bodies: The Waifs and Strays Society, Childhood Disability, and Improvement
Jutta Ahlbeck, The Nervous Child and the Disease of Modernity
Session B: Illness, Identity, and Migration
Brad Campbell, Neurasthenia and the New Negro: The 19th-Century Psychiatric Origins of a Modern American Type
Sally Swartz, Migration, Dislocation and Trauma: The Case of Jewish Immigrants to Cape Colony during the 19th Century
Jessica Howell, Enervated India: Tropical Neurasthenia and the Fictions of Empire
Session C: The Body and Modernity
Agnes Arnold-Foster, Pathology of Progress: Cancer in 19th-Century Britain
Helen Goodman, Symptoms of Stress and the Modern Man of Science
F.E. Thurston, The (Re-) Discovery of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in the 19th Century

11.00     Coffee break

11.30     Panel sessions
Session A: Physical Culture and the Regulation of the Body
Zachary Turpin, “Manly Health and Training”: Whitman’s Long-Lost Guide to Fitness and 19th-Century Anxieties about Physiological Purity and Perfectibility
Joan Jacobs Brumberg, Anorexia Nervosa: Modernity and Appetite
Alexander Pyrges, Corpulence as an Affliction of the Modern World. Medical and Popular Views in 19th-Century Germany
Session B: Nervousness
Sonsoles Hernández Barbosa, Diversification or Sensory Unification? Ideas around the Evolution of the Senses in fin-de-siècle Culture
Michael Guida, Sonic Therapy: Harmony for Disordered Nerves
David Freis, Preventing Mental Illness in One’s Sleep: Nervousness, Psychiatric Prophylaxis and the Invention of Mental Hygiene in fin-de-siècle Germany
Session C: Medical Practitioners
Sam Nesamony, Medical Philanthropy: ‘Medical Chest’ and ‘Touring Clinics’ of Missionaries in Colonial India
Torsten Riotte, Science, Technology and Individual Responsibility: The Professional, Judicial and Public Debate about Medical Negligence during the 19th Century
Carol-Ann Farkas, The Woman Doctor as Medical and Moral Authority: Nervous Disorders, Purity Campaigns, and Gender Relations in Helen Brent, MD

1.00       Lunch

2.00       Panel sessions
Session A: Rhythmic and Non-Rhythmic Bodies
Laura Marcus, Rhythm and Adaptation in the Machine Age
Karen Chase, Wynken, Blynken, and Nod
Josephine Hoegaerts, Victims of Civilization: Recording, Counting and Curing Stammerers in 19th-Century Western Europe
Session B: Addiction
Alessia Pannese, Sense and Sensibility in 19th-Century Addiction
Thembisa Waetjen, Habit-Forming Substances and Medicinal Modernities in Colonial South Africa, 1885–1910
Douglas Small, Cocaine, Technology, and Modernity, 18841914
Session C: Understanding and Managing Psychiatric Disorder
Kristine Swenson, Phrenology as Neurodiversity: The Fowlers and Modern Brain Disorders
Alfons Zarzoso, A New Medicine for the Insane in a Modern and Industrial Barcelona
Susan Sidlauskas, Picturing/Narrating the ‘Voluntary Boarder’ at Holloway Sanatorium c.1890

3.30       Coffee break

4.00       Keynote lecture: Laura Otis, What’s at Stake in Judging the Health and Pathology of Emotions?

5.00       Conference close

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