vendredi 15 janvier 2016

La médecine parisienne au XIXe siècle

The face of medicine: Visualising medical masculinities in late nineteenth-century Paris 

Mary Hunter

Series: Rethinking Arts Histories MUP
Hardcover: 232 pages
Publisher: Manchester University Press; 1 edition (January 1, 2016)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-0719097577

The face of medicine examines the overlapping worlds of art and medicine in late nineteenth-century France. It sheds new light on the relevance of the visual in medical and scientific cultures, and on the relationship between artistic and medical practices and imagery. By examining previously unstudied sources that traverse disciplinary boundaries, this original study rethinks the politics of medical representations and their social impact.

Hunter argues that artworks and medical collections played a key role in forming the public face of scientific medicine. Through a focused examination of paintings from the 1886 and 1887 Paris Salons that portray famous men from the medical and scientific elite Louis Pasteur, Jules-Émile Péan and Jean-Martin Charcot along with the images and objects that these men made for personal and occupational purposes, she explores how the masculinities of eminent medical men were visualised. Anatomical wax models, painted portraits, medical photographs and popular caricatures, amongst other items, were central to the performance of individual and collective identities, social and professional exchanges, and to the production of knowledge. 

The face of medicine investigates the medical community's use of art and aesthetics, and the art world's cultural appropriation of scientific principles. It explores how artists, physicians and scientists worked together to produce depictions of bodies, diseases and sexualities that were considered as real as possible. By examining the competing claims to truth made by different media, stylistic practices and professions, The face of medicine questions the varying rhetorical strategies of realism, nationalism and objectivity to explore realism's multiple roles and guises.

Aucun commentaire:

Enregistrer un commentaire