dimanche 30 juin 2013

Histoire de l'hérédité

Human Heredity in the Twentieth Century

Bernd Gausemeier, Staffan Muller-wille & Edmund Ramsden (Editors)

Hardcover: 256 pages
Publisher: Pickering & Chatto Ltd (July 31, 2013)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1848934262
ISBN-13: 978-1848934269

This collection of essays looks at how human heredity was understood between 1900 and the late 1970s. Developments are explored across three themed sections: concepts, practices and institutions. The contributors explore the interaction of science, medicine and society in determining how heredity was viewed across the world during the politically turbulent years of the twentieth century.

Introduction: The history of human heredity – Bernd Gausemeier, Staffan Müller-Wille and Edmund Ramsden 

Part I: Constructing surveys of heredity 

1 Borderlands of heredity: The debate about the hereditary susceptibility to tuberculosis, 1882–1945 – Bernd Gausemeier 

2 Championing a US clinic for human heredity: Pre-war concepts and post-war constructs – Philip Wilson 

3 The disappearance of the concept of anticipation in the postwar world – Judith E Friedman 

4 Remodelling the boundaries of normality: Lionel S Penrose and population surveys of mental ability – Edmund Ramsden 

Part II: Blood and populations 

5 From ‘races’ to ‘isolates’ and ‘endogamous communities’: Human genetics and the notion of human diversity in the 1950s – Veronika Lipphardt 

6 Blood group genetics and the transfusion services during World War II – Jenny Bangham
7 The abandonment of race: Researching human diversity in Switzerland, 1944–1956 – Pascal Germann 

8 Post-war and post-revolution: Medical genetics and social anthropology in Mexico – Edna Suárez and Ana Barahona 

Part III: Human heredity in the laboratory 

9 From agriculture to genomics: The animal side of of human genetics and the organization of model organisms in the longue durée – Alexander von Schwerin 

10 Cereals, chromosomes and colchicine: crop varieties at the Estación Experimental Aula Dei and human cytogenetics, 1948–1958 – María Jesús Santesmases 

11 Putting human genetics on a solid basis: Human chromosome research, 1950s–1970s – Soraya de Chadarevian 

Part IV: Managing disease
12 'The Most Hereditary of All Diseases': Hemophilia and the Utility of Genetics for Hematological Discipline, 1930–1965 – Stephen Pemberton 

13 The Emergence of Genetic Counselling in the Federal Republic of Germany: Continuity, Changes, and Shifts in Eugenics Themes in the narratives of Human Geneticists, c.1968–1980 – Anne Cottebrune 

14 How PKU Became a Genetic Disease – Diane Paul
Part V: Reconstructing discipline(s) 

15 No Revolution: toward a gradualist narrative of American medical genetics – Nathaniel Comfort 

16 Performing anger: H J Muller, James V Neel, and radiation risk – Susan Lindee 

17 The organisation of the 9th International Congress of Genetics in Bellagio and the struggle for authority in Italian Genetics (1948–1953) – Francesco Cassata 

18 Human Objects and Objections: Coerced Experimentation and Hereditary Research in Nazi Germany – Paul Weindling

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