mardi 6 mai 2014

Les médecins noirs de la République du Pérou

The Black Doctors of Colonial Lima: Science, Race, and Writing in Colonial and Early Republican Peru 

José R. Jouve Martín

Series: Mcgill-Queen's/Associated Medical Services Studies in the History of Medicine (Book 41)
Hardcover: 224 pages
Publisher: Mcgill Queens Univ Pr (May 2014)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0773543414
ISBN-13: 978-0773543416

In this groundbreaking study on the intersection of race, science, and politics in colonial Latin American, Jose Jouve Martin explores the reasons why the city of Lima, in the decades that preceded the wars of independence in Peru, became dependent on a large number of bloodletters, surgeons, and doctors of African descent. The Black Doctors of Colonial Lima focuses on the lives and fortunes of three of the most distinguished among this group of black physicians: Jose Pastor de Larrinaga, a surgeon of controversial medical ideas who passionately defended the right of scientific learning for Afro-Peruvians; Jose Manuel Davalos, a doctor who studied medicine at the University of Montpellier and played a key role in the smallpox vaccination campaigns in Peru; and Jose Manuel Valdes, a multifaceted writer who became the first and only person of black ancestry to become a chief medical officer in Spanish America. By carefully documenting their actions and writings, The Black Doctors of Colonial Lima illustrates how medicine and its related fields became areas in which the descendants of slaves found opportunities for social and political advancement, and a platform from which to engage in provocative dialogue with Enlightenment thought and social revolution.

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